Kurd von Bülow

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Kurd Edgar Bodo von Bülow (born July 20, 1899 in Allenstein , East Prussia , † May 30, 1971 in Rostock ) was a German geologist .


He came from the old Mecklenburg noble family Bülow and was the son of the royal Prussian major and battery boss Curt von Bülow (1867-1914) and Margarete Sander (1871-1947).

Bülow married on August 6, 1927 in Nordhausen the biology teacher Liselott Wendt (born January 25, 1906 in Eydtkuhnen , East Prussia, † July 13, 1977 in Rostock), the daughter of the royal Prussian customs councilor Waldemar Wendt and Margarete Streckert. The couple had four children.


After completing his schooling with Notabitur (1917) at the grammar school Bulow combat soldier in was World War . Even then he was working as an assistant to field geologists. After the war he studied from 1918 to 1920 at the Universities of Berlin and Greifswald (at Otto Jaekel ) Geology and was with a thesis on " The Kiesenhofer Moor near Greifswald " doctorate .

From 1921 Bülow worked at the Prussian State Geological Institute in Berlin . As a mapping geologist, he came to the Harz foreland , Brandenburg , the Eifel and the Rhenish Slate Mountains , the Lüneburg Heath , but above all to Mecklenburg, Western Pomerania and East Prussia. In addition to his mapping practice, Bülow always endeavored to familiarize broad sections of the population with geological research results through popular scientific presentations and, in particular, to make the practical importance of geology understandable in many ways.

From 1935 to 1946 he was a professor at the University of Rostock . At the same time he became head of the Geological State Institute for Mecklenburg . In 1941 he became director of the geological and paleontological institute of the mathematical and natural science faculty at the University of Rostock. Bülow joined the NSDAP and was block leader from 1938 .

The Second World War interrupted Bülow's teaching activities at the University of Rostock. It was not until 1952 that he resumed his work at the university after other geological activities (e.g. in the Rostocker Moorverwertung GmbH and later as head of the State Geological Institute). His retirement was in 1964, but he headed the Geological-Paleontological Institute until it was dissolved in 1969.

Bülow dealt primarily with the Quaternary geology of the North German lowlands , but increasingly also in the 1950s and 1960s with the history of geology, with tectonic problems and above all with the lunar geology. He is also known for his multiple geology for everyone .

His research on the moon fell at a time when one was moving from remote analyzes by telescope to direct investigations of the moon through photographic recordings of the far side of the moon, to physical and chemical analyzes of the lunar rocks. In 1969 his book " Die Mondlandschaften " was published, which he understood as a general inventory of all knowledge about the moon in order to come to a meaningful use of the latest knowledge. Curiously, the first moon landing took place on Bülow's 70th birthday .



  • Geology for everyone: a first introduction to geological thinking, working and knowledge , 10th edition, Franckh, Stuttgart 1974 (first 1941)
  • The Moon Landscapes , Mannheim, Bibliographical Institute, 1969
  • with Hans Udluft The Prussian Geological State Institute 1873-1939 , Hanover, Federal Institute for Soil Research 1968
  • The most important facts from geology , Berlin-Konradshöhe, Schmidt, 1954
  • The formation of the continents and oceans. Image and structure of the earth's crust , Stuttgart, Kosmos, 1963
  • General coastal dynamics and coastal protection on the southern Baltic Sea between Trave and Swine , Berlin, Akademie Verlag 1954
  • Revised by Bruno Tiedemann on soil investigations in the design and execution of civil engineering structures , Berlin, Ernst 1952
  • Geological history on the way , Stuttgart, Franckh, 1941
  • Defense geology , Leipzig, Quelle and Meyer 1938 (with Walter Kranz, Erich Sonne, Otto Burre, Wilhelm Dienemann)
  • Germany's forest and arable soils: Introduction to soil assessment in terrain and the basics of soil assessment , Borntraeger, Berlin 1936
  • Deutsche Moore , Borntraeger, Berlin 1932
  • Moorkunde , De Gruyter 1924 (Göschen Collection)
  • Alluvium: Fundamental and programmatic geology of the most recent geological epoch , Borntraeger 1930
  • Publisher: Handbuch der Moorkunde , several volumes, Berlin, Borntraeger, from 1929
  • Geological local history of Pomerania , 2 volumes, Greifswald, Moninger 1924, 1925
  • Contributions to The History of Development of the Earth , 2 volumes, Werner Dausien Verlag, Hanau and Edition Leipzig 1971


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Harry Waibel : Servants of many masters. Former Nazi functionaries in the Soviet Zone / GDR. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2011, ISBN 978-3-631-63542-1 , pp. 57-58.