Lasic language

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spoken in

TurkeyTurkey Turkey , Georgia
speaker approx. 22,000 - 250,000
Official status
Official language in -
Language codes
ISO 639 -1


ISO 639 -2


ISO 639-3


The Lasic language ( Lasish : ლაზური ნენა lazuri nena ; Turkish Lazca , Georgian ლაზური ენა ) is a South Caucasian language spoken by the Lasen people in the extreme northeast of Turkey and southwest Georgia . The language is closely related to Mingrelian .

The Turkish dialect in the Black Sea region is also known colloquially as "Lasisch" ( lazca ).

Regional distribution

South Caucasian languages ​​with an approximate distribution of Lasic (light green in the southwest). Map based on the Linguarium project at Lomonosov University .
The settlement area of ​​the Lasen in northeastern Turkey

Regionally, the language is spoken in Rize , Samsun , Trabzon , Tonya, Pazar (Atina), Ardeşen (Artaşeni), Çamlıhemşin (Vijadibi), Fındıklı (Viзe), Arhavi (Arxabi), Hopa (Xopa) and Borçka . Due to the migration of the Lasen there are also speakers in villages in the provinces of Artvin , Bartın , Zonguldak , Sakarya , Kocaeli , Bolu . In Georgia, Lasish is spoken in Adjara . There are also speakers in Belgium , France , the USA , Austria and Germany .

Linguistic characteristics

The hallmark of this language is a very complex sound system with a large number of different consonants . There are more Turkish and Greek loan words than in Mingrelian.


Lasian intellectuals in Turkey developed a script based on the new Turkish alphabet . Local newspapers in Arhavi appear with this font . In Georgia, the Georgian alphabet is used for Lasic .

Political situation

initial situation

Over time, Lasic has been influenced by the Turkish and Greek languages , which can be attributed to common settlement areas. The fact that there was no uniform Lasic language teaching in the Lasi area of ​​Turkey means that the dialects differ from place to place.

Lasisch is not an official minority, official or lingua franca. It is only used by the Lasi minority .

There is no possibility of Lasic language education in schools. Many Lasen recognize the Turkish language as an official language , but would welcome additional lessons in their language. The latest educational policy enables students in grades 5–6 to choose Lasisch as electives.


Lasisch-speaking musicians such as Birol Topaloğlu (* 1965) and Kâzım Koyuncu (1971–2005) have reached a wide audience with their songs. In addition, Lasic websites, books, newspapers and radio broadcasts aim to generate interest in this language. “Lasic rock music” is very popular.


  • Heinz Fähnrich (Ed.): Kartwelsprachen. Old Georgian, New Georgian, Mingrelian, Lasisch, Swanian . Reichert, Wiesbaden 2008, ISBN 978-3-89500-653-1 .
  • Georgij A. Klimov: Introduction to Caucasian Linguistics . Buske, Hamburg 1994, ISBN 3-87548-060-0 (from the Russian by Jost Gippert).

Web links

Wiktionary: Lasisch  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ISO 639-3 lzz 2014. Languages ​​of the World . In: Ethnologue
  2. Kazim Koyuncu and Lazish Music ( Memento November 11, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In:
  3. Ildikó Bellér-Hann: Turkish region. James Currey Publishers, 2001, ISBN 978-0-85255-279-7 , p. 11. Limited preview in Google Book Search
  4. Lazlar 2 / Sayfa 60 ( Memento from September 3, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In:
  5. Ashley Carter: Musician Tries to Preserve Heritage - The Purdue Exponent November 6, 2001 ( January 17, 2007 memento in the Internet Archive ) In: