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Coat of arms of Littau
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton lucerneCanton lucerne Lucerne (LU)
Constituency : Lucerne city
Residential municipality : Lucernei2
Postal code : 6014
UN / LOCODE : CH LIT (Littau)

CH RBU (Reussbühl)

Coordinates : 662266  /  211449 coordinates: 47 ° 3 '4 "  N , 8 ° 15' 29"  O ; CH1903:  662266  /  211449
Height : 511  m above sea level M.
Area : 13.25  km²
Residents: 17,224 (December 31, 2009)i
Population density : 1300 inhabitants per km²
Littau (Switzerland)
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Parish before the merger on January 1, 2010

Littau is an urban district of the political municipality of Lucerne . Until December 31, 2009 Littau was an independent political municipality in the Lucerne Office of the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland . The parish number was 1060.

According to the decision of the sovereign in the referendum of June 17, 2007, the municipality of Littau merged with the city of Lucerne on January 1, 2010 . The new Lucerne districts Littau and Reussbühl keep their postcodes.


Aerial photo by Walter Mittelholzer (before 1937)

The former municipality is located in the west and north-west of the city of Lucerne. The Reuss forms its eastern border . In addition, part of the border with Emmen runs along the Kleine Emme . The Kleine Emme joins the Reuss from the left at the Reussbühl district . At Haldenweid the border leaves the Kleine Emme and leads several kilometers in a north-westerly direction to the source of the Buzibach . From there it turns southwest to the hamlet of Sagenhübeli and Rüteli just before Hellbühl . Going south-east, it finally comes to the Thorenberg Canal and the Kleiner Emme. The whole area is called Littauerberg because it is located on an undulating plateau. The western border runs along the course of the Renggbach . From Renggloch it follows the northern slope of the Sonnenberg in an easterly direction to the Gütschwald . From the Gütschwald she goes back to the Reuss.

The main settlements are in the area between Kleiner Emme, Reuss and Sonnenberg. Because on the Littauerboden the settlements consist of single farmsteads and groups of houses.

Officially there were three localities:

  • Littau
  • Reussbühl
  • Reusshal

The Reusshal district lies on the Reuss, which is bordered to the west by the wooded Zimmeregg . To the west of it, on the road from Lucerne to Malters, lies Rönnimoos . This has grown together with the subsequent Littau village . Both are slightly elevated.

To the north of the village lies the Littauer Boden in the valley below . This area between Kleiner Emme, Reuss and Zimmeregg is divided into different quarters. The largest of these is Reussbühl . To the north of it, across from Emmenbaum (municipality of Emmen), lies Rothen . The Red Forest lies on a loop of the Kleine Emme . In the last few decades, several new quarters have emerged directly below Littau Dorf. First at the train station, today more and more in Littauer Boden west of Reussbühl. There is a large industrial zone on the Kleine Emme.

Apart from a few small forest areas in the Littauerberg, only the Zimmeregg (with the Zimmeregg Forest ), the northern slope of the Sonnenberg and the Red Forest are covered by forest.

A quarter (24.8%) of the former municipal area of ​​1328 ha is settlement area. 21.1% are covered by forest and trees. And 52.3% of the community area is used for agriculture.

Littau bordered Emmen , Kriens , the city of Lucerne , Malters and Neuenkirch .


development 1798–2004
year Residents
1798 668
1837 1,104
1850 1,314
1860 1,644
1870 2,050
1880 2,661
1888 3,293
1900 3,699
1910 4,272
1920 4,365
1930 5,036
1941 5'131
1950 5,644
1960 8,715
1970 13,495
1980 14,996
1990 15'432
1995 15,600
2000 15,929
2004 16'020

Population development

The population doubled between 1798 and 1850 (1798–1850: +96.7%). Until the merger with the city of Lucerne, there was constant population growth. Between 1850 and 1900 it was 181.5% when Littau became the destination of the rural migrant population. At that time, large industrial companies emerged in Littauer Boden, in Rothen and in the neighboring Emmenweid (municipality of Emmen) that required a large number of workers. The population increase continued in the first half of the 20th century in a weaker form (1900–1950: +52.6%). Within the next twenty years, Littau went from village to city (1950–1970: + 139.1%). Population growth has assumed more moderate forms since 1980 (1980–2000: +6.2%) and has stagnated for the first time in 200 years since 2000.


The population uses a highly Alemannic dialect in everyday life . In the last census in 2000, 75.64% said German , 6.23% Italian and 5.96% Serbo-Croatian as their main language.

Religions, denominations

In the past, the entire population was a member of the Roman Catholic Church. This has changed as a result of leaving the church and immigration from other regions in Switzerland and abroad. Today (as of 2000) the religious situation looks like this. There are 63.75% Roman Catholic, 10.31% Evangelical Reformed and 5.85% Orthodox Christians. In addition, there are 7.97% Muslims, 5.43% non-religious and 1.42% followers of other non-Christian denominations.

Population by nationality (2000 census)
nationality Number
without dual citizens
with dual citizens
Switzerland 9,543 10,454
Serbia and Montenegro 1,484 1,562
Italy 1,143 1,503
Portugal 505 515
Bosnia Herzegovina 860 900
Croatia 401 431
Spain 385 417
Sri Lanka 291 313
Macedonia 252 294
Germany 134 189
Turkey 122 163
Austria 46 65

The majority of the Muslims are Albanians from Kosovo and Macedonia and Bosniaks; But there are also many Turks, Kurds, Arabs and Somalis. The majority of the Orthodox are Serbs and Montenegrins. Some Macedonians and Greeks join them. The majority of the followers of other non-Christian denominations are Hindus of Tamil origin. There are also some Buddhists of Vietnamese and Chinese origins among them.

Origin and nationality

Of the 16,020 inhabitants at the end of 2004, 10,291 were Swiss and 5,729 (= 35.8%) were foreigners. At the time of the merger with the city of Lucerne, the community had the highest proportion of foreigners of all Lucerne communities. In the districts of Reussthal and Fluhmühle, a majority of the residents are of foreign origin. In Reussbühl, Littau Dorf and the districts in Littauer Boden, on the other hand, the proportion of foreigners is far below the average for the municipality. At the last census of the year, 59.91% (including dual citizens 65.63%) were Swiss citizens. The distribution to the most important nationalities can be seen in the table opposite.


Littau offers a wide range of cultural activities; in addition to football and sports clubs, Littau also has two yodel choirs and a music society.

FC Littau

The Littau football club has existed since 1957 and has four adult teams and one women's team as well as 17 junior teams.

FC Südstern

The second football club in Littau has existed since 1930, but not yet with its current name, the club was then called FC Red Star Littau. But when it became known that an FC Red Star already existed in Zurich, the club decided to change its name in 1932, which is still in place today - FC Südstern.

Gymnastics Association STV Littau

Whether multi-sport, competitive or popular sport. From young and ambitious to experienced and energetic, all gymnasts keep fit and enjoy our wide and varied range of 10 different classes.

Men's gymnastics club Littau

The men's gymnastics club Littau was founded in 1949. Since its foundation, gymnastics and social contact among like-minded people have been in the foreground.

So the motto is still today: Make yourself smart and come on!

Littau yodel club

The aim and purpose of the club is to preserve old Swiss characteristics and customs such as yodelling in groups, singles and duets. Maintaining good comradeship and making the population happy with our songs. To be there for each other in good times and bad.

Yodelling party Ruopige Reussbühl

The yodelling club Jodlerfründe Ruopige has set itself the goal of cultivating yodelling singing and customs. Our yodelling club is characterized by the joy of singing and the openness to folk songs in general. Comradeship, loyalty and common leisure activities are our strengths. Our goal is to bring yodelling to the general public.

Littau Music Society

The Littau Music Society was founded in Littau in 1912. It has contributed a lot to the cultural life of the Littau community and is very important to the community. The MGL has been playing harmony in the 1st class for several years. The MGL currently has 50 active members with an average age of 33 years and maintains a very good camaraderie. The MGL's repertoire includes original compositions as well as challenging light music and of course marches.

The annual program includes the following appearances and activities:

  • Annual concert with two concert evenings (each end of November)
  • Children's concert with storyteller (end of November)
  • Church concert in the parish church Littau (mid-March)
  • Participation in federal and cantonal music festivals
  • Music serenades on church occasions: White Sunday, Confirmation, Corpus Christi, Confirmation
  • Participation in Littau Carnival (marquee on the village square)

The Littau Music Society has been under the musical direction of Silvia Riebli since January 2018. The association is chaired by Mathias Vassali. He is supported by a five-person board of directors and a music commission.

Other clubs

There are countless other associations and clubs in Littau, here is a short, incomplete list:

Fire brigade, young watch, blue ring, tennis club, boccia club, handball, volleyball club, basketball, floorball, baseball club, hand organ club, mountain choir, dog club, shooting club, women's community, evening circle, Klaus society, Tychler, Guggenmusiken [Gögguschränzer, Löchlitramper, Rootseemöve, Zöpflige Schärbeler, Rüssbölle] ...


Littau train station

Littau is on the Lucerne – Bern railway line and has a train station. However, public transport mainly uses the Lucerne trolleybus and various bus routes. Reussthal and Reussbühl are on trolleybus line 2 (Lucerne train station - Emmenbrücke Sprengi). Rönnimoos and Littau Dorf are served by bus line 12 of the Lucerne transport company (Luzern Bahnhof-Littau Gasshof). Littauer Boden can be reached by bus route 40 from Auto AG Rothenburg (Waldibrücke Emmen-Flugzeugwerke Emmen-Emmen Center-Littau Dorf-Littau train station), bus route 41 on the local bus Emmen / Emmenbrücke (Emmebrücke Schönbühl-Emmen Center-Littau train station) and the S -Bahn line 6 (Lucerne – Langenthal) connected to the public transport network.

Part of the former community (Littau Dorf and others) lies on the Lucerne – Malters – Wolhusen road. The districts in the Reuss valley are on the Lucerne – Emmenbrücke road. The next motorway connections Emmen-Süd and Luzern-Zentrum are only a few kilometers away.


House in the center of Littau

Littau was one of the dinghouses of the Benedictine monastery in the courtyard in Lucerne , but it is historically mentioned under the name Litowo for the first time in 1178 in a deed of foundation of the city of Lucerne's people priests. The Murbach monastery in Alsace ruled for centuries. In 1291 the Habsburgs acquired the community. The Lords of Littau ruled in their name. After the Lucerne and Bernese snatched Aargau from the Habsburgs in 1415, the last remnant of influence on the part of the Habsburgs disappeared. In the following decades Littau was in the hands of various noble families from Lucerne and was taken over by the city of Lucerne in 1481. Littau was a very rebellious property and took part both in the so-called onion war in 1513 and in the peasants' war in 1653. Until 1798, Littau formed a Lucerne bailiff together with the neighboring municipality of Malters . It has belonged to the Lucerne Office since 1803 . The foundation for the Sonderbund was laid in Rothen in 1843 . In the years 1844 and 1845 fighting took place on Littau soil as part of the free troop marches. In 1847 federal troops were billeted to stop the Sonderbund.

On June 17, 2007, the people of Littau decided in a referendum to merge their municipality with the city of Lucerne . On January 1st, 2010 Littau became part of the city of Lucerne and ceased to exist as an independent municipality. The quarter and field names, however, remain and the municipal coat of arms may continue to be used locally, without any official function. In contrast, the postal locations 6014 Littau and 6015 Reussbühl have disappeared and replaced by 6014 Lucerne, respectively. 6015 Lucerne has been replaced.

Folk tale

A wealthy family named Marün gave the community a wooden bell for the church that was being rebuilt. When you tried to "hit" her for the first time, there was of course no sound. The people of the community took to the street to the church and shouted "Lüt au", "Lüt au". And this is how the name of the municipality Littau should have come about.

Mast No. 301

Mast number 301 ⊙ of the Innertkirchen – Littau – Mettlen overhead line, erected in Littau at the end of 1990, is the highest spun concrete mast in the world. It is 59.5 meters high and weighs 307 tons. The mast designed as a portal mast with three cross members is a guy mast that is designed to accommodate two 380 kV and one 110 kV circuits.



  • Barbara Hennig, André Meyer: Art Monuments of Switzerland Volume 116. "The Art Monuments of the Canton of Lucerne, Volume II: The Office of Lucerne. The rural communities" . Society for Swiss Art History GSK, Bern 2009, ISBN 978-3-906131-90-0 , pp. 271-300.

Web links

Commons : Littau  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ List of localities in Switzerland
  2. ^ Littau Music Society. In: Retrieved December 4, 2014 .