Lubomír Štrougal

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Lubomír Štrougal (2012)

Lubomír Štrougal (born October 19, 1924 in Veselí nad Lužnicí ) is a former communist functionary and politician of Czechoslovakia .


Štrougal studied law at the Charles University in Prague from 1945 to 1949 . During his student days he became an employee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) in 1948 .

Between 1957 and 1959 he was first secretary of the KSČ regional committee Budweis . In 1958 he became a member and between 1965 and 1970 secretary of the Central Committee of KSČ.

In 1959, Štrougal was appointed Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management. In 1961 he changed departments in the Viliam Široký III government and took over the Ministry of the Interior until 1965. As Minister of the Interior, between 1964 and 1965, Štrougal prevented investigations into crimes committed by the security organs in 1948 and 1949, including the murder of three political prisoners.

After Ludvík Svoboda was elected President, Štrougal was Deputy Prime Minister from April 1968 to 1970 and was chairman of the ČSSR Economic Council until 1969. Štrougal was Prime Minister of the ČSSR between 1970 and 1988.

Štrougal was hostile to the invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops to suppress the Prague Spring . In the following years he took a position of normalizing relations with the socialist brother countries . As Prime Minister, the pragmatist Štrougal was seen as the opposite of the ideological hardliner Gustáv Husák . In October 1988 he resigned from the office of Prime Minister after internal party differences with Miloš Jakeš . His successor was Ladislav Adamec .

Štrougal withdrew completely from politics and ran the lonely homestead Na Kobyle (Kobelhütte) in Kořenov in the Jizera Mountains .

After the political turning point , Štrougal was charged with frustrating punishment and abuse of office during his time as Interior Minister of the Czechoslovakia. The trial against him ended in July 2002 with an acquittal for lack of evidence. He is the most senior politician in the former Czechoslovakia against whom charges have been brought.

See also


  1. Biographical data: Lubomír ŠTROUGAL
  2. Former CSSR Prime Minister Strougal acquitted  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  

Web links

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