Černík, who joined the CPČ shortly after the Second World War , was elected a member of the Central Committee (ZK) of the CP in 1956 . He earned a reputation as a capable technocrat and was appointed Minister for Fuels in the government of Viliam Široký in 1960 after the Czechoslovak Republic was renamed the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) . In this function, he represented the view of a necessary decentralization of the planned economy, among others, and was thus one of the driving forces behind internal reforms. In 1966 he was elected a member of the Presidium of the KPČ.
After the beginning of the Prague Spring , he was appointed Prime Minister on April 8, 1968 by the First Secretary of the Communist Party, Alexander Dubček , to succeed Jozef Lenárt and led his first government . In this position, as a representative of the center of the party, he tried to achieve reconciliation between the different camps of the party. After the invasion of the Soviet army units in August 1968 to crush the Prague Spring, he was captured with a number of other politicians and taken to the USSR . After his return he tried to continue his balancing political style by asking his compatriots for cooperation and publicly supporting the unity of the ČSSR with the USSR, but on the other hand continuing to promise economic reforms. At the same time, he distanced himself from the "mistakes" that he and others have made. Despite this about- face in his views, his third government was replaced by Lubomír Štrougal on January 28, 1970 , and he was also expelled from the CPČ in late 1970.
However, his efforts to continue his political career after the collapse of the communist regime in 1989 were unsuccessful.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Czechoslovak politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 27, 1921|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ostrava|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 19, 1994|
|Place of death||Prague , Czech Republic|