Ludwik Zejszner

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ludwik Zejszner

Ludwik Zejszner , also Ludwig Zeuschner , (born August 15, 1803 in Warsaw , † January 3, 1871 in Cracow ) was a Polish mineralogist , geologist , cartographer and university professor .


Zejszner, son of German-born Hof Pharmacist King Stanislaus II. August Poniatowski , went to a two-year study at the philosophical faculty of the University of Warsaw to Berlin , where he attended the Friedrich-Wilhelms University in Berlin science and philosophy studied and Hegel and Ritter personally got to know. In 1826 he moved to the University of Göttingen , where he received his doctorate in 1829 with his dissertation on a topic of crystallography . In the dispute ofNeptunists with the plutonists , he took the side of the plutonists.

In 1829 Zejszner became head of the chair of mineralogy at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow. During the November uprising of 1830/1831 he campaigned for Polish independence, after which he was dismissed in 1833. He was then the mining director of the Krakow Republic . In 1848 he returned to the Jagiellonian University. In 1857 he became an employee of the Warsaw Medical - Surgical Academy and the State Geological Bureau, where he made maps and investigated deposits . He created the first geological map of the Tatra Mountains , which was later used in their maps by Roderick Murchison and Wilhelm von Haidinger .

Zejszner returned to Galicia after the January uprising of 1863/1864, which he rejected, and worked in the Carpathian oil industry .

In 1870 Zejszner returned to Krakow. On January 3, 1871, he was murdered by his servant, although the background remained unclear. He was buried in the Rakowicki Cemetery.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Krzysztof Zielnica: Alexander von Humboldt and the Polish naturalists in Galicia . In: Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin yearbook 1981/82 . Quadriga Verlag , 1983, ISBN 3-88679-300-1 , p. 303-329 .
  2. Marek Graniczny, Joanna Kacprzak, Halina Urban, Piotr Krzywiec: Ludwik Zejszner - wybitny człowiek i przyrodnik, any such Pionierów kartografii geologicznej w Polsce . In: Przegląd Geologiczny . tape 55 , no. 11 , 2007, p. 925-932 .
  3. Jan Widacki : stulecie polskich detektywów . Wydawnictwo Wawelskie, Krakow 1992, ISBN 83-8534704-6 .