Manfred Görg

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Manfred Görg (theologian and Egyptologist)

Manfred Görg (born September 8, 1938 in Blankenfelde , Teltow-Fläming district ; † September 17, 2012 in Munich ) was a German Roman Catholic Old Testament scholar and Egyptologist .


After graduating from high school, Görg studied Catholic theology in Bonn , Würzburg and Paderborn from 1957 . In 1963 he was ordained a priest in Paderborn and then served in the community until 1968. His doctoral thesis was written while he was still a student, after which he passed the theological doctoral examination in Bonn in 1965 . From 1968 to 1972 he worked as a research assistant at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum and studied Egyptology at the University of Bonn . In 1972 he completed his habilitation in Bochum for Old Testament exegesis and was appointed university lecturer. In 1974 the doctorate to Dr. phil. and the appointment as an adjunct professor in Bochum. In 1975 he followed a call to the chair for Old Testament sciences at the University of Bamberg . In 1984 he was a visiting professor at the Free University of Berlin . From 1985 until his retirement in 2003 he was full professor for Old Testament theology at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich and head of the Institute for Biblical Exegesis.

Görg founded the journal Biblische Notizen in 1976 . Contributions to the exegetical discussion and in 1979 the series Egypt and Old Testament. Studies on the history, culture and religion of Egypt and the Old Testament . In 1980 he became deputy chairman of the German Palestine Association , and in 1984 chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Catholic Biblical Works . Regarding official church positions on questions of celibacy and the relationship between the Catholic and Protestant churches, he took critical positions. As an author and editor, Görg published more than 1,300 books, articles, reviews and contributions by 2008. His last work included identifying what he believed to be the oldest mention of the name "Israel" in an Egyptian hieroglyphic inscription from the early 18th dynasty (around 1400 BC).

In addition to his scientific work, Manfred Görg was always interested in passing on his findings to interested laypeople. The result was a series of easily understandable written books to incorporate elements of the Egyptian religion of the Pharaohs into the Bible. Another topic of such books was the examination of the more difficult aspects of the divine form.

Voluntary commitment to interreligious dialogue accompanied his scientific work. In 2001, Görg and Stefan Jakob Wimmer and other long-term employees and colleagues founded the Association of Friends of Abraham in Munich , which is registered as a non-profit association and , on the basis of religious history, endeavors to promote dialogue, especially between Christians, Jews and Muslims. For the Friends of Abraham he was editor of the magazine Blätter Abrahams together with Wimmer . Contributions to interreligious dialogue . Most recently he formulated an interreligious creed for Jews, Christians and Muslims . This commitment is also available in printed form from K.-J. Kuschel: Feast at the heavenly table - How celebrating meals unites Jews, Christians and Muslims .

Görg was a founding member of the Nietzsche Forum Munich.


A commemorative publication for Manfred Görg was published in 2014 under the title Vom Leben encompassed: Egypt, the Old Testament and the Conversation of Religions , edited by Stefan Jakob Wimmer and Georg Gafus.

In 2015 the Friends of Abrahams - Society for Research on the History of Religions and Interreligious Dialogue launched the Manfred Görg Prize for Research on the History of Religions and Interreligious Dialogue ; it was first awarded to Stephan Leimgruber and Barbara Peveling . In 2018 the prize went to Rabbi Steven Langnas , the Islamic theologian Gönül Yerli and the high school graduate Benedikt Breil .

Publications (selection)

  • God-King speeches in Israel and Egypt. Stuttgart 1975 (= habilitation thesis. Bochum 1971/72).
  • Studies on the Biblical Egyptian Religious History. Stuttgart 1992.
  • (Ed.): New Bible Lexicon. 3 volumes. Düsseldorf 1991-2001.
  • The barque of the sun. Religion in ancient Egypt. Freiburg 2001.
  • Egyptian religion. Roots, ways, effects. Stuttgart 2007.
  • Myth and Mythology. Studies in the history of religion and theology. Wiesbaden 2010.


  • Bibliography Manfred Görg. List of publications 1960–2003. Compiled by Georg Gafus. Munich 2003
  • List of publications by Manfred Görg 2004–2008. In: Leaves of Abraham , No. 7, 2008.
  • Timofey Neshitov: priests who don't just preach. Portrait. In: future. No. 21, April 2008 ( online ).
  • Ulrike Bechmann : Obituary for Prof. DDr. Manfred Görg: "Religion obliges us to be open". In: Biblical Notes 155, 2012, pp. 145–148.
  • Karl-Josef Kuschel : In memoriam Manfred Görg. In: Festmahl am Himmeltisch - How celebrating meals unites Jews, Christians and Muslims. Patmos, Ostfildern 2013, ISBN 978-3-8436-0366-9 , p. 160.
  • Stefan Jakob Wimmer , Georg Gafus (ed.): “Embraced by life”: Egypt, the Old Testament and the discussion of religions (= Egypt and Old Testament 80). Ugarit Verlag, Münster 2014, ISBN 978-3-8683-5119-4 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Timofey Neshitov: Priests Who Don't Just Preach. Portrait in: Future. No. 21, April 2008, accessed September 19, 2012
  2. Knut Backhaus: Prof. Dr. Dr. Manfred Görg passed away . ( Memento of March 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Obituary on the website of the University of Munich, September 19, 2012, accessed on January 13, 2016.
  3. Manfred Görg: Israel in hieroglyphs. In: ders .: Mythos und Mythologie (= Egypt and Old Testament 70). Wiesbaden 2010, pp. 251-258.
    Peter van der Veen, Christoffer Theis, Manfred Görg: Israel in Canaan (long) before Pharaoh Merenptah? A fresh look at Berlin Statue Pedestal Relief 21687 . In: Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 2/4, 2010, pp. 15-21.
    Hershel Shanks: When Did Ancient Israel Begin? New Hieroglyphic Inscription May Date Israel's Ethnogenesis 200 Years Earlier Than You Thought. In: Biblical Archeology Review , Jan./Feb, 2012, pp. 59-62, 67.
  4. Manfred Görg: Myth, Faith and History. The images of the Christian creed and their roots in ancient Egypt. Patmos, Düsseldorf 1998, ISBN 978-3-491-69010-3 ; Manfred Görg: Egyptian Goose and Holy Spirit. Images of creation in Israel and Egypt. Patmos, Düsseldorf 1997, ISBN 3-491-77023-8 ; Manfred Görg: A house in the realm of the dead. Concepts of the afterlife in Israel and Egypt Patmos, Düsseldorf 1998, ISBN 3-491-72398-1 .
  5. Manfred Görg: In Abraham's lap. Christianity without the New Testament. Patmos, Düsseldorf 1993, ISBN 3-491-77933-2 ; Manfred Görg: The unhealthy God. The Bible under the spell of violence. Patmos, Düsseldorf 1995, ISBN 3-491-77970-7 .
  6. ^ Manfred Görg: An interreligious confession. In: Abrahams Post Herbst / Winter 2012/13, p. 27, online , accessed on September 21, 2012
  7. People of the day: Stephan Leimgruber and Barbara Peveling receive the Manfred Görg Prize from the Friends of Abraham . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung 24./25. October 2015.
    Manfred Görg Prize for research on the history of religion and interreligious dialogue . Friends of Abraham, accessed January 11, 2016.
  8. Curious about interreligious dialogue mk accessed online on September 30, 2018