Metropolitana di Milano
The Metropolitana di Milano is the subway system of the second largest Italian city, Milan . Opened in November 1964 as the second Italian metro, the standard-gauge rail transport operated by ATM Milano forms the urban express transport network with four lines in addition to the S-Bahn . The line-dependent use of power rails or overhead lines is characteristic of the Milanese subway system .
M1 (red line)
The red line was opened as the first Milan underground line on November 1st, 1964 between Marelli and Lotto . At that time, the route was 11.8 km long and had 21 stations. Just two years later, a branch line between the Pagano and Gambara stations was put into operation. The red line (also M1) was extended further in the following years. In 1975, both line branches were expanded at the same time to QT8 and Inganni respectively . In 1980 it went to San Leonardo and in 1986 to Molino Dorino and Sesto FS . In 1992 the branch line was expanded from Inganni to Bisceglie . In 2006 the other branch line was expanded from Molino Dorino to the new exhibition center near Rho .
M2 (green line)
The green line was originally a tram between Vaprio d'Adda and Cassano d'Adda. In 1969 the construction work for the conversion into a subway ended. At that time the M2 line was opened between Caiazzo and Cascina Gobba . In 1970/1971 the green line was built further into the center to Porta Garibaldi station. At that time - as it is today - the green line crossed the existing M1 line at its Loreto stop .
In 1972 one of the longest metro expansions took place: the M2 was extended to the northeast outside the urban area to Gorgonzola . A workshop for the green line was also built there.
In 1978 a second crossing with the red line (M1) was built at Cadorna station. Now the two underground lines formed the typical fish bubble network .
In 1981, similar to the red line, a branch line was built up to the current terminus at Cologno Nord .
The M2 was then extended to Porta Genova in 1983 and to Romolo and the neighboring town of Gessate in 1985 . In 1994 there was again an extension to Famagosta . On March 17, 2005 the extension branch to Piazza Abbiategrasso went into operation, on February 20, 2011 that to Assago-Milanofiori .
M3 (yellow line)
The yellow line of the Milan subway network was opened on May 1, 1990 between Centrale FS (main station) and Duomo as a shuttle service. Just seven months later, in December 1990, regular operations began with an extension to Porta Romana .
On March 26, 2011, the M3 from Maciachini was extended by four stations to Comasina .
The yellow line is completely barrier-free for the disabled.
M5 (purple line)
The M5 has stretched from Bignami in the northeast to the San Siro stadium since 2015. In contrast to the other lines, the M5 runs fully automatically ("driverless", such as line C of the Metro in Rome ).
The first section of the M5 line went into operation on February 10, 2013. It comprised 4.1 km and 7 stations and extends from Bignami in the northeast to Zara. The Bignami line to the San Siro stadium has been fully operational since November 14, 2015. It has a length of 12.9 km and serves 19 stations.
The purple line is also completely barrier-free for the disabled.
Expansion and plans
- M1, extension Sesto I Maggio ↔ Monza Bettola ; 1.9 km, 2 stations, until 2019
- M4, new line San Cristoforo ↔ Linate Airport ; 15.2 km, 21 stations, until 2022
- M1, extension Bisceglie ↔ Baggio ; 3 km, 3 stations
- M2, extension Cologno Nord ↔ Vimercate ; 9.7 km, 5 stations
- M2, extension Gessate ↔ Trezzo sull'Adda ; 8 km, 4 stations
- M3, extension San Donato ↔ Paullo Est ; 14.8 km, 6 stations
- M5, extension Bignami ↔ Monza Bettola ; 6.3 km, 5 stations
- M5, extension of the San Siro Stadium ↔ Settimo Milanese ; 4.5 km, 4 stations
Other means of transport in Milan
There is also a 2-station mini-metro in Milan from the Cascina Gobba metro station to the Ospedale / San Raffaele stop . It is a funicular from Poma Italia (now Agudio). Sometimes it is also referred to as the Metro San Raffaele .
In contrast to the M2 and M3, the M1 has a different power system. It is operated with a lateral power rail for power consumption and another rail in the middle of the track for energy recovery. It also runs on direct current with a voltage of 750 volts . The M5 line also uses a side busbar.
The M2 and M3, on the other hand, have a pantograph on the roof of the car . The two underground lines are also operated with direct current, but with a contact wire voltage of 1500 volts.
There are currently six company workshops:
- Deposito Gallaratese (M1)
- Deposito Precotto (M1)
- Deposito Famagosta (M2)
- Deposito Cologno Nord (M2)
- Deposito Gorgonzola (M2)
- Deposito San Donato (M3)
- Giorgio Meregalli: Gli impianti ferroviari della linea 2 della Metropolitana di Milano . In: Ingegneria Ferroviaria , May 1971, p. 469.
- Alessandro Muratori: La linea 2 si allunga . In: I Treni Oggi No. 35, January 1984. Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie, pp. 12-13.
- Note flash. In: I Treni Oggi No. 50, May 1985. Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie, p. 6.
- Metropolitana più lunga. In: "I Treni" No. 15 (December 1994), p. 10
- Sergio Viganò: Al via le metrotranvie Nord e Sud . In: I Treni No. 258, April 2004. Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie, p. 12.
- Sergio Viganò, Metropolitane in crescita, a Milano ... In: I Treni No. 337, May 2011. Editrice Trasporti su Rotaie, pp. 20-25.
- ATM - Linea M5 ( Memento of the original dated February 8, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Pag. 8 ( Memento of the original from January 31, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Line network metro and S-Bahn (2005) (PDF; 1.42 MB)
- Official operator website ( Italian / English )
- Fansite of the Milan Metro
- The Milan Metro at Urbanrail.net
- The Milan Metro at Cityrailways.net Italian
- The railway stations and subways in Milan