Mondeuse or Mondeuse Noire is a red wine variety that is primarily grown in the French wine-growing region of Savoy . It is an old, autochthonous variety. Due to their age, numerous synonyms are known. The ampelographer Roy-Chevrier even suspected that the Mondeuse was the Allobrogicae described by Pliny the Elder . This honor can also go to the Syrah or the Nebbiolo vine. Mondeuse provides with yield restrictions of max. 60 hectoliters / hectare peppery, brightly colored and alcoholic wines that can age well. In France it is approved in the Vin de Savoie and Vin du Bugey appellations . The forested area there amounts to a total of approx. 301 hectares (status 2007, source ONIVINS) Small stands are also known in Australia (approx. 12 hectares) and in Switzerland (3.63 hectares, status 2007, source: Office fédéral de l ' agriculture OFAG known.
In California (→ Viticulture in California ) there is a stock of approx. 40 hectares. Here it is mistakenly called Refosco . According to Pierre Galet , however, it is not related to the Refosco variety, which is widespread in Friuli Italy . However, he recognizes a certain relationship to the Muscardin grape variety , which is known in the Rhone valley .
There is also a grape variety Mondeuse Blanche , a white grape variety that is not a mutation of Mondeuse Noire. According to José Vouillamoz , however, both varieties are in a parent-child relationship. Louis Levadoux, a French ampelographer, assigned Mondeuse to the “famille des Sérines” grape variety family, which also includes the Syrah , Roussanne , Viognier , Altesse and Marsanne blanche varieties . Accordingly, the variety would come from the south-east of France. In the past, a Mondeuse Grise was described by the ampelographer Pulliat, but it is believed to have died out.
The Mondeuse grape variety is also known under the names Argilliere, Begeain, Begean, Chétuan, Chintuan, Cotillon des Dames, Gascon (but not to be confused with the Gascon grape variety ), Grand Chétuan, Grand Picot, Gris Picot, Gros Chétuan, Gros Plant, Gros Rouge du Pays, Grosse Sirah, Gueyne, Languedoc, Maldoux, Mandouze, Marcelin, Margilien, Marlanche Noire, Marsanne Ronde, Marve, Maudoux, Meximieux, Molette Noir, Morlanche, Mouteuse, Parcense, Persagne, Persaigne, Persanne, Pinot Vache, Prossaigne , Rouget, Salanaise, Savoète, Savoyanche, Savoyange, Savoyanne, Savoyard, Savoyet, Syrah Grosse, Tournarin, Tournerin, Tresseau and Vache are known.
- LES CEPAGES NOIRS DANS LE VIGNOBLE (PDF) ( Memento from January 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 1, publication of the OFFICE NATIONAL INTERPROFESSIONNEL DES FRUITS, DES LEGUMES, DES VINS ET DE L'HORTICULTURE - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008.
- LES CEPAGES NOIRS DANS LE VIGNOBLE (PDF) ( Memento from March 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), statistics on red grape varieties per greater region, part 2, publication of the OFFICE NATIONAL INTERPROFESSIONNEL DES FRUITS, DES LEGUMES, DES VINS ET DE L'HORTICULTURE - ONIVINS for short, as of 2008.
- The wine year 2008 ( Memento of the original from July 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Editor Office fédéral de l'agriculture OFAG)
- Arbre généalogique de la Syrah by José Vouillamoz (PDF) ( Memento of May 30, 2009 in the Internet Archive ).
- Mondeuse in the database Vitis International Variety Catalog of the Institute for Vine Breeding Geilweilerhof (English)