Moscow Kiev train station
|Moscow Kiev train station|
View of the front of the station building
|Location in the network||Terminus|
|Platform tracks||9 (long-distance train)
4 (local trains)
|opening||1899 → 1918|
|City / municipality||Moscow|
|City with subject status||Moscow|
|Coordinates||55 ° 44 '33 " N , 37 ° 33' 52" E|
|List of train stations in Russia|
The Kiev railway station ( Russian Киевский вокзал / Kijewski Vokzal ) is a terminal station in the Russian capital Moscow . It was built between 1914 and 1918. It was called Brjansker Bahnhof until 1934 and was then named after Kiev , today's capital of Ukraine.
The station is located on the right bank of the Moscow River in Moscow's western administrative district . The Kutuzov Prospect , an arterial road to the west, runs near the train station . There are also three metro stations in the immediate vicinity of the train station . These are called Kievskaya (Cyrillic Киевская ) and are served by metro lines 3 , 4 and ring line 5 .
The reason for the construction of the station was the ever-increasing number of passengers on the railway line from Moscow to Bryansk, which was relocated in the 1890s and put into operation in 1899. The operation of the line made a new terminus station necessary to serve them. In the first few years after it went into operation, the Brjansker station , as it was then called, was housed in a temporary functional building that soon could no longer meet the requirements. Furthermore, the locomotives of that time needed so much time between arrival and departure that many terminal stations needed more than 15 tracks to be able to offer them parking spaces.
In 1912, the railway administration approved funds for the construction of a new central station for the Moscow-Brjansker route. It was built in the same place as the old one, on what was then the western outskirts of Moscow. The construction work lasted from 1914 to 1917. When it was completed, the then Brjansk station was considered one of the most beautiful and spacious of the city's major stations.
Even today, the Kiev train station is an important traffic junction for connections to Ukraine and Southeast Europe. The station building was last extensively renovated in 2004.
The entrance building, designed by the architects Iwan Rerberg and Vyacheslav Oltarshevsky in a neoclassical style, is now an important architectural monument . The four middle station tracks are spanned by a 30-high glass arch construction that is 232 m long and 47.9 m wide and weighs more than 1250 tons.
The fine steel arms that give the arch stability are parabolic . This construction, which was designed by the famous engineer Vladimir Shukhov ( Shukhov had created a similar roof construction 20 years earlier on the building of the Moscow department store GUM on Red Square) demonstrates the delicacy of the grandiose and majestic building.
In addition, the clock tower, which extends to the station hall, with its height of 51 m is a distinctive feature of this station. Because of its height and the clock attached to it, it was sometimes affectionately called " Big Ben ".
Aeroexpress Eurasia to Vnukovo Airport
Long-distance passenger train connections are currently (as of 2019) from Kiev train station to the following destinations, among others:
|Moldova||Chișinău||Calea Ferată din Moldova|
|Russia||Anapa  , Bryansk , Klimowo , Novosybkow||Russian railways|
|Ukraine||Dnipro , Kiev , Kryvyi Rih , Lviv , Mykolaiv , Odessa||Ukrzalisnytsja|
 - only summer timetable (June – September)
In addition, local trains (so-called Elektritschki ) run from here to Naro-Fominsk , Obninsk and Kaluga, among others . Likewise, since 2005 the international Moscow airport Vnukowo has been connected by an hourly express train.
- ↑ Timetable for passenger trains from Kievsky station in Moscow - 2019 (Russian)
- ↑ Moscow Kiev Railway Station, official website (Russian)
- Walther Tuckermann: Eastern Europe . Ferdinand Hirt, Breslay 1922, p. 130 , col. 91 ( archive.org ).
- «Intourist» routes for 1956 . Intourist , Moscow 1955, p. 60 , col. 5, 15 .. . ( archive.org ).
- Elizabeth Cooper English , “Arkhitektura i mnimosti”: The origins of Soviet avant-garde rationalist architecture in the Russian mystical-philosophical and mathematical intellectual tradition , a dissertation in architecture, 264 p., University of Pennsylvania, 2000. (eng)
- Mark Spörrle: To the fullest (Zeit Online)
- Moscow's nine main train stations and their nine different stories
- Cathedrals of rail travel
- Roof constructions by Vladimir Schuchow (video)