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Obninsk ( Russian О́бнинск ) is a Russian city in the Kaluga Oblast with 104,739 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010). It is located 110 km southwest of Moscow and 68 km northeast of the regional capital Kaluga . The closest city is Balabanowo, 10 km away .
A small village existed here until the 20th century, which developed around an estate that was first mentioned in the 16th century. The region was occupied by the German Wehrmacht from October to December 1941 . After the Second World War, a planned town was built on the site of the village, which came into the spotlight in 1954 with the commissioning of the now decommissioned Obninsk nuclear power plant as the world's first commercially operated nuclear power plant , which led to a large population growth. In 1956 Obninsk received city rights.
House of Culture with statue of Lenin
Note: census data
Obninsk is now an important science and research city ( Naukograd ), with numerous institutes and research centers in the fields of space technology with control stations for satellites, atomic energy - including the research institute IPPE - and meteorology as well as in other scientific fields .
The city has a 315 meter high research tower. The construction is remarkable: the tower has a diameter of only 2 to 3 m, which is why it is secured with steel cables. It is only used for research purposes and is not open to tourists.
- Oak Ridge , United States, since 1992
- Mianyang , People's Republic of China, since 2000
- Visaginas , Lithuania, since 2003
- Tiraspol , Transnistria , since 2006
sons and daughters of the town
- Lew Beresner (* 1970), football player
- Artyom Hadschibekow (* 1970), marksman
- Swetlana Cholomina (* 1997), beach volleyball player
- Artyom Jarsutkin (* 1996), beach volleyball player
- Alexei Yegorov (* 1991), heavyweight boxer
- Lina Krasnoruzkaja (* 1984), tennis player
- Mikhail Shcherbakov (* 1963), songwriter
- Nikolai Skworzow (* 1984), swimmer
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)