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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Kaluga
Urban district Obninsk
head Alexander Avdejew
Founded 1946
City since 1956
surface 43  km²
population 104,739 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2436 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 175  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 48439
Post Code 249030-249040
License Plate 40
OKATO 29 415
Website admobninsk.ru/
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 6 '  N , 36 ° 37'  E Coordinates: 55 ° 6 '0 "  N , 36 ° 37' 0"  E
Obninsk (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Obninsk (Kaluga Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaluga Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Obninsk ( Russian О́бнинск ) is a Russian city ​​in the Kaluga Oblast with 104,739 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010). It is located 110 km southwest of Moscow and 68 km northeast of the regional capital Kaluga . The closest city is Balabanowo, 10 km away .


A small village existed here until the 20th century, which developed around an estate that was first mentioned in the 16th century. The region was occupied by the German Wehrmacht from October to December 1941 . After the Second World War, a planned town was built on the site of the village, which came into the spotlight in 1954 with the commissioning of the now decommissioned Obninsk nuclear power plant as the world's first commercially operated nuclear power plant , which led to a large population growth. In 1956 Obninsk received city rights.

Population development

year Residents
1959 16,334
1970 48,641
1979 73.402
1989 100.178
2002 105,706
2010 104,739

Note: census data


Obninsk is now an important science and research city ( Naukograd ), with numerous institutes and research centers in the fields of space technology with control stations for satellites, atomic energy - including the research institute IPPE - and meteorology as well as in other scientific fields .

The city has a 315 meter high research tower. The construction is remarkable: the tower has a diameter of only 2 to 3 m, which is why it is secured with steel cables. It is only used for research purposes and is not open to tourists.


Obninsk is located on the Russian M3 highway from Moscow to Kiev and on the parallel railway line.

Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Obninsk  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)