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coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Kaluga
Rajon Meshchovsk
head Alexander Glinkow
First mention 1238
City since 1776
surface km²
population 4100 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 683 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 210  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code +7 (48446)
Post Code 249240
License Plate 40
OKATO 29 227 501
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 19 ′  N , 35 ° 17 ′  E Coordinates: 54 ° 19 ′ 0 ″  N , 35 ° 17 ′ 0 ″  E
Meshchovsk (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Meshchovsk (Kaluga Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaluga Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Meschtschowsk ( Russian Мещовск ) is a small town in the Kaluga Oblast ( Russia ) with 4100 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located about 85 km southwest of the Oblast capital Kaluga on the Tureja , a left tributary of the Serena in the river system of the Volga .

Meshchovsk is the administrative center of the raion of the same name .


The city was first mentioned in 1238 as a fiefdom of the Principality of Chernigov . Various forms of name such as Mestschewsk , Mesezk , Mesetsch (e) sk , Mesezesk , Mesesk , Meschtschorsk are known from the following period , which indicate a Baltic origin, derived from forest (cf. Latvian mežs ). After the disintegration of Chernigov, Meschtschowsk was temporarily the center of an independent splinter principality in the group of the Ober-Oka principalities .

In the 15th century the city belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania . In 1503 it was conquered by the Grand Duchy of Moscow . In 1584 the city withstood a siege by the Crimean Tatars , during the time of turmoil another by the troops of the second "False Dimitris" . In 1617, Polish troops were able to take the city for a short time.

In Empire Meshchovsk received in 1776, the modern city status as the administrative center of a Ujesd (circle) will be awarded.

During World War II , Meschtschowsk was occupied by the German Wehrmacht on October 7, 1941 and recaptured on January 6, 1942 by the Western Front of the Red Army during their counter-offensive in the Battle of Moscow .

Population development

year Residents
1897 3635
1926 2724
1939 3629
1959 4939
1970 5130
1979 4949
1989 5382
2002 4540
2010 4100

Note: census data

Culture and sights

The most important sight is the Cathedral of the Annunciation ( собор Благовещения / sobor Blagoveschchenija) from 1832 with a bell tower from 1907. The bell tower has a tower clock, which is relatively rare in Russia.

Here is also the Saint George Monastery ( Свято-Георгиевский монастырь / Swjato-Georgijewski monastyr), which was founded in the 19th century instead of an old monastery of the same name but further away, closed during the Soviet era and reopened in 2003.

Economy and Infrastructure

In Meschchowsk there are smaller companies in the food and building materials industries.

The Kudrinskaja station on the Moscow - Brjansk - Kiev railway line, which opened in 1899, is located 21 kilometers east of the city (route km 237).

The M3 Moscow – Bryansk – Ukrainian border (from there to Kiev) passes twelve kilometers southeast of the city.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Meshchovsk  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)