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Malojaroslawez ( Russian Малояросла́вец ) is a city with 30,392 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in Kaluga Oblast , Russia . It is located on the right bank of the Luscha River , a right tributary of the Protwa , about 60 kilometers from the regional capital, Kaluga . The city of Obninsk borders directly on Maloyaroslavz .
The present city was probably built at the end of the 14th or beginning of the 15th century; the city's founding date is now the year 1402. The founder was the Serpukhov Prince Vladimir, a grandson of the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan Kalita ; he is said to have named the place Yaroslavz after his son Yaroslav. In 1485 Yaroslavs came to the Grand Duchy of Moscow and was given the addition maly , meaning “small” so that it would not be confused with the city of Yaroslavl .
In 1776 Maly Yaroslavez - later Malojaroslavez - was granted the status of a district town during a territorial reform.
Malojaroslawez became better known during the war against Napoleon in 1812 . On October 12th, Jul. / October 24, 1812 greg. It came here to the battle of Malojaroslawez between Russian and French troops, after the latter wanted to advance to Kaluga on their retreat from Moscow, where there were larger stores of provisions . Two days later, the French had to admit defeat after another defeat at Medyn and began their retreat from Russia on the way to Smolensk .
During the Second World War , Malojaroslawz was temporarily the rear of the front and the seat of a German Army High Command (AOK 4). The place was captured by the Wehrmacht on October 18, 1941, was highly contested at the end of December 1941 and was recaptured as one of the southern outposts of the Soviet capital in the Battle of Moscow by the Red Army on January 2, 1942.
Note: census data
Economy and Transport
Today there are several industrial plants in Malojaroslavz: an aluminum processing factory, as well as engineering, textile, wood processing and furniture factories.
The next trunk road is the A101 , and the M3 runs a few kilometers south of the city. Otherwise, Malojaroslavz is connected to the Russian railway network and has a train station on the Moscow – Kaluga – Brjansk – Kiev route .
In the city there is a Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812, which also deals with the battle of Malojaroslavets. In addition, several historic religious buildings have been preserved, including the probably founded in the 14th century and from 1991 rebuilt Tschernoostrowski- Nicholas - nunnery , one of the most important in Russia.
sons and daughters of the town
- Maxim Akimow (* 1970), politician
- Semyon Prokhorov (1873–1948), painter, graduate of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Life in the women's monastery of St. Nicholas of Myra . In: Sputnik , March 10, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.