from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Kaluga
Rajon Malojaroslavets
Founded around 1402
City since 1776
surface 18  km²
population 30,392 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1688 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 190  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 48431
Post Code 24909x
License Plate 40
OKATO 29 223 501
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 0 ′  N , 36 ° 28 ′  E Coordinates: 55 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  N , 36 ° 28 ′ 0 ″  E
Malojaroslawez (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Malojaroslavz (Kaluga Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaluga Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Malojaroslawez ( Russian Малояросла́вец ) is a city with 30,392 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in Kaluga Oblast , Russia . It is located on the right bank of the Luscha River , a right tributary of the Protwa , about 60 kilometers from the regional capital, Kaluga . The city of Obninsk borders directly on Maloyaroslavz .


The present city was probably built at the end of the 14th or beginning of the 15th century; the city's founding date is now the year 1402. The founder was the Serpukhov Prince Vladimir, a grandson of the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan Kalita ; he is said to have named the place Yaroslavz after his son Yaroslav. In 1485 Yaroslavs came to the Grand Duchy of Moscow and was given the addition maly , meaning “small” so that it would not be confused with the city of Yaroslavl .

Nicholas convent

In 1776 Maly Yaroslavez - later Malojaroslavez - was granted the status of a district town during a territorial reform.

Malojaroslawez became better known during the war against Napoleon in 1812 . On October 12th, Jul. / October 24, 1812 greg. It came here to the battle of Malojaroslawez between Russian and French troops, after the latter wanted to advance to Kaluga on their retreat from Moscow, where there were larger stores of provisions . Two days later, the French had to admit defeat after another defeat at Medyn and began their retreat from Russia on the way to Smolensk .

During the Second World War , Malojaroslawz was temporarily the rear of the front and the seat of a German Army High Command (AOK 4). The place was captured by the Wehrmacht on October 18, 1941, was highly contested at the end of December 1941 and was recaptured as one of the southern outposts of the Soviet capital in the Battle of Moscow by the Red Army on January 2, 1942.

Population development

year Residents
1897 2,497
1939 11,729
1959 17,892
1970 21,219
1979 22,108
1989 26,582
2002 31,606
2010 30,392

Note: census data

Economy and Transport

Malojaroslavets Railway Station

Today there are several industrial plants in Malojaroslavz: an aluminum processing factory, as well as engineering, textile, wood processing and furniture factories.

The next trunk road is the A101 , and the M3 runs a few kilometers south of the city. Otherwise, Malojaroslavz is connected to the Russian railway network and has a train station on the Moscow – Kaluga – BrjanskKiev route .


In the city there is a Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812, which also deals with the battle of Malojaroslavets. In addition, several historic religious buildings have been preserved, including the probably founded in the 14th century and from 1991 rebuilt Tschernoostrowski- Nicholas - nunnery , one of the most important in Russia.

Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Malojaroslawez  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Life in the women's monastery of St. Nicholas of Myra . In: Sputnik , March 10, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.