from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Neolamprologus cylindricus

Neolamprologus cylindricus

Order : Cichliformes
Family : Cichlids (Cichlidae)
Subfamily : Pseudocrenilabrinae
Tribe : Lamprologini
Genre : Neolamprologus
Scientific name
Colombé & Allgayer , 1985

Neolamprologus ( Gr .: "Neos" = new, so new Lamprologus ) is a species of fish from the family of cichlids . All species of the genus are endemic to Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. With over 40 species, the genus is by far the richest in species in the Lamprologini tribe. Investigations of the mitochondrial DNA have shown that the genus introduced in 1985 by the French ichthyologist Robert Allgayer and his colleague José Colombé is polyphyletic .


Neolamprologus species have an elongated, in some species also very elongated body, which is more or less strongly flattened laterally. The teeth are conical and arranged in rows. There are 6 to 12 fangs on the intermaxillary bone (premaxillary). The maximum sizes of the various species are between 4 and 20 centimeters, but most species remain smaller than 12 centimeters. Males often grow larger than females, but their genital papillae are significantly larger than those of males.

All Neolamprologus species are cave breeders . They live in pairs for reproduction or the males gather a harem around them.



Some species are popular aquarium fish , such as Neolamprologus multifasciatus , Neolamprologus leleupi and Neolamprologus pulcher .


  • Georg Zurlo: Neolamprologus. In: Claus Schaefer, Torsten Schröer (Hrsg.): The large lexicon of aquaristics. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8001-7497-9 , pp. 691-702.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Colombé, J. & Allgayer, R. 1985: Description de Variabilichromis, Neolamprologus et Paleolamprologus genres nouveaux du Lac Tanganyika, avec redescription of the genre Lamprologus Schilthuis, 1891 et Lepidiolamprologus Pellegrin, 1904. Revue française des cichlidophiles, No. 49: 9-28.
  2. Julia J. Day, Simona Santini & Jaime Garcia-Moreno: Phylogenetic relationships of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Lamprologini: The story from mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 45, Issue 2, November 2007, Pages 629-642 doi : 10.1016 / j.ympev.2007.02.025

Web links

Commons : Neolamprologus  - collection of images, videos and audio files