Oskar Eggert

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Oskar Eggert (right) as spokesman for the Pomeranian Landsmannschaft, 1963

Oskar Eggert (born June 16, 1896 in Liepe , Usedom-Wollin district , † November 20, 1974 in Oberhausen ) was a German teacher and historian . From 1952 to 1969 he was the spokesman for the Pomeranian Landsmannschaft .


Eggert was born in Liepe on the island of Usedom in 1896 as the son of a teacher . Like his father, he chose the teaching profession and first attended the preparatory institute in Massow and then the teachers' college in Anklam . When the First World War broke out , he volunteered for the war, and most recently served as a lieutenant .

After the First World War he continued his training as a teacher. From 1922 on he went on to study for a higher teaching post at the University of Greifswald . In 1927 he was there with a dissertation on the turning trains Waldemars I and Knuts VI. from Denmark to Mecklenburg and Pomerania to the Dr. phil. doctorate, his doctoral supervisor was Adolf Hofmeister .

In 1928 he became a teacher at the State Educational Institute in Köslin . However, when this was converted into a national political educational institution in 1933 , he switched to the Schiller Realgymnasium in Stettin . In World War II he served as a soldier, most recently as a major and battalion commander . The outcome of the war made his plan to set up an army teachers' academy superfluous.

After the Second World War, Eggert was a high school teacher in Oberhausen from 1947 until his retirement in 1961 . In addition, Eggert was involved in the association work of the German expellees. From 1952 to 1969 he was the spokesman for the Pomeranian Landsmannschaft and, in this context, was temporarily a member of the Presidium of the Federation of Expellees (BdV), chairman of the United Landsmannschaften of Central Germany (VLM) and a member of the East German Cultural Council . For the federal election in 1957 he ran unsuccessfully on the North Rhine-Westphalian state list of the GB / BHE party for expellees .

Eggert worked and published as a historian on the history of Pomerania . Before and after the Second World War he was a member of the Historical Commission for Pomerania . In 1970 he was awarded the Pomeranian Culture Prize. Since Martin Wehrmanns had not published a detailed account of the history of Pomerania since the second edition of the history of Pomerania in 1919/1921, he tackled one, but was only able to complete the first volume, which covers the historical period from prehistoric times to around 1500 . The review of this volume in the Baltic Studies was very critical: Eggert “in no way succeeded in creating a reasonably clear picture of the - certainly sometimes quite complicated - Pomeranian conditions”. However, the book has extensive references that are appended to the individual chapters. Hans Branig later followed up on this volume with two further volumes on the history of Pomerania.

Fonts (selection)

  • The push-pull trains by Waldemar I and Knuts VI. from Denmark to Mecklenburg and Pomerania . In: Baltic Studies . Volume 29 NF, 1927, ISSN  0067-3099 . (Dissertation) PDF
  • Danish-Wendish fighting in Pomerania and Mecklenburg. In: Baltic Studies . Volume 30 NF, 1928, ISSN  0067-3099 .
  • Estates and state in Pomerania in the early 19th century. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne Graz 1964.
  • The measures of the Prussian government to liberate the peasants in Pomerania. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne Graz 1965.
  • History of Pomerania. 4th edition. Hamburg 1965. (overview)
  • The end of the war and the occupation in Stralsund and the surrounding area 1945-1946 . Pommerscher Buchversand, 1967 (268 pages).
  • History of Pomerania . Volume 1. Hamburg 1974. (no other volume published)


Web links


  1. ^ Dietrich Kausche: Oskar Eggert, History of Pomerania, Vol. 1. In: Baltic studies . Volume 61 NF, 1975, ISSN  0067-3099 , pp. 86-87.