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Basic data
Country Afghanistan
Capital Gardez
surface 6,431.8 km²
Residents 552,000 (2015)
density 86 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 AF-PIA
governor Nasratullah Arsala
Districts in the Paktia Province (as of 2005)
Districts in the Paktia Province (as of 2005)

Coordinates: 33 ° 36 '  N , 69 ° 24'  E

Gardez Fortress

Paktia ( Dari and Pashtun پکتیا) is a province ( velayat ) in southeastern Afghanistan on the border with Pakistan . It has 552,000 inhabitants and is mostly inhabited by Pashtuns .

The area around Khost originally belonged to the province of Paktia . This gave rise to its own province of Khost .


Paktia has often played a very important or decisive role in the history of Afghanistan. Due to extraordinary achievements in the fight against the British ( Anglo-Afghan wars ) and after the seizure of power by Habibullah Kalakâni , Paktia received a privileged status and was given honorary military titles, land ownership, advisory roles, monetary gifts and other perks such as tax exemption and exemption from military service , which in some cases still exists today are still valid, rewarded.

In the 1960s, Paktia was the location of the "Paktia Project", in which various actors in West German development aid modernized the entire province. At that time there were around 800 West German experts in the whole of Afghanistan.

Administrative division

The province of Paktia consists of twelve districts (the main towns in brackets):

Web links

Commons : Paktia Province  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Afghanistan. In: Retrieved January 8, 2016 .
  2. Conrad Schetter: Small History of Afghanistan , Munich 2017 (4th updated and expanded edition), p. 14.