|density||21 inhabitants per km²|
Coordinates: 32 ° 30 ' N , 68 ° 48' E
Paktika ( Dari and Pashtun پکتیکا) is one of 34 provinces ( velayat ) of Afghanistan .
Paktika is located in southeastern Afghanistan. Neighboring provinces are Zabul , Ghazni , Paktia and Chost (clockwise, starting in the southwest). To the east and south, Paktika borders Pakistan's northern and southern Waziristan regions . The capital of Paktika is Sharan , in the north of the province, with around 48,600 inhabitants. About half of Paktikas is mountainous.
Paktika is divided into 19 districts:
|Dila ( Dila Wa Khushamand )||12,600||11,900||24,500|
|Gayan ( giyan )||17,400||16,500||33,900|
|Sar Hawza ( Sar Rawza )||11,500||11,000||22,500|
|Sarobi ( Surubi )||6,200||5,900||12,100|
|Sharan ( Paktika Center )||24,900||23,700||48,600|
|Urgun ( Urgoon )||27,500||26,200||53,700|
|Waza Khwa ( Wazakhwah )||11,500||11,000||22,500|
|Wor Mamay ( Wormamay )||1,700||1,700||3,400|
Paktika has 413,800 inhabitants in 59,114 households. 51% are men, 49% women. 99% of the population lives in rural areas. 96% speak Pashto as their mother tongue . Uzbek is spoken in five villages with 15,000 inhabitants, and other languages are spoken in four other villages with a total of 5,000 inhabitants. There are also kuchis , a nomadic population, the number of which varies in the province depending on the season. In winter 51,074 Kutschis live in Paktika, in summer only 6117. The majority of the native population are Sunnis .
In earlier times Paktika was part of the larger province of Paktia , which included the present-day provinces of Paktika, Paktia and Chost . This area is still known today by the (unofficial) name Loya Paktia . At the time of the Soviet occupation and the subsequent period of the civil wars, this area was fiercely contested.
On March 27, 2011, a suicide bomber blew himself up in Paktika. He attacked a construction company building with a car and then detonated the explosives. There were 15 dead.
On May 1, 2011, a twelve-year-old boy blew himself up in a marketplace and killed four people. He was considered one of the youngest attackers in Afghanistan.
politic and economy
Due to the remote location of the province on the border with Pakistan and the long periods of civil war, there is a significant lack of infrastructure in Paktika . Compared to other Afghan regions such as Zabul and Chost , reconstruction in Paktika after the fall of the Taliban has so far made only slow progress. This is also attributed to the remote location of the province, but also to repeated attacks on construction workers. The current governor of the province has been Mohibullah Samim since April 2010 . In 2006, Muhammad Ali Jalali, one of his predecessors, was the victim of a Taliban attack while he was in Ghazni province .
In 2008 only 85% of the residents of Paktikas had drinking water in their home town, 6% of the households had electricity, mostly from their own generators. Only 33% of the roads are open to cars all year round.
65% of households in the province make a living from agriculture, with 66% of households in rural areas having their own land. 39% keep farm animals. 5% of households earn an income through trade and services, 1% from handicrafts (carpet and jewelry production) and 1% produces opium .
- Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development - National Area Based Development Program: Paktika Provincial Profile
- AIMS AFGHANISTAN LAND COVER MAP PAKTIKA PROVINCE (PDF, 293 kB)
- ↑ a b c d e Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development - National Area Based Development Program: Paktika Provincial Profile , accessed July 7, 2015.
- ↑ 15 dead in suicide attack in Afghanistan. In: ORF . March 28, 2011, accessed March 28, 2011 .
- ↑ Willi Germund: Child blows himself up. In: Frankfurter Rundschau . May 1, 2011, accessed May 2, 2011 .