Paul Fritz Arthur Junius was born on July 10, 1901 in Berlin, his parents were Alfred Junius (born August 26, 1869) and Luise Junius (born November 24, 1874, née Schumacher). His parents had married on October 21, 1893 in Berlin, he had at least four siblings, Erich Theodor Waldemar (born 1894), Walter Paul Max (born 1897), Charlotte (born 1898) and Max Alfred Richard (born. 1899). After attending elementary school , Paul began an apprenticeship as a model carpenter, later he worked as a work boy and machine fitter. In 1916 he became a member of the German Metalworkers' Association . In 1917 Junius joined the Friends of Nature . At the end of 1923 he became a member of the KPD , for which he worked as an honorary functionary in the south of Berlin.
After the “ seizure of power ” by the National Socialists , he headed a communist cell in the Askania works in Berlin from 1933 , where he worked as a lathe operator, and kept in contact with other groups of various armaments factories in Berlin. In 1933 he gave shelter to the wanted communist functionary Werner Prochnow and later had contacts with the Neukölln resistance group around John Sieg , Herbert Grasse and Otto Grabowski . As a member of the Saefkow Group , Junius was responsible for illegal work in the factories in Berlin-Marienfelde and Berlin-Mariendorf . Junius was arrested in Helmstedt on July 13, 1944 . This is where the production of the war-important Askania company had been relocated, which he and his comrades tried to disrupt. On October 26, 1944, the People's Court sentenced him to death . The verdict was in on 4 December 1944 penitentiary Brandenburg-Gorden enforced .
A street in Berlin-Lichtenberg has been named after Paul Junius since 1975, which was reorganized from the previous Wördenstrasse and parts of Wolfgangstrasse.
The memorial plaque of the Askania works in Berlin's Großbeerenstraße 2 commemorates Junius and five other resistance fighters murdered by the Nazi regime.
A stumbling block was laid for Paul Junius on September 13, 2008 at Rügener Strasse 22 in Berlin-Gesundbrunnen . The Berliner NaturFreunde took over the sponsorship.
- Luise Kraushaar (Ed.): German resistance fighters 1933-1945. Biographies and letters . Volume 2. Dietz, Berlin 1970, pp. 499f.
- Oliver Kersten: The Friends of Nature movement in the Berlin-Brandenburg region 1908–1989 / 90. Continuities and breaks . Naturfreunde-Verlag, Berlin 2007 (also dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin 2004), ISBN 978-3-925311-31-4 , p. 314f.
- Stephanie Künne: Against the current of her time. Resistance to Nazi Terror - Part 3 of our series. Paul Junius . In: Lichtenberger Rathausnachrichten , No. 3, Volume 7 (March 3, 2007), p. 6.
- Paul Junius . Short biography on the website of the Lichtenberg Museum.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German communist and resistance fighter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 10, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||4th December 1944|
|Place of death||Brandenburg|