Peter Joseph Glutz-Ruchti

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Peter Joseph Glutz-Ruchti (born September 18, 1754 in Solothurn ; † March 29, 1835 there ) was a Swiss politician.



Peter Joseph Glutz-Ruchti was the son of Johann Viktor Anton Glutz-Ruchti (born June 15, 1703 in Solothurn; † December 13, 1780 ibid) grenadier captain in Spanish services, mayor in Olten and Vogt in Flumenthal , and his wife Maria Anna ( * January 26, 1719 in Solothurn; † December 2, 1786 ibid), born. Vogelsang, born. He still had seven siblings:

  • Dr. theol. Viktor Franz Anton Glutz-Ruchti (born June 14, 1747 in Solothurn; † October 9, 1824 there), canon preacher, canon and provost in St. Ursen ;
  • Urs Karl Heinrich Felix Franz Glutz-Ruchti (born September 13, 1748 in Solothurn; † October 21, 1825), Abbot Karl Ambros Glutz-Rüchti in the St. Urban monastery , professor of philosophy and theology;
  • Heinrich Josef Philipp Jakob Glutz-Ruchti (born November 19, 1749 in Olten; † February 3, 1817), pastor in Wolfwil , dean in Buchsgau and provost in Schönenwerd ;
  • Maria Klara Elisabeth Glutz-Ruchti (born May 17 in Olten; † April 1, 1829), sister Maria Creszentia in St. Josef;
  • Anna Maria Josefine Glutz-Ruchti (May 25, 1753 in Olten; † October 16, 1831)
  • Karl Anton Niklaus Glutz-Ruchti (born December 6, 1756 in Solothurn; † July 12, 1837), Aidemajor (military doctor) in French service, Vogt in Falkenstein, appellate judge;
  • Maria Regina Margaretha Glutz-Ruchti (born September 7, 1759 in Solothurn; † February 28, 1844).

He married on May 7, 1785 in Solothurn Maria Anna Elisabeth Jakobea (born March 28, 1767 in Solothurn; † January 5, 1843 ibid), b. Schmid. They had eleven children together:

  • Maria Anna Franziska Magdalena Glutz-Ruchti (born May 26, 1786 in Selzach , † March 4, 1858 in Paris ), married to Jakob Philipp de Serre de Saint Roman, French dragoon captain;
  • Viktor Anton Apollinar Franz Januarius Glutz-Ruchti (born July 10, 1787 in Solothurn; † unknown, fallen), officer in the Spanish service, major major in the Dutch service;
  • Jakobea Franziska Caroline Henriette Glutz-Ruchti (born October 5, 1788 in Solothurn, † February 19, 1854 ibid), married to Georg Anton von Roll;
  • Maria Regina Glutz-Ruchti (born April 11, 1790 in Solothurn; † February 4, 1855), sister Rosalia in St. Josef;
  • Peter Lorenz Justus Josef Ludwig Anton Glutz-Ruchti (born September 5, 1791 in Solothurn; † September 5, 1849), pastor, canon in St. Ursen and canon;
  • Josef Viktor Franz Wilhelm Glutz-Ruchti (born April 15, 1793 in Solothurn, † December 1812, died in the Russian campaign), officer in the French service;
  • Josef Viktor Franz Proclus August Glutz-Ruchti (born October 25, 1794 in Solothurn, † August 14, 1845 in Bologna ), major in papal service;
  • Maria Klephea Antonia Caroline Augustine Glutz-Ruchti (born August 28, 1796 in Solothurn; † March 2, 1850);
  • Maria Anna Elisabeth Glutz-Ruchti (born September 13, 1798 in Solothurn, † July 10, 1827); married to Josef Niklaus Tobias Fegely;
  • Urs Viktor Franz August Alois Titus Glutz-Ruchti (born January 5, 1805 in Solothurn; † January 5, 1805);
  • Anna Rosalia Felizitas Caroline Glutz-Ruchti (born October 3, 1807 in Solothurn; † December 9, 1854).


He attended school at the Jesuit College in Solothurn and then joined the Swiss Buch regiment in Spanish service , where he was promoted to lieutenant .

In 1778 he returned to Solothurn and was elected to the Grand Council, in 1780 he was a member of the government as a young councilor. In 1786 he was appointed a member of the city court and from 1791 to 1798 he was appointed bailiff.

In 1798, when the French invaded, he was promoted to artillery colonel and after the overthrow of the Swiss Confederation he was held hostage in France with other Swiss to secure the contributions . He later became a forest inspector during the Swiss government .

After the Swiss Confederation was restored in 1802, he traveled to the Paris Consulta as a member of the Canton of Solothurn . Here he spoke out in favor of a federal structure for Switzerland and won the support of Napoleon , who appointed him president of the introductory committee for mediation .

From 1803 to 1831 he was the first mayor of the canton of Solothurn and Kleinrat, and in 1805 Landammann of Switzerland and thus took over the management of the Swiss Confederation. During the war between France and Austria he maintained Swiss neutrality, for this he stood up for Niklaus Rudolf von Wattenwyl as commander in chief of the Swiss army in 1805 , who secured the Swiss borders, which, however, aroused the anger of Napoleon.

Peter Joseph Glutz-Ruchti signed the first envoy of the canton of Solothurn on the Diet on August 7, 1815 in Zurich the Federal Treaty of 22 cantons. As a member of the mediation and restoration government , he represented aristocratic principles that he wanted to save beyond 1831. Furthermore, he campaigned for the appointment of the Jesuits , was an opponent of the school of Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi and favored a national diocese in the Basel diocese negotiations .

His subsequent appointment to the Grand Council and the Court of Appeal , he turned down for health reasons.


  • Peter Jakob Josef Anton Glutz-Ruchti: Salutation Sr. Excellency of the Landammann of Switzerland at the opening of the general federal daily statute, the 3rd fallow month 1805 . Solothurn: Vogelsang 1805.
  • Peter Glutz Ruchti; Roll, Friedrich von: Poor Institution for the Canton of Solothurn . Solothurn: Ludwig Vogelsang 18 ??
  • Speech by Mr. Schultheissen Glutz-Ruchti after the election of a President of the Solothurn Appeals Court .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ German biography: Glutz, Peter Josef - German biography. Retrieved January 23, 2018 .
  2. ^ Urban Fink: Peter Glutz-Ruchti. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . December 28, 2006 , accessed January 23, 2018 .
  3. ^ ADB: Glutz, Peter Josef - Wikisource. Retrieved January 23, 2018 .
  4. Historical Family Lexicon of Switzerland - Persons. Retrieved January 23, 2018 .