Queenstown (New Zealand)
|Ward||Queenstown - Wakatipu Ward|
|Administrative headquarters||Seat of administration for the Queenstown-Lakes District|
|Residents||12 141 (2013)|
|Telephone code||+64 (0) 3|
|UN / LOCODE||NZ ZQN|
|Photography of the place|
Queenstown at dusk
Queenstown is 173 km northwest of Dunedin and around 42 km west of Cromwell on the central section of Lake Wakatipu and on the eastern foothills of the New Zealand Alps . To the northwest of the city rise the up to high Richardson Mountains and to the east The Remarkables .
Queenstown has a decidedly continental climate by New Zealand standards . The New Zealand Alps act here as a protective wall against the cool westerly winds of the so-called Roaring Forties . For example, the average maximum temperature in Queenstown in summer is two degrees higher than that of the capital Wellington, which is located to the north (closer to the equator) . It is not without reason that the Queenstown hinterland is considered one of the best wine-growing locations in New Zealand. In direct comparison with Germany, the weather is rather mild and balanced. In spring (Sept., Oct., Nov.) the temperatures are between 5 ° C and 16 ° C, in summer (Dec., Jan., Feb.) at a mild 10 ° C to 22 ° C, in autumn (Mar. ., Apr., May) between 6 ° C and 16 ° C and in winter (Jun., Jul., Aug.), which is quite frosty for New Zealand conditions, between 1 ° C and 10 ° C. Precipitation can be expected in all seasons. However, this is rather moderate with a total of 840 mm of rain per year thanks to the rain shadow of the New Zealand Alps.
Before Europeans came to the Queenstown area , the area was well known to the Māori . The first European to see Lake Wakatipu was Nathanael Chalmers , who was led over the Waimea Plains and up the Maaura River by Reko , the chief of the Tuturau , in September 1853 .
William Gilbert Rees and Nicholas von Tunzelmann were the first Europeans to settle in what is now Queenstown . Rees , who as founder of Queenstown is true, put together with his wife in 1861 a farm on the site of today's city center on, but gold discoveries in 1862 in the Arrow River brought Rees to abandon sheep farming and instead a hotel called The Queen's Arms to open up the After its renovations, it still exists today as Eichardt's Private Hotel . Many of Queenstown's street names are still reminiscent of the gold rush days.
In the 2013 census, the town had 12,141 inhabitants, 12.0% more than in the 2006 census.
Tourism is by far the predominant industry. Not only is Queenstown a winter sports destination, it also attracts many visitors during the other seasons. The boom has triggered brisk construction activity and numerous complexes with holiday apartments are currently under construction or being planned.
The airport of Queenstown was expanded in the 1990s to be operated by larger passenger jets can as well as international flights from Australia . The airport is also an important helicopter base in the country.
Queenstown is a hub of adventure tourism and extreme sports. Skiing, jet boating, mountain biking and hiking are the main activities that can be enjoyed from the city, shotover jets and various paragliding, slope gliding and bungee jumping are available for people looking for the thrill and the kick . Well-known ski areas are Coronet Peak and The Remarkables .
The gondola lift ( Skyline Gondola ) takes you to a mountain station on Bob's Peak , from where you have a good view of Queenstown and Lake Wakatipu . The best way to explore the lake is by old steamer MSS Earnslaw , with regular trips to Walter Peak High Country Farm .
- Tim Bevan (* 1958), film producer
- Ben McLachlan (* 1992), Japanese-New Zealand tennis player
- Alice Robinson (* 2001 in Sydney ), New Zealand ski racer
- Homepage . Queenstown Lakes District Council,accessed March 5, 2014.
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place: Queenstown Bay, Queenstown Hill, Sunshine Bay, Frankton, Frankton East, Kelvin Peninsula, Arthurs Point . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 17, 2016 .
- Topo250 maps . Land Information New Zealand , accessed July 3, 2017 .
- FWG Miller: Golden Days of Lake County. Whitcombe and Tombs, 1949, pp. 3-11.
- Queenstown history - William Gilbert Rees . Retrieved February 16, 2015.