|location||24 ° 47 ′ S , 65 ° 25 ′ W|
|Height above d. M .:||1187 m|
|Agglomeration :||Gran Salta|
|Mayor:||Miguel Angel Isa|
|Postal code :||A4400|
Salta is the capital of the province of the same name in northwest Argentina . It is located in the Valle de Lerma at the foothills of the Andes at 1187 m above sea level on the Río Arenales , a source of the Río Salado .
Salta is known for its old Spanish colonial architecture in the old town. The city now has about 535,000 inhabitants, making it the eighth largest city in Argentina.
Architecture and landmarks
The city is best known for its colonial buildings. The government passed a law here, according to which buildings in the center of the city that were built in the typical Spanish colonial style were given lower tax rates.
The central square in Salta is Plaza 9 de Julio . This is where the Salta Cathedral , built from 1858, and the Museo de Arqueología de Alta Montaña de Salta, opened in 2004, are located with archaeological finds from the summit of the Llullaillaco volcano . The Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Salta shows contemporary art.
The Carmelite Convent Convento de San Bernardo in honor of San Bernardo, Salta's first patron saint, originally emerged from a small chapel, which was expanded in 1586 by an outbuilding in honor of San Andrés and was intended to serve as a hospital. In 1846 the complex was transformed into the present Nuevo Carmelo de San Bernardo beguinage . The main gate was carved by Indian artists in 1762 and used as a portal in 1845. For a long time it served as an advertising symbol for the city of Salta.
Salta was founded on April 16, 1582 by Don Hernando de Lerma . The original name of the city was "Ciudad de Lerma en el valle de Salta". Salta initially belonged to the Viceroyalty of Peru , after its split in 1776 it became part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, administered from Buenos Aires . In 1806, today's Archdiocese of Salta was founded.
General Manuel Belgrano won his first victory against the Spaniards here in 1812 during the Argentine War of Independence from 1810-1818.
Political chaos and financial bankruptcy reigned in Salta after the War of Independence. This condition lasted for most of the 19th century. Towards the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, many immigrants from Italy, Spain, present-day Syria and Lebanon settled in the city, revitalizing the trade and agriculture of the city and its surroundings.
At the end of the 19th century, Salta had a high school, orphanage, hospital and 20,000 residents who did brisk trade with Bolivia. Salta was already the seat of a German consul back then. A railway connected the city with Buenos Aires via San Miguel de Tucumán .
Population development of the city
One of the most famous train routes in the world begins in Salta: the tren a las nubes (train into the clouds), which leads over the Andes to the La Polvorilla bridge.
The Teleférico on the San Bernardo hill covers an altitude of 300 meters in eight minutes over a distance of one kilometer. The track was built in 1987 by the Swiss company Garaventa from Goldau.
The Estadio El Gigante del Norte is Salta's stadium.
- Manuel Antonio Acevedo (1770–1825), member of parliament, clergyman, co-founder of the Salta Faculty of Philosophy
- Mariano Boedo (1782–1819), lawyer and politician
- Martín Miguel de Güemes (1785–1821), Argentine independence hero, “gaucho general”, governor of Salta and Jujuy
- Magdalena “Macacha” Güemes (1787–1866), sister of Martín Miguel de Güemes and activist in the struggle for independence
- Rudecindo Alvarado (1792–1872), military, Minister of War under Urquiza, Gobernador of Salta
- José Güemes (1803–1840), independence fighter and governor of Salta
- José Evaristo Uriburu (1831–1914), Argentine President 1895–1898
- Victorino de la Plaza (1840–1919), lawyer, multiple minister, Argentine president after the death of Roque Saénz Peñas
- José Félix Uriburu (1868–1932), military man, putschist, military dictator
- Juan Carlos Dávalos (1887–1959), writer
- Gustavo “Cuchi” Leguizamón (1917–2000), composer, folk musician, lawyer and history professor
- Jorge Edgard Leal (* 1921), military and Antarctic explorer
- Eduardo Falú (1923–2013), singer, guitarist and composer
- Raúl Arsenio Casado (1929–2010), Archbishop of Tucumán
- Lucrecia Martel (* 1966), film director and screenwriter
- Daniel Díaz (* 1989), road cyclist
- Tarija , Bolivia, since March 8, 2004
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Salta
- IFAM Population Statistics (Spanish)
- Photos of the city and the province (German, English, Spanish)
- Photos of the city (English)
- Informate Salta Salta portal (Spanish)