|Highest peak||Saltoro Kangri ( )|
Gilgit-Baltistan ( Pakistan ),
Jammu & Kashmir ( India )
|part of||Karakoram Mountains|
The Saltoro Mountains are a mountain range in the Karakoram .
These mountains extend over the border region of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir in the east and the Pakistani autonomous region of Gilgit-Baltistan , the former Northern Areas in the west. The Saltoro Mountains are located on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier , the second largest glacier outside the polar regions .
Location and demarcation
The Saltoro Mountains are part of the so-called "Little Karakoram", whose mountain ranges run south and west of the Karakoram main chain beyond the large Karakoram glacier. The Saltoro Mountains include all the chains immediately west of the Siachen Glacier and its outflow through the Nubra Valley . The Karakoram main chain runs on the east side of the Nubra Valley and the Siachen Glacier and is divided into three mountain ranges: Saser Muztagh in the southeast, north of it Rimo Muztagh and Siachen Muztagh .
In the north of the Saltoro Mountains lies the Sia La . This pass connects the Saltoro Mountains with the Karakoram Main Range ( Baltoro Muztagh ). East of the Sia La is the nutrient area of the Siachen Glacier. On the west side of Sia La the Kondus Glacier begins , which together with its outflow, the Kondus River, forms the western limit of the Saltoro Mountains. Beyond the Kondu valley lie the Masherbrum Mountains , which are also part of the Lesser Karakoram . The Shyok forms the southern border of the mountain range from the confluence of the Nubra River to the confluence of the Kondus River.
The Siachen conflict took place in the Saltoro Mountains on the Siachen Glacier from 1984, when Indian and Pakistani border troops fired artillery at each other until 2003 and the first negotiations on this remote and glaciated area not far from the Saltoro Kangri Mountain began in 2005 . The “ Line of Control ”, which is not precisely defined, runs over the main ridge of the Saltoro Mountains.
The highest mountains in the Saltoro Mountains:
|rank||in the Karakoram||in Asia||mountain||height||Notch height||reference|
|3.||30th||67.||Ghent Kangri||Saltoro Kangri|
|4th||33.||71.||Sherpi Kangri||Ghent Kangri|
- Rank: Rank the mountain occupies in the Baltoro Muztagh.
- in the Karakoram: rank that the mountain occupies in the Karakoram.
- in Asia: rank that the mountain occupies in Asia.
- Mountain name of the mountain.
- Height: Height of the mountain in meters.
- Schartenhöhe : difference in altitude until the next notch from which a higher mountain can be reached.
- Respect: respect Mountain ( Parent Mountain ) which is for the saddle height, indicated Prominence Master (the next highest mountain after Einschartung, which also has a greater saddle height).
- Jerzy Wala, Orographical Sketch Map of the Karakoram , Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zurich, 1990.