Security Directorate

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A security directorate is a (former) security authority in Austria and Switzerland .


Organization and responsibility

Logo of the security directorates using the example of SID Tirol

A security directorate (abbreviated SID ) was a monocratically organized Austrian security authority of the second instance. There were nine security directorates in Austria, one per federal state , based in the respective state capital . They were to be regarded as branches of the Federal Ministry of the Interior in the federal states.

At the head of a security directorate was the security director. When he was in charge of the security administration, the state police command and its internal structures were directly subordinate to him.

The Federal Minister of the Interior had to appoint the security director in agreement with the governor .

The executive service was carried out by the security director as well as the organs of the public security service attached, assigned or directly subordinate to him . In addition to the lawyers from the security authorities, these were the members of the federal police guard .

The internal service affairs of the security directorates were taken care of by them. In addition, they were responsible for dealing with the personnel and legal matters of the federal police departments established in their local area of ​​responsibility .

In Vienna , the Federal Police Directorate was also the Directorate of Security, the President of the Police was also the Director of Security.

The Minister of the Interior had to inform the governor of every directive that was important for the state or relevant for public security in the entire state, which he issued to a security director.


In every federal state of Austria, the Dollfuss dictatorship ordinance of July 13, 1933 (Federal Law Gazette No. 226) set up a security department that was directly subordinate to the Federal Ministry of the Interior. The aim was above all to deprive the Governor of Vienna , who was still the Social Democrat Seitz until February 12, 1934 , of authority and to subordinate matters of “maintaining public peace, order and security” directly to the federal government. (All other eight governors belonged to the Chancellor's party anyway.)

The security director was appointed by the federal minister responsible for security issues without the consent of the respective governor. After the annexation to the German Reich in 1938, the security directorates were abolished, but in 1945 they were re-established in accordance with the structure of the Austrian authorities.

Initially, the security directorates based themselves legally on the Authority Transition Act 1945 and an ordinance of the Federal Minister of the Interior from 1946. These were then enshrined in Article 78 of the Federal Constitutional Act and in Section 4 of the Security Police Act.


With effect from September 1, 2012, the security departments have been merged with the federal police departments and the state police commanders to form the new state police departments as part of the 2012 restructuring of the security authorities .


In some cantons of Switzerland, the Security Directorate or Security Department is the name for a cantonal ministry. In the canton of Zurich, for example, it is responsible for social affairs, the police and civil protection, in the canton of Basel-Landschaft for civil law matters, police, justice and civil protection, in the canton of Zug for the police and civil protection, and in the canton of Schwyz for justice, police and civil protection . See also Police Department .

At the federal level, as part of a reorganization of the highest federal administration, the creation of a security department has been under discussion for a long time, but without any relevant resolutions.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Harry Slapnicka (1975). Upper Austria - Between the Civil War and the Anschluss (1927-1938). Linz: Oberösterreichischer Landesverlag, p. 103f.