Speech training

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elocution is the practical side of Speech Science that deals with all aspects of oral communication busy. It sees itself in the tradition of ancient rhetoric and is divided into speech training, phonetics , aesthetic communication, rhetorical communication, media rhetoric, media speech and speech therapy (therapeutic communication).

The aim of speech training is to promote the ability to speak, articulate and talk.

Thereby, interdisciplinary cooperation with related fields such as linguistics , medicine , pedagogy , phonetics , psychology and sociology .

Rhetorical communication

Rhetorical communication emphasizes speaking together as a further development of the classic rhetoric term . Conversations and speeches are viewed as real or latent dialogues in which, ideally, something is discussed in a cooperative manner for which all partners are equally responsible. Individual goals in the context of rhetorical communication are understandable and clear formulation, effective presentation, fair argumentation and various skills in the field of conversation.

Speech formation and elementary processes of speaking

The aim of speech formation is an articulation that is appropriate to the respective situation and a pleasant-sounding, resilient voice that facilitates variable, effective and expressive speaking. Funding is z. B. a relaxing and inaudible breathing, speaking in the individually ideal speaking voice register, the expansion of the resonance spaces or a clearer, possibly even standard-conforming articulation.

“Everyone has different vocal requirements and it is important to find out how the individual can best use his potential. <...> Teachers who have less volume or melody scope can still be understood well if, for example, they compensate for this shortcoming with a more precise articulation. "(Zellerhoff, 2015, 39 f)

Speech art (aesthetic communication)

Aesthetic communication within speech training deals with the theory and practical implementation of speaking literary texts (poems, speeches, drama, etc.). The aim is to find an appropriate interpretation and presentation of the respective text.

The largest German-speaking training center for aesthetic communication is the Institute for Speech Art and Communication Education at the University of Music and Performing Arts Stuttgart under the direction of Michael Speer.

In addition, the art of speaking is also taught at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in the study of Speech Science as one of four sub-areas alongside rhetoric , phonetics and language and speech disorders. The art of speaking has a long tradition here. The students can put what they have learned into practice on the university's internal “speaking platform”.

In addition, the art of speaking can be taken as a compulsory elective in the eight-semester university training to become a "speech educator (Univ.)" At the University of Regensburg .

Teaching subject at drama schools

Speech training is an important subject at drama schools or music colleges (e.g. in training in opera singing). Breathing technique, voice training , articulation exercises as well as the presentation of texts (factual texts, prose , poetry, etc.) and free speaking are contents of speech training.


  • At the Hochschule für Musik und Darstellende Kunst Stuttgart you can study as an undergraduate eight-semester one-subject bachelor's degree in speech training and art of speaking and as a two-semester one-subject master's in speaking with a focus on master's speech art, master's rhetoric and master's media speaking.
  • At the Saarland University in Saarbrücken, it is possible to study as a consecutive two-subject master's degree in German studies as a major and minor with a focus on speech science and speech training.
  • The Theaterakademie Stuttgart is a private training institute that offers a state-recognized one. The focus of the four-year training is on the professionalization of artistic speaking and the pedagogical use of language. It is possible to combine the art of speaking training in a double degree with acting or theater education.
  • At the Department of Speech Science and Phonetics of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg you can study Speech Science in the Bachelor of Arts Speech Science and Master of Arts Speech Science courses. The bachelor's degree comprises six semesters and ends with a Bachelor of Arts. The master’s program lasts four semesters and ends with a Master of Arts. In the master's degree in Speech Science, you can choose between the specializations “Phonetics, Rhetoric, Speech Art” and “Speech, Speech and Voice Disorders (Clinical Speech Science)”.
  • The University of Regensburg offers a master's degree in Speech Communication and rhetoric in Speech Science and Speech Training. In addition, it offers its own university, fully modularized eight-semester training course to become a "speech educator (university)" or "speech educator (univ.)" (With diploma supplement ).

More information about the DGSS degree can be found on the website of the German Society for Speech Science and Speech Training. The Speech Educator (DGSS) degree is not a normal university degree as a Bachelor of Arts or Master of Arts in Speech Science, as it is e.g. B. at the University of Halle-Wittenberg, but to take an examination before a DGSS examination board.

See also


  • Sieglinde Eberhart, Marcel Hinderer: Voice and speech training for the classroom. An exercise book. Schöningh / UTB, Paderborn 2014, ISBN 3-8252-4088-6
  • Heinz Fiukowski : Speech-educating elementary book. 8th edition, de Gruyter, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-11-023373-5
  • Hellmut Geißner : Speech training . Scriptor, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-589-20788-4
  • Hellmut Geißner: Ways and aberrations of speech training. People who started in their subject before 1945 and what they wrote . Röhrig Universitätsverlag, St. Ingbert 1997, ISBN 978-3-86110-116-1 .
  • Julius Hey : Little Hey - The Art of Language . Schott, 2006, ISBN 3-7957-8702-5
  • Marita Pabst-Weinschenk (Ed.): Basics of speech science and speech training . Ernst Reinhardt Verlag, Munich / Basel 2004, ISBN 3-8252-8294-5
  • Inge Refisch: Speech exercises with poems - exercise templates for speech therapy, speech training, voice training and German lessons . Verlag Hans Huber, Bern 2010, ISBN 978-3-456-84890-7
  • Hans Martin Ritter , Thomas von Fragstein: Speaking as Art. Positions and processes in aesthetic communication , language and speaking, Vol. 22. Scriptor, Frankfurt am Main 1990, ISBN 3-589-21002-8
  • Hans Martin Ritter: Word and Reality on the Stage . LIT, Münster 1997, new edition 2003, ISBN 3-8258-3128-0
  • Uwe Schürmann: Move with speaking. Improve voice and charisma with phonation that is adapted to the rhythm of breathing . Verlag Ernst Reinhardt, Munich / Basel 2007, ISBN 978-3-497-01906-9
  • Roland W. Wagner: Basics of Oral Communication. Speech pedagogical information modules for everyone who has to talk a lot and well . 9th edition, BVS, Regensburg 2004, ISBN 3-922757-80-4
  • Edith Wolf, Egon Aderhold: Speech-training exercise book. 17th edition, Henschel, Leipzig 2016, ISBN 978-3-89487-035-5


  • Roland W. Wagner (Ed.): Speak. Journal for Speech Science - Speech Pedagogy - Speech Therapy - Speech Art. bvs publishing house, Regensburg, ISSN  0724-1798 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Speech training  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Study facilities

Professional associations

Individual evidence

  1. Institute for Speech Art and Communication Education , accessed on August 29, 2011.
  2. Saarland University ( Memento of the original from April 18, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 10, 2011 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.uni-saarland.de
  3. Theater Academy Stuttgart - Speech Art / Language Pedagogy
  4. dgss , accessed on August 29, 2011.