Statistical classification of the economic sectors in the European Community
Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006
|Title:||Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of December 20, 2006 establishing the statistical classification of the economic sectors NACE Revision 2 and amending Regulation (EEC) No. 3037/90 of the Council and some EC regulations about certain areas of statistics|
|NACE revision 2|
|Legal matter:||Business law , official statistics|
|Basis:||EGV in particular|
|To be used from:||January 1, 2008|
|Reference:||OJ L 393, December 30, 2006, pp. 1-39|
Consolidated version (not official)
|Regulation has entered into force and is applicable.|
|Please note the information on the current version of legal acts of the European Union !|
|Statistical classification of the economic sectors in the European Community|
|providers||European Commission ( RAMON )|
|languages||Official languages of the European Union , plus z. B. Turkish|
|Content||Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (NACE)|
The statistical system of economic sectors in the European Community ( French Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne ), usually referred to only as NACE , is a system for the classification of economic sectors that is used by the European Union on the basis of the ISIC ( International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities ) of the United Nations . It also corresponds to the Swiss Nomenclature Générale des Activités économiques ( NOGA ).
These classifications are used to classify data within the framework of the common statistics by Eurostat , as well as the national official statistics , and refer to statistical units, i.e. an individual establishment or a group of establishments, an economic entity, i.e. an enterprise or a Branch of the economy .
A NACE class is relevant for the detailed assignment of units to economic sectors and the units falling under the individual classes carry out the same activities as far as possible. NACE Rev. 2 is divided into (in brackets Rev 1.1):
- 21 sections (formerly 17) - letter code
- 88 departments (formerly 62) - two-digit number code
- 272 groups (formerly 224) - three-digit number code
- 615 classes (formerly 514) - four-digit number code
According to main industrial groups (intermediate goods, capital goods, consumer goods, goods and energy).certain groups are into five
Table: NACE Rev. 2: Sections and NACE Rev. 1.1
The following table contains the sections and the numbers of the associated departments according to NACE Rev. 2 in the version of Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 and, compared to these, the sections of NACE Rev. 1.1 in the version of Regulation (EC) No. 29/2002
|NACE Rev. 2||NACE Rev. 1.1|
|01-03||A.||Agriculture, forestry, fishing||A.||Agriculture and Forestry|
|B.||Fishing and fish farming|
|05-09||B.||Mining and quarrying of stones and earth||C.||Mining and quarrying of stones and earth|
|10-33||C.||Manufacturing / production of goods||D.||Manufacture of goods|
|35||D.||power supply||E.||Energy-and water supply|
|36-39||E.||Water supply ; Sewage and waste disposal and pollution removal|
|41-43||F.||Building trade / construction||F.||construction|
|45-47||G||Trade ; Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles||G||Trade; Maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and household goods|
|49-53||H||Transport and storage||(I)||Transport and communications|
|55-56||I.||Hospitality / lodging and gastronomy||H||Hotels and restaurants|
|58-63||J||information and communication||I.||Transport and communications|
|64-66||K||Provision of financial and insurance services||J||Credit institutions and insurance companies (excluding social insurance)|
|68||L.||Real estate and housing||K||Real estate and housing, rental of movable property , provision of business-related services|
|69-75||M.||Provision of professional, scientific and technical services|
|77-82||N||Provision of other economic services|
|84||O||Public administration , defense ; Social insurance (→ public service )||L.||Public administration, defense; social insurance|
|85||P||Education and instruction||M.||Education and instruction|
|86-88||Q||Health and social services||N||Health, Veterinary and Social Services|
|90-93||R.||Arts , entertainment and recreation||O||Provision of other public and personal services|
|94-96||S.||Provision of other services|
|97-98||T||Private households with domestic staff ; Production of goods and provision of services by private households for their own use without a pronounced focus||P||Private households|
|99||U||Extra-territorial organizations and bodies||Q||Extra-territorial organizations and bodies|
Example of a NACE classification
A NACE class is therefore given a four-digit code and a statistical unit is assigned to the class relevant to it in its activity. For example, publishing a reference work on the Internet would be:
- Section J - Information and Communication
- 63 Information services
- 63.1 data processing, hosting and related activities; Web portals
- 63.12 Web portals
- This class includes "the operation of other websites that function as Internet portals, for example media websites with regularly updated content"
- 63.12 Web portals
- 63.1 data processing, hosting and related activities; Web portals
- 63 Information services
The development of a common European classification dates back to the 1960s.
The Nomenclature des Industries établies dans les Communautés Européennes 'Systematics of the branches of the manufacturing industry in the European Communities' (NICE) was drawn up in 1961–1963, it was initially based on a three-digit code, and was later subdivided more finely. Their main groups were mining , the power industry , the Manufacturing / producing goods and construction / construction. In 1965 the Nomenclature du Commerce dans la CEE ' Nomenclature of Commerce in the EEC' (NCE) was created for the branches of commerce . In 1967 a nomenclature for services and one for agriculture were added.
In 1970 these systems were combined to form the NACE - Nomenclature générale des activités économiques dans les Communautés Européennes 'General classification of economic sectors in the European Communities' . It had two drawbacks, firstly it was not Community law, data in national statistics were collected within traditional systems, and secondly it was not developed within a recognized international framework.
In order to ensure international comparability, it was decided to adopt the International Standard Classification of Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev. 3, which was adopted in February 1989 by the United Nations Statistics Commission . The reason for the European version was the inadequate structure of the key figures for monitoring and representing the European economies. In addition, such a classification system had to be properly revised and changes in technology and economic structures had to be taken into account. Nevertheless, it was ensured that compatibility between NACE and ISIC was maintained in cooperation with the United Nations Statistical Office . NACE Rev. 1 was introduced by Council Regulation No. 3037/90 of 9 October 1990 .
In 2002, some minor adjustments, NACE Rev. 1.1, were made, including updating newly created activities ( e.g. call centers ) and adapting them to changes in economy and technology at the end of the 20th century. It was published in Commission Regulation (EC) No. 29/2002 of December 19, 2001.
At the same time, however, a revision of NACE was started ( Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 , December 2006, provisions on the implementation of NACE Rev. 2 and the coordinated transition). Between 2000 and 2007, a more extensive revision of international and European goods and economic activity classifications was carried out (Operation 2007) , which was incorporated into the revision. It also implements the current ISIC Rev. 4.
NACE Rev. 2 is a compromise between the level of detail required by “the main users” and the workload of the statistical offices. In principle, NACE Rev. 2 is to be applied from 1 January 2008 for statistics in which reference is made to economic sectors (Article 8 of the NACE Regulation contains details on implementation).
A central concern of NACE Rev. 2 is also the comparison with the other statistical classifications that are used within the EC and in dealing with the international level.
- European Classification of Products by Activity
- Combined nomenclature - European goods classification European goods classification used for foreign trade statistics
- European system of production statistics in mining and manufacturing / manufacturing for statistics on industrial production in the EU
- International Standard Industrial Classification of the United Nations
- Central Product Classification of the United Nations
- Broad Economic Categories (system of goods according to major economic categories ), United Nations classification for grouping foreign trade goods according to major economically important categories for economic analysis
- Standard International Trade Classification of the United Nations
- Harmonized system for designating and coding goods of the World Customs Organization
In addition to the EU member states, Norway and Switzerland also use NACE-compatible statistics, as do around ten other countries outside the EU or the candidate countries such as Turkey. Over 150 countries around the world use business classifications based on either NACE or ISIC.
The NACE stands u. a. on the online classification server "RAMON" of the EU authority Eurostat.
The common statistical system of the economic sectors "improves the comparability between national, community and international classifications and thus also of national, community and international statistics." However, in order to take national needs into account, the Member States can, in accordance with Article 4 of the Regulation, add additional positions and levels in their national classifications that further subdivide NACE.
- The classification of economic sectors WZ 2003 used in German official statistics is based on NACE Rev. 1.1. The current edition 2008, also called WZ 2008 , is based on NACE Rev. 2.
- ÖNACE is the name of the classification system used in Austria. In January 2008 the previous system ( ÖNACE 2003 , based on NACE Rev. 1.1 ) was revised. The current classification is called ÖNACE 2008 and is based on NACE Rev.2 .
- The Swiss takeover is the NOGA system (Nomenclature Générale des Activités économiques) , the current version of which is NOGA 2008 , which is based on NACE Rev. 2. The NOGA system is managed by the Federal Statistical Office and is also used by it in many of its own surveys.
- Standard Industrial Classification (SIC), USA
- Nomenclature of Sources of Emission - Process List
- International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO)
Norms and laws
- NACE Rev. 2:
- NACE Rev. 1.1: Commission
- NACE Rev. 1:
- eurostat (Ed.): NACE Rev. 2 Statistical classification of economic sectors in the European Community (= Methodologies and Workingpapers ). 2008, ISBN 978-92-79-04740-4 , ISSN 1977-0383 ( ec.europa.eu [PDF] catalog number: KS-RA-07-015-DE-N).
- Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, Rev. 2 (NACE Rev. 2) , RAMON online classification server from Eurostat (multilingual)
- List of NACE codes , European Commission (text has not been updated since March 26, 2010)
- The Statistical Classification of Economic Activities ─ NACE Revision 2 , Eurostat (information on NACE)
- Statistics on the production of goods , Eurostat (statistics based on NACE)
- Online classification server "RAMON" of the EU authority Eurostat
- unstats.un.org - ISIC Rev.4
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 2.1 Criteria for drawing up NACE. Criteria for classes 40., p. 23 .
- Weblink eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 1.3 NACE: Background and legal framework - From NICE to NACE Rev. 2 , p. 16 ff .
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 1.4 The NACE revisions. 36., p. 19 .
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 37., p. 20 .
- Quotation literally eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 31., p. 19 .
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 1.1 NACE and the integrated system of classification of activities and products. The international system of economic classifications 3., p. 15th f .
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 4.3 Relationship with other multinational classifications 132. Other classifications , p. 45 .
- eurostat (ed.): NACE Rev. 2 . 4.1 Links to international classifications. The international family of economic and social classifications , p. 41 ff .
- , Article 1
- ÖNACE 2008 and its implementation ( memento of the original from January 9, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Statistics Austria
- ÖNACE 2008 - Classification of Economic Activities , Austrian Chamber of Commerce
- NOGA system ( Memento of the original from June 14, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Federal Statistical Office of Switzerland