Supervised Diver

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The Supervised Diver (for English Supervised Diver ) describes the minimum requirements for a basic diving training and Certification Fees for scuba divers , in the international standard ISO 24801-1 and the relevant European standard EN 14153-1 are specified. Various diving organizations offer diving training that meets the requirements of a supervised diver. A certification that corresponds to a supervised diver entitles you to dive in the company of a diving guide or diving instructor in open water. Most diving organizations recommend not exceeding a depth of 10 to 12  meters . After successfully completing a training equivalent to a supervised diver, what has been learned can be deepened and expanded in an equivalent training to an autonomous diver (according to ISO 24801-2).

Before basic diving training as a diver and afterwards at regular intervals, a diver should undergo a diving medical examination by a diving doctor . In some countries, such an examination is required by law and is a prerequisite for any training in many diving schools .

At many diving centers , a diving certificate that corresponds to the Autonomous Diver (according to ISO 24801-2) and a medical certificate are the minimum requirements to be able to rent diving equipment and to be taken on guided dives. In many places, a certification that only corresponds to a supervised diver is not considered sufficient. In some countries (e.g. in Australia ), laws require every diver to have completed basic diving training that is at least equivalent to the Autonomous Diver . Since the usual certifications for recreational divers are not official documents, they are merely recommendations. In places where there are no legal regulations, it is not uncommon for the responsible dive guide or instructor to decide whether to allow a diver who is equivalent to a supervised diver to participate in guided dives.

Training according to ISO 24801-1

Around 1.7 million people worldwide are trained in accordance with ISO 24801 every year. Despite the common standardization, the diving courses of individual diving organizations differ considerably in content, expansion and philosophy. However, the minimum requirements defined in the ISO standard guarantee that a diver can easily change training organization.

The following training courses meet the requirements of the Supervised Diver:


CMAS itself does not offer any training that corresponds to a supervised diver. However, there are some CMAS member organizations (e.g. VDST or IAC ) that offer such training and certification independently of CMAS. Mostly it is called Basic Diver or something similar. The contents, regulations and names of the individual CMAS member organizations could, however, differ considerably from one another.

NAUI Passport Diver

Although the NAUI  Passport Diver ( PD ) is not a diving course, but only an opportunity for interested laypeople to get a taste of the subject of diving, all contents are conveyed in it that are required in the standard for the supervised diver. The Passport Diver includes two guided dives in confined water and a previous theoretical introduction. After participating in a Passport Diver offer, you may dive in the company of a NAUI Instructor (diving instructor) in free water to a maximum depth of 10 meters. The Passport Diver offer does not include a certification, but can be counted towards a NAUI Scuba Diver training ( SD ) within six months . The Passport Diver offer can be started without prior knowledge of diving. Normal physical health and fitness are required. Individuals wishing to take part in a Passport Diver offer must be at least 12 years old. A NAUI Junior Passport Diver can be attended from the age of 8. This offer for children only differs in that the same content is taught in a child-friendly manner.

PADI Scuba Diver

Overview of the PADI education system

The PADI Scuba Diver course ( SD ) is a basic diving training in which a diver can learn all the content required by the ISO standard for a supervised diver. Scuba Diver is free on German translated scuba divers . PADI allows SD divers to dive to a depth of 12 meters, accompanied by a PADI Divemaster or Instructor .

The PADI Scuba Diver course comprises the first three lessons of the five-part Open Water Diver course (OWD). Due to the modular structure, the OWD training can be divided into two courses through the preliminary stage of the PADI Scuba Diver. The SD course includes three theory and three swimming pool lessons, as well as at least two dives in open water with the compressed air diving device . PADI follows the “dive today” concept in training. Therefore, after a theory lesson, the associated dives usually take place on the same day. The swimming pool dives - which can also take place in free water, shallow places in the open water - serve to learn the basic and safety-relevant techniques. This includes getting into the water, breathing underwater with the compressed air diving device , using the fins , simply taring , blowing out the mask or regaining the regulator . The same exercises are sometimes repeated in the open water dives. The PADI SD course includes the following theoretical content:

  1. Lesson One
    1. Introduction to the underwater world
    2. Diving equipment
    3. Partner system (buddy)
  2. Lesson two
    1. Adaptation to the underwater world
    2. Breathing underwater
    3. Diving equipment
    4. Diving sign
  3. Lesson three
    1. The environment while diving
    2. Dive planning
    3. Boat dives
    4. Dealing with Problems - Preventing and Detecting
    5. General open water techniques

The PADI-SD training can be started without any previous knowledge of diving. Normal physical health and fitness are required. Student divers wishing to attend an SD course must be at least 15 years old. A PADI Junior SD course (JSD) can be attended from the age of 10. These children's diving courses only differ in that they convey the same content in a way that is suitable for children.

SSI Scuba Diver

The SSI Scuba Diver course ( SD ) is a basic diving training that is equivalent to the standardized supervised diver. The training includes at least two open water dives, which may only be carried out after successfully completing the theoretical training. SSI allows SD divers accompanied by a diving guide or instructor to dive to a maximum depth of 12 meters. After successful completion, what you have learned can be deepened and expanded in the Open Water Diver training ( OWD ). The SSI SD course can be started without prior knowledge of diving. Normal physical health and fitness are required and an SSI Medical Statement is required . The student must be able to swim 180 meters without an aid. Student divers wishing to attend an SD course must be at least 15 years old. An SSI Junior SD -Training can already be concluded from the age of 10 years. These children's diving courses only differ in that they convey the same content in a way that is suitable for children.

Further training

Quite a few diving organizations do without a training level corresponding to the supervised diver and define the contents of the autonomous diver according to (ISO 24801-2) as the lowest training and certification level. In addition to the above, the following training courses correspond to the supervised diver according to ISO 24801-1:

Diving organization Training / certification
Disabled Divers International DDI Supervised Diver SD
International Association for Handicapped Divers IAHD Tourist Diver TD
International Scuba Diving Academy ISDA Scuba Diver SD
National Academy of Scuba Educators NOSE Scuba Diver SD
National Diving League NDL Novice Diver ND
Association of German diving instructors VDTL Basic Diver
Worldwide Academy of Scuba Educators WASE Scuba Diver SD
World Organization of Scuba Diving WOSD Supervised Diver SD


Critics particularly accuse the commercial diving training organizations (e.g. PADI or SSI) that the basic training gives the student the illusion that he can already dive well by overemphasizing the importance of the courses and the exams compared to diving practice and constant practice . By dividing diving training into as many small, incomplete certification levels as possible, the organizations try to optimize their profits at the expense of safety.

Commercial training organizations counter that it is primarily a matter of making the experience of the underwater world accessible to a broad mass, in order to u. a. also to strengthen interest in the protection of the environment and species under water. A lower inhibition threshold for entering the diving sport is realized by the fact that, especially in the basic training, only the essentials are taught in order to be able to dive safely under the appropriate conditions. Due to the modular orientation, only that material is taught that is important for beginners to dive safely. It is important to note that student divers should not dive in conditions more challenging than those in which they were trained in the basic course.

In the end, many non-commercial associations (e.g. VDST and other members of the CMAS) follow this logic in part by offering training courses that are equivalent to supervised diver and which only provide part of the knowledge and practical skills required for independent diving convey.

Individual evidence

  1. Recreational diving services - Requirements for the training of recreational scuba divers - Part 1: Level 1 - Supervised diver (ISO 24801-1). ISO , accessed April 29, 2015 .
  2. Recreational Scuba Diving & Snorkelling Safety in Australia. (PDF) An identification, summary and analysis of policies, legislation and standards relevant to recreational scuba diving and snorkelling. DAN Asia, Pacific Head Office, Ashburton and Royal Life Saving Society Australia (RLSSA), 2008, accessed March 4, 2014 .
  3. 945,000 certifications ( Worldwide Corporate Statistics 2013 (PDF;. 232 kB) Data for 2007-2012 PADI February 2013 filed by the original on November 2, 2013 ; accessed on November 1, 2013 (English). ) At a market share of 56%, ( Greg: . 2013 market Share of Scuba Certification Agencies (PADI, NAUI, SSI), July 25, 2013, accessed November 1, 2013 (English). ) result in a market of about 1.7 million .
  4. Training Map. CMAS International, accessed March 17, 2014 .
  5. Certificate. (PDF) No. EUF - CB 2007 004. European Underwater Federation (EUF), accessed on December 2, 2013 .
  6. Markus vom Scheidt: NAUI Passport Diver diving course. (No longer available online.), archived from the original on February 23, 2013 ; accessed on March 18, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. ^ PADI Open Water Diver Theory ( Memento from September 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), Wolfgang Exler
  8. PADI: PADI Open Water Diver Manual Version 2.5 Rev. 11/04. International PADI Inc, Rancho Santa Margarita, 2004, ISBN 1-878663-16-X
  9. a b 2014 Training & Dive Center Standards. (PDF) Scuba Schools International / v102813. (No longer available online.) Concept Systems International GmbH, October 28, 2013, p. REC-8 , formerly in the original ; Retrieved February 25, 2014 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  10. EUF Certified Training Systems / Training Organizations. European Underwater Federation (EUF), accessed April 21, 2017 .
  11. ^ Stanford Suzuki: Unsafe at any Depth: PADI Scuba Diver. CDNN - Cyber ​​Diver News Network, archived from the original on January 6, 2006 ; accessed on April 1, 2014 (English): "In the meantime, we urge divers and PADI diving professionals to just say" No "to the PADI" Scuba Diver "course."
  12. Shane E. Paterson: SCUBA Diving. Agencies. University of Georgia , Athens, archived from the original on October 28, 2006 ; accessed on April 3, 2014 .