University of Georgia
The University of Georgia , based in Athens , Georgia , is the oldest state university in the United States. There are about 34,000 students and 2,794 faculty at the university. It has an annual budget of approximately US $ 1.2 billion and is spread over a total of 327 buildings. The university is one of the best state universities in the USA ( Public Ivy ). Since 1931 it has been part of the University System of Georgia , administered by the Board of Regents.
The university shapes the city of Athens both culturally and politically.
The university was founded on January 27, 1785. The first president of the university was the politician and US Senator from Georgia, Abraham Baldwin , from Connecticut , educated at Yale . He was one of two University of Georgia leaders who helped sign the United States Constitution . The second was William Few .
The actual establishment of the university took place in 1801 after the appropriate land on the banks of the Oconee River had been selected. The first building was initially named after Benjamin Franklin Franklin College and is now known as the Old College . The first class of students graduated in 1804. Since 1843 law has also been taught in addition to the “classic” subjects (English, history, natural sciences) . There have been courses in agriculture and mechanics since 1872.
A wooden fence used to protect the university from cattle. In 1858 the fence was replaced by an iron fence and "The Arch" (the archway). It is said that freshman students used to step over the fence to leave university.
During the American Civil War , the university closed in October 1863 and reopened in January 1866 with 87 students.
Only white men were allowed to study for the first hundred years. Women were first admitted to summer courses in 1903 and, from 1918, also to regular studies. Mary Lyndon became the first woman to receive an MA from university in 1914 . The first woman to get a bachelor's degree was Mary Creswell, who received a BS in home economics in 1919 . Creswell Hall and Mary Lyndon Hall women's student residences are named after them. Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton E. Holmes were the first accepted African American students. They were not admitted until the end of segregation in 1961.
The university has 14 colleges and schools :
- Franklin College of Arts and Sciences - since 1801
- College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - since 1859
- School of Law - since 1859
- College of Pharmacy - since 1903
- DB Warnell School of Forest Resources - since 1906
- College of Education - since 1908
- Graduate School - since 1910
- C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business - since 1912
- Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication - since 1915
- College of Family and Consumer Sciences - since 1933
- College of Veterinary Medicine - since 1946
- School of Social Work - since 1964
- College of Environment and Design- since 1969
- School of Public and International Affairs - since 2001
- Champ Bailey (born 1978), American football player
- Robert Benham , the first black judge on the Georgia Supreme Court
- Saxby Chambliss (* 1943) and Johnny Isakson (* 1944), US Senators
- AD "Pete" Correll, CEO of Georgia-Pacific Corp.,
- Cathy Cox , Georgia Secretary of State
- Norman Fletcher , the presiding judge of the Georgia State Supreme Court
- Crawford W. Long (1815-1878), medical practitioner
- Herdis McCrary (1904-1981), American football player
- Robert McTeer, Texas A&M University Chancellor
- Pat Mitchell , President of the Public Broadcasting Service
- Alec Ogletree (born 1991), American football player
- Sonny Perdue (born 1946), the governor of Georgia
- David St. James (born 1947), actor
- Mark Taylor, Deputy Governor of Georgia,
- Charley Trippi (born 1921), American football player and coach
- Bobby Walston (1928-1987) American football player
- Hines Ward (born 1976), American football player
- Todd Gurley (born 1994), American football player
- Matthew Stafford (born 1988), American football player
- Rashad Wright (born 1982), basketball player
- Dick Yelvington (1928-2013), American football player
- the members of the REM group who met while studying at the University of Georgia
- AJ Green (born 1988), American football player