Time Out (album)
|Studio album by the Dave Brubeck Quartet|
June 25th , July 1st and 18th August 1959
|Label (s)||Columbia Records|
Time Out is the title of a jazz album by the Dave Brubeck Quartet that was released in December 1959.
History of origin
The name of the LP is derived from the odd time signature, which is unusual for jazz (e.g. 5/4 time in Take Five or 9/8 time in Blue Rondo à la Turk ), thus switching off the 4 / 4-beat ("Time") off. Odd time signatures were the trademark of the Dave Brubeck Quartet.
It was made between June 25 (tracks 4-6), July 1 (tracks 2 and 3) and August 18, 1959 (tracks 1 and 7) at the CBS 30th Street Studio in New York City . This recording studio belonged to the CBS , on whose label the album also appeared. Sound engineer was from Munich native Fred Plaut . It includes a mix of cool jazz and West Coast jazz . Under music producer Teo Macero Brubeck Quartet came in the occupation of Dave Brubeck (piano), Paul Desmond (alto saxophone), Eugene Wright (bass) and Morello Joe together (drums).
Blue Rondo à la Turk begins in 9/8 time, with the 9 beats grouped as 2 + 2 + 2 + 3. The piece alternates in a transitional chorus between 9/8 and 12/8, remains in 12/8 time for the improvisations, and returns to the theme in 9/8 time via a corresponding transition chorus .
Strange Meadow Lark is played rubato in the introduction by Brubeck , but it sounds partly with waltz accompaniment, in the improvisation parts it is in 4/4 time and ends again rubato.
Take Five is kept in 5/4 time throughout.
Three to Get Ready changes, corresponding to three to get ready - four to go, every two bars between 3/4 time and 4/4 time. Sometimes the piano takes over the theme in 3/4 time and the saxophone in 4/4 time.
Kathy's Waltz, a misspelling of the first name of Dave Brubeck's daughter, Cathy, begins in 2/2 time with a kind of stretched theme, whereby the syncopation conveys a waltz feeling, brings saxophone and piano improvisation, which then goes to 3/4 time and in a last chorus in 6/8 time, to then bring the final theme in the "correct" 3/4 time. This piece also became a standard.
Everybody's Jumpin ' is mainly held in 6/4 time, initially and alternately in 4/4 time, while Pick Up Sticks remains in constant 6/4 time.
Publication and Success
Published on December 14, 1959 under the title Time Out (CBS 8192) LP came in the first on 26 November 1961 Billboard -Pop-album charts , where it stayed for a week in second place. Although the album was planned as an experiment and received negative reviews upon release, it became one of the top-selling jazz albums. Desmond's catchy solos and Morello's drumming play an important role in the success of the album. Brubeck himself plays the piano in a less flexible block chord style. The album was the first in jazz to sell over a million copies. The design of the original cover by S. Neil Fujita uses contemporary art.
Due to the success of the album, the album Time Further Out followed in 1962 , which also contained two hits, Unsquare Dance and It's a Raggy Waltz , but did not achieve the same cohesion as its predecessor.
All compositions are by Dave Brubeck , except Take Five , which was composed by Paul Desmond .
- Blue Rondo à la Turk - 6:44
- Strange Meadow Lark - 7:22
- Take Five - 5:24
- Three to Get Ready - 5:24
- Kathy's Waltz - 4:48
- Everybody's Jumpin ' - 4:23
- Pick Up Sticks - 4:16
The music magazine Jazzwise added the album to The 100 Jazz Albums That Shook the World list ; Keith Shadwick wrote:
“Brubeck rarely gets his due. A shame, because his good qualities are pretty special. For starters, he knew exactly the way to get the best from Paul Desmond, and for that we should all be down on our knees in thanks. Secondly, he's a distinctive composer with a knack for melody, as this fine album demonstrates, even if the defining tune, Take Five , is a Desmond composition. It's also important to stress Brubeck's commitment to collective invention within his group: still an unusual thing in jazz in 1959. Put that all together and the unusual time signatures that mark this album out tend to pale in significance while the music remains convincing. "
“Brubeck rarely gets his right. It's a shame, because its good qualities are something very special. First, he knew exactly how to get the most out of Paul Desmond, and for that we should all be on our knees thanks. Second, he's an unmistakable composer with a flair for melody, as this fine album shows, even if the title track, Take Five , is one of Desmond's compositions. It's also important to emphasize Brubeck's commitment to collective invention within his group: still an unusual thing in jazz in 1959. All of this combined, as well as the unusual time signatures that make this album stand out, tend to fade in importance while the music remains convincing. "
Rolling Stone magazine voted the album 23rd of the 100 best jazz albums in 2013.
In 2005 Time Out was listed as one of 50 recordings in the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress . Take Five was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1996 , with the album following in 2009.
Time Out is one of the 1001 albums You Must Hear Before You Die .
- Brubeck, Time Out in the jazz piano series published by Hansen House Verlag, transcribes Brubeck's pieces and piano solos very precisely.
- Time Out in the Internet Archive
- Review at Rondo - Das Klassik & Jazz Magazin
- Review at NPR.org
- ↑ Dave Brubeck . In: Der Spiegel . No. 50 , 2012, p. 170 ( online ).
- ^ Obituary by Neil Fujita
- ↑ Review by Steve Huey on allmusic.com (accessed October 25, 2017)
- ↑ Review by Maik Brüggemeyer (2009 publication) on rollingstone.de (accessed on October 25, 2017)
- ^ The 100 Jazz Albums That Shook The World
- ↑ Rolling Stone: The 100 Best Jazz Albums. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- ↑ GRAMMY Hall Of Fame on grammy.com (accessed July 26, 2020)