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Nouakchott Trarza Dakhlet Nouadhibou Brakna Gorgol Guidimaka Assaba Tagant Inchiri Hodh El Gharbi Adrar Tiris Zemmour Hodh Ech Chargui Senegal Mali Marokko Spanien (Kanarische Inseln) Westsahara: de-facto teils zu Marokko und vollständig von Marokko beansprucht Algerien
Location of the Trarza administrative region in Mauritania
Departments in Trarza

Trarza ( Arabic ولاية الترارزة, DMG Wilāyat at-Tarāriza ) is an administrative region in the southwest of the West African country of Mauritania . In the 2017 national estimate, Trarza had 291,200 inhabitants.

The capital of the administrative region and one of the six subdivided districts ( Rosso ) is Rosso , the names of the other districts are also after their main towns:

Trarza borders the administrative regions Inchiri and Adrar in the north, Brakna in the east, Senegal in the south and the Atlantic Ocean and the capital Nouakchott in the west .


The core area of ​​the pre-colonial emirate of Trarza roughly coincides with today's administrative region. It consisted of an amalgamation of several Bani Hassan tribes belonging to the Bidhans . In the 18th century their influence reached further north along the coast to Arguin , in the northeast to the Adrar mountains and in the east to the emirate of Brakna in the administrative region of the same name today.

The income of the wealthy emirate was mainly generated by trading in gum arabic , which is harvested from Verek acacias .

Individual evidence

  1. Mauritania: Regions, Cities & Urban Places - Population Statistics in Maps and Tables. Retrieved May 15, 2018 .
  2. ^ Till Philipp Koltermann, Ulrich Rebstock : The oldest Arabic letters from the Emirs of Trarza (Mauritania): Documents of the Moorish policy of alliance with Holland and England 1721–1782. Zeitschrift für Weltgeschichte , 7, 2006, pp. 75–108 (FreiDok)

Coordinates: 17 ° 37 ′  N , 14 ° 35 ′  W