|Systematics according to||Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany|
|Greater region 1st order||Low mountain range threshold|
|Greater region 2nd order||Rhenish Slate Mountains|
|Main unit group||33 →
|About main unit||338 →
|4th order region
|local community||Solingen , Leichlingen|
According to the handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany, the Lower Wuppertal comprises the Wupper valley between Solingen - Burg an der Wupper at a height of 100 m and Leichlingen - Balken at a height of 60 m. The river, which initially runs in an east-west direction, causes a slope across the mountains of the Rhenish Slate Mountains in the south and the higher Rhenish terraces in the north, which range from west-south-west to east-north-east . The height difference is 200 m to the neighboring height areas and to the terraces 100 to 150 m. The V-shaped valley of the Wupper reaches a depth of 100 m near Friedrichsaue and has an alternately narrow valley bottom. From there the valley widens in a box shape to a width of up to 500 m. At Haasenmühle the direction of flow changes to the southwest and at Müllerhof to the south. The Wupper meanders in the valley.
The valley slopes are steep, shallow and wooded. Geologically, they consist of slate , sandstone and greywacke . At the bottom of the valley there are meadows and pastures, and from the southwest bend there are also arable land and fruit-growing areas. A continuous valley road is only available on the section between Haasenmühle and Leichlingen. In the narrow Solingen area of the Wuppertal mainly smaller hamlets can be found, while the entire center of Leichlingen is located in a greatly expanded section of the valley. The water power of the Wupper was used for numerous grinding docks.
Places in the natural area (following the course of the river)
- Burg an der Wupper (district Unterburg)
- Balkhauser Kotten
- Balkhausen I, II and III
- House Nesselrath
- Leichlingen (town center)
- Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany: Sheet 108/109: Düsseldorf / Erkelenz (Karlheinz Paffen, Adolf Schüttler, Heinrich Müller-Miny) 1963; 55 p. And digital version of the corresponding map (PDF; 7.4 MB)