371 BC Chr.
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|371 BC Chr.|
Thebes general Epaminondas defeats the Spartan army
in the battle of Leuctra .
|371 BC In other calendars|
|Buddhist calendar||173/174 (southern Buddhism); 172/173 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||38th (39th) cycle , year of the metal dog庚戌 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rooster 己酉)|
|Greek calendar||1./2. Year of the 102nd Olympiad|
|Roman calendar||from urbe condita CCCLXXXIII (383)|
Politics and world events
Thebes refusal to comply with the General Peace of 375 BC Chr. The Boeotian federal dissolve leads on July 5 for battle of Leuctra against the Spartan phalanx . The Theban general Epaminondas leads the Boeoten to victory by using a crooked order of battle . The Spartan King Cleombrotus I is killed. The sacred band led by Pelopidas also played a major role in the victory . The battle marks the end of Spartan domination in the Peloponnese and the beginning of the brief Theban hegemony .
- Agesipolis II becomes the new king of the Spartan Agiad dynasty.
- Epaminondas instigates the establishment of Megalopolis in Arcadia , where the inhabitants of 40 surrounding places are settled, in order to create a political counterbalance to Sparta.
- Vahan succeeds Bagam to the throne of Armenia .
- Han Wen becomes the new margrave of the Chinese Han Empire .
science and technology
Aristotle and Ephorus observe a comet estimated to be 100 km in diameter, which breaks in two. This could be the origin of the Kreutz group .
- Democritus , Greek philosopher (* 460 BC )
- Callias III. , Athenian politician and general (* around 450 BC )
- Cleombrotus I , King of Sparta