|Region :||Central Transdanubia|
|Small area until December 31, 2012 :||Ajka|
|District since 1.1.2013 :||Ajka|
|Area :||95.05 km²|
|Residents :||29,131 (Jan. 1, 2011)|
|Population density :||306 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+36) 88|
|Postal code :||8400|
|Structure and administration (status: 2014)|
|Community type :||city|
|Mayor :||Béla Schwartz ( MSZP )|
|Postal address :||Szabadság tér 12
|(Source: A Magyar Köztársaság helységnévkönyve 2011. január 1st at Központi statisztikai hivatal )|
Ajka is located in the mountain range Bakony , north of Lake Balaton , on the River Torna . There are coal deposits in the area; fossil resins named after the city of Ajkait were found during coal mining .
Before 1865, the Ajka region was characterized by agriculture, handicrafts and trade. With the commissioning of the first brown coal mine in 1865, industrial development began in the city. In 1910 the first power station in Ajka was built. The operation of the bauxite mine and the aluminum plant finally gave the city a considerable economic boost . The factories were nationalized under the socialist planned economy.
The collapse of the socialist systems and the associated dissolution of the Soviet-Hungarian bauxite agreement plunged Ajka, which was monostructural under the socialist planned economy, into an economic crisis. In the agricultural sector, most production cooperatives went bankrupt after 1989.
Ajka is also known for its glass and crystal production. The “Ajka Kristaly” label has only come into its own in recent years. So far, the glassmakers have mainly worked for other labels, such as B. WMF , Bohemia Kristall , Marc Aurel or the Finnish Ittalla .
In a chemical accident, the so-called Kolontár dam breach , in an aluminum factory in October 2010, in which a collecting basin burst, approx. 1 million m³ of red mud spilled over approx. 40 km² of land downstream from Ajka . Eight people were killed in the accident and 120 were injured.
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- Edit B. Thomas : Ajka. County of Veszprém, Hungary . In: Richard Stillwell et al. a. (Ed.): The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ 1976, ISBN 0-691-03542-3 .
- Aerial views of Ajka
- The mine disaster near Veszprim. In: Wiener Bilder , No. 3/1909 (XIV. Volume), January 20, 1909, pp. 5 and 8 (online at ANNO ).
- Hungary: Aluminum factory - number of dead rises to four. Focus-Online, October 5, 2010
- Testvérvárosok. Ajka város, accessed March 29, 2018 (Hungarian).