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Ajka coat of arms
Ajka (Hungary)
Basic data
State : Hungary
Region : Central Transdanubia
County : Veszprém
Small area until December 31, 2012 : Ajka
District since 1.1.2013 : Ajka
Coordinates : 47 ° 6 '  N , 17 ° 34'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 6 '24 "  N , 17 ° 33' 49"  E
Area : 95.05  km²
Residents : 29,131 (Jan. 1, 2011)
Population density : 306 inhabitants per km²
Telephone code : (+36) 88
Postal code : 8400
KSH kódja: 06673
Structure and administration (status: 2014)
Community type : city
Mayor : Béla Schwartz ( MSZP )
Postal address : Szabadság tér 12
8400 Ajka
Website :
(Source: A Magyar Köztársaság helységnévkönyve 2011. január 1st at Központi statisztikai hivatal )

Ajka [ ˈɒjkɒ ] (German Eikau ) is a Hungarian city ​​with about 29,000 inhabitants (as of 2011) in the district of the same name in Veszprém County .


Ajka is located in the mountain range Bakony , north of Lake Balaton , on the River Torna . There are coal deposits in the area; fossil resins named after the city of Ajkait were found during coal mining .


Before 1865, the Ajka region was characterized by agriculture, handicrafts and trade. With the commissioning of the first brown coal mine in 1865, industrial development began in the city. In 1910 the first power station in Ajka was built. The operation of the bauxite mine and the aluminum plant finally gave the city a considerable economic boost . The factories were nationalized under the socialist planned economy.

The collapse of the socialist systems and the associated dissolution of the Soviet-Hungarian bauxite agreement plunged Ajka, which was monostructural under the socialist planned economy, into an economic crisis. In the agricultural sector, most production cooperatives went bankrupt after 1989.

Ajka - aerial view

Ajka is also known for its glass and crystal production. The “Ajka Kristaly” label has only come into its own in recent years. So far, the glassmakers have mainly worked for other labels, such as B. WMF , Bohemia Kristall , Marc Aurel or the Finnish Ittalla .

In a chemical accident, the so-called Kolontár dam breach , in an aluminum factory in October 2010, in which a collecting basin burst, approx. 1 million m³ of red mud spilled over approx. 40 km² of land downstream from Ajka . Eight people were killed in the accident and 120 were injured.


The soccer club FC Ajka currently plays in the Nemzeti Bajnokság II , Hungary's 2nd league.

Town twinning


Web links

Commons : Ajka  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hungary: Aluminum factory - number of dead rises to four. Focus-Online, October 5, 2010
  2. Testvérvárosok. Ajka város, accessed March 29, 2018 (Hungarian).