Archdiocese of Vienne

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The diocese of Vienne existed from the 3rd century until the Concordat of 1801 . The bishopric was the city of Vienne in southern France .


The diocese arose in the Roman province of Gallia Viennensis and existed with certainty as early as 314. In 430 the diocese was elevated to a metropolitan diocese .

Around 464 there was a dispute between Archbishop Mamertus and Pope Hilarius because he himself installed a new bishop in Die . He was severely reprimanded by the Pope for this.

In 794, the Tarentaise diocese was elevated to an archbishopric and a separate church province with the suffragan dioceses Aosta and Sitten . The Archbishop of Vienne but kept to the bishops of these dioceses the privilege of consecrating .

The area of ​​the Diocese of Vienne belonged politically to the Burgundy Empire since the middle of the 5th century , to the Kingdom of Burgundy since the 9th century , and from 1033 formed one of the three main components of the Holy Roman Empire (along with Imperial Italy and the Regnum Teutonicum ) . From that time on, the archbishops of Vienne were secular feudal men of the Roman-German emperor : in 1023 the archbishop was enfeoffed with the county of Vienne , which at that time made up most of the area between Lyon and the main Alpine ridge . Two areas were given by the archbishop as an after fief : Albon in the south (from which the Dauphiné later developed) and Maurienne in the north (which later became Savoy ). Albon received Guigues I , Maurienne went to Humbert I with the white hands . What remained was a county of Vienne of smaller size, which had been in the hands of the Counts of Mâcon since 1085 at the latest . The fiefdom nexus of the other two fiefdoms was lost in the 12th century.

1112 was the occasion of a council in Vienne Emperor Henry V the ban pronounced because he the right of investiture claimed. 1311-13 the Council of Vienne took place, at which the Knights Templar was repealed and Corpus Christi was confirmed as a religious holiday.

In 1120, Pope Calixt II , who had been Archbishop of Vienne since 1088, decided that the bishoprics of Grenoble, Valence, St. Die, Viviers, Geneva and Maurienne should be Suffragane of Vienne. In addition, the Archbishop of Tarentaise was supposed to obey the Archbishop of Vienne, although the former was himself a metropolitan and had suffragans. The Archbishop of Vienne was given primacy over the ecclesiastical provinces of Aix , Auch , Bordeaux , Bourges , Embrun and Narbonne , and, since some of these seats already had primate status, the Archbishop of Vienne was also given the title of "Primate of the Primasse".

In the middle of the 15th century, the Dauphiné fell to France . The Archbishop of Vienne also recognized the feudal sovereignty of France in 1448, with the result that the Archbishopric left the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1801 the Archdiocese of Vienne was abolished. Its territory was divided between the dioceses of Grenoble and Valence .

Structure of the ecclesiastical province of Vienne on the eve of the Concordat of 1801 :

  • Archdiocese of Vienne
  1. Diocese of the
  2. Diocese of Geneva
  3. Diocese of Grenoble
  4. Diocese of Valence
  5. Diocese of Viviers

See also

Web links