Alfred Breslauer

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Alfred Breslauer (born June 23, 1866 in Berlin ; † March 19, 1954 in Zurich ) was a German architect of Jewish origin.


Alfred Breslauer studied architecture at the Technical University of Charlottenburg . During his studies he became a member of the Academic Association Motiv . After completing his studies, he initially worked as a trainee lawyer and assessor in the Prussian civil service. a. in the Prussian Ministry of Public Works in Berlin. In 1897 he left the civil service and worked for the well-known architect Alfred Messel .

From 1901 to 1934 he worked independently with the architect Paul Salinger - his brother-in-law.

In 1921, Breslauer was appointed a member of the Prussian Academy of the Arts . On December 9, 1933, he was expelled from the academy because of his Jewish descent. The exclusion was reversed in November 1945.

Breslauer was married to Dorothea Lessing, a daughter of the art historian Julius Lessing . Their daughter was the photographer and art dealer Marianne Breslauer (1909–2001).



Buildings designed by Breslauer can still be found in large numbers in Berlin, some of them are listed .

The R. M. Maaßen department store on Oranienplatz in Berlin-Kreuzberg , built by Breslauer and Salinger in 1903 and 1904, was, according to the company, “Germany's largest specialist store for women's clothing”. It was changed in 1938, badly damaged in the war and completely rebuilt in the 1950s. From 2002 to 2004 the house was renovated to approximate the original appearance.

The architects Breslauer and Salinger built a five-story private clinic in Berlin-Tiergarten in 1905 for the doctor Ernst Unger . Today the building is called Haus Unger .

The villa, which was also built by Breslauer and Salinger between 1906 and 1907 for the banker Carl Joerger on the Pohlesee in Berlin-Wannsee, is also a listed building and is used as a youth education center, the wannseeForum .

More buildings

  • 1898: Commercial building for the "Polish Pharmacy", Friedrichstrasse 153a in Berlin-Mitte (under monument protection)
  • 1900–1901: Landhaus Friedrich-Engels-Strasse 5 in Berlin-Niederschönhausen (under monument protection)

(from 1901 in the Breslauer and Salinger office )

  • 1901: Row of two-family houses in Berlin-Gesundbrunnen , Prinzenallee 46a-46h (on behalf of Hugo Heimann , individual houses then owned by Karl Liebknecht , Paul Singer and other SPD local politicians)
  • 1906: Villa Hoffmannstrasse 11 in Berlin-Treptow (under monument protection)
  • 1907–1908: Friedländer office building, Unter den Linden 67 in Berlin-Mitte (under monument protection)
  • 1907–1908: Landhaus Cimbernstrasse 36 in Berlin-Nikolassee (under monument protection)
  • 1912–1913: Landhaus Katharinenhof in Gransee
  • 1913: Landhaus Selchow for Paul Mankiewitz in Storkow (Mark)
  • 1913–1914: Villa for the banker Fritz Andreae , called Villa Paicos after 1945 , Kronberger Strasse 7–9 in Berlin-Grunewald (with gardens under monument protection)
  • 1928: Villa Griegstrasse 5/7 in Berlin-Grunewald (today the Kuwaiti Embassy)
  • 1928–1930: Manor house on Gut Bärenklau , called "Schloss Bärenklau"
  • 1931: Villa Bellerive in Zurich (today ZAZ-Bellerive, Zurich Architecture Center)


  • Buildings carried out 1897–1927. Julius Bard, Berlin 1927.


Web links

Commons : Alfred Breslauer  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The Black Ring. Membership directory. Darmstadt 1930, p. 29.
  2. ^ Dataset on Alfred Breslauer on the website of the Akademie der Künste, last accessed on September 5, 2011.
  3. Wolfgang Schächen (Ed.): A house on Oranienplatz in Berlin. On the history and architecture of the former Maaßen department store. Jovis, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-936314-04-7 .
  4. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  5. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  6. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  7. ^ Joachim Berger: Berlin - liberal & rebellious . Goebel, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-924591-02-4 .
  8. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  9. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  10. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  11. ^ City of Gransee, meeting point Katharinenhof eV (Ed.): The history of the Katharinenhof in Gransee. 2013. ( online as PDF)
  12. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  13. Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
  14. Dieter Hübener (arr.): Spree-Neisse district. Part 1: Cities of Forst (Lausitz) and Guben, Peitz Office and Schenkendöbern municipality. (= Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany , Monuments in Brandenburg , Volume 16.1.) Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2012, ISBN 978-3-88462-334-3 , S. #.
  15. ^ Joachim G. Jacobs: Bärenklau bei Guben. "Castle" and gardens. A neo-baroque country house from the early 20th century. In: Brandenburgische Denkmalpflege , 13th year 2004, issue 2, pp. 4–16.
  16. ZAZ Bellerive. Retrieved September 25, 2018 .