Alwin Diemer

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Alwin Diemer (born April 16, 1920 in Eisenberg (Pfalz) , † December 25, 1986 in Düsseldorf ) was a German philosopher , phenomenologist , scientific theorist and science manager.

Alwin Diemer. Signature 1964

Live and act

Alwin Diemer attended the humanistic grammar school in Landstuhl and the grammar school at the Kaiserdom in Speyer. After graduating from high school in 1938, he began studying medicine and philosophy at the Friedrich-Alexander University in Erlangen and the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . The Second World War brought him military service and imprisonment. Immediately after the war he resumed his studies and was able to complete his medical studies with the state examination and doctorate in Heidelberg in 1947 . From 1948 onwards Diemer was the scientific assistant of Fritz-Joachim von Rintelen at the University of Mainz , where he received his doctorate in 1950 with the dissertation “On the problem of the unconscious in its historical development”. phil. PhD. In 1954 he completed his habilitation in philosophy with the study “ Edmund Husserl . An attempt at a systematic presentation of his phenomenology ”. He taught as a private lecturer and from 1959 as an adjunct professor at the Philosophical Seminar of the University of Mainz and was instrumental in setting up the Mainz “ Studium Generale ”. In the summer of 1963 he accepted a call to Düsseldorf at the Medical Academy, which at that time was about to be transformed into a university. As their first humanities chair , Diemer founded the "Philosophical Institute", at which he set up a "Research Department for Philosophical Information and Documentation" (PHILIS) from 1967 and in 1969 a "Research Department for Philosophy of Science " was established. Diemer was elected rector in 1968 and 1969 and was then vice-rector until 1974 .

From 1963 to 1974 Diemer was a regular visiting professor in the USA ( Princeton et al.) And Canada. In Spain, Yugoslavia, Italy, Poland, the Soviet Union, Brazil and Venezuela as well as in Africa he gave guest lectures and lectures at many universities. From 1966 to 1970 Diemer worked as managing director of the " General Society for Philosophy in Germany ". In this capacity he organized the " German Congress for Philosophy " in Düsseldorf in 1969 . As President of the “ Fédération Internationale de Sociétés de Philosophy (FISP) ” (1978–1983) he was “16. World Congress for Philosophy “in Düsseldorf. In 1982 he organized an international philosophical Africa symposium as one of the last major events .

Since 1971 Diemer was the German representative in the "International Council for Science Policy Studies". From the same year he was Vice President and from 1974 to 1977 President of the Society for the History of Science. From 1972 to 1975 Diemer was still vice-president of the "German Society for Documentation" and from 1973 chairman of the committee for the theory of science at the German Research Foundation .

Shortly after his retirement, Diemer died of a stroke on Christmas Day 1986. On January 2, 1987, he was buried in his native Eisenberg.

Alwin Diemer's estate came to the Düsseldorf University Archives between 2001 and 2003.

Philosophy as a "new transcendental phenomenology"

As a science manager, stimulating, promoting and motivating in many ways, Alwin Diemer, as a philosopher, remained a constant concern of phenomenology . He started from Husserl , understood him from Kant and wanted to develop a “new transcendental phenomenology” from what he saw as their basic intentions. He fought for this “new phenomenology” in ever new drafts, in published and unpublished sketches and in his lectures, without being able to consolidate them in a larger monograph. With Kant philosophy was for him questions about the “conditions of possibility” of everything and everyone. His attention, and with it his questions, was always directed first to the words, the terminology of a thematic object, then to the facts, the “phenomena” that could be meant by them. “Orientation towards the primary givens in the hic et nunc” is what he called these investigations, from which “the transcendental inquiries in its various stages” began, inquiries regarding the reasons and prerequisites for something being given as a phenomenon. In doing so, he developed a great mastery of allowing “phenomena” to appear in the light of all possible traditional and newer “ metaphysics ”. His aim was to get involved in the historical world views and world views and their modern training in an understanding way, to hermeneutically "reconstruct" them, in order to put himself in a position to understand their "hinges" and "joints" from intimate familiarity with them. uncover what makes them fundamentally different and the foundation on which they ultimately rest. He called this the “ transcendental soil” and the question of what and how it is constituted should be the genuine research field of the “new phenomenology” and philosophy in general. In this sense, Diemer's endeavors to include other countries and cultures in the philosophical conversation are understood, especially - because at that time too little attention was paid to philosophy - South American and African ones.


Works (selection)

Standalone publications

  • Edmund Husserl. Attempt to systematically present its phenomenology . Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1956. 2., verb. Edition 1965
  • Introduction to ontology . Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1959
  • Outline of Philosophy Volume I: General Part . Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1962
  • Outline of Philosophy Volume II: The special philosophical disciplines . Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1964
  • What does science mean? Hain, Meisenheim am Glan 1964
  • Elementary Philosophy . Econ, Düsseldorf, Vienna

Publications as editor (selection)

  • (with Ivo Frenzel): Fischer Lexikon Vol. 11: Philosophy . Fischer library, Frankfurt a. M 1958. Revised 1980 (353th – 369th thousand), ISBN 3-596-40011-2
  • (with Lutz Geldsetzer and Gert König) Founding and publisher of the “Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie / Journal for General Philosophy of Science”, which was published by Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden, from 1970 to 1989 and since 1990 by Kluwer Academic under the English title Publishers (today: Springer) in Dordrecht. ISSN  0925-4560
  • Symposium on Philosophy in the Present Situation of Africa . Steiner, Wiesbaden 1981, ISBN 3-515-03273-8
  • (en coopération avec J. Paulin Hountondji): Africa and the problem of its identity / L 'Afrique et leproblemème de son identité / Africa and the problem of its identity [Internat. Philos. Symposium on Culture and Identity of Africa]. Lang Frankfurt a. M., Bern, New York 1985, ISBN 3-8204-5170-6


  • Lutz Geldsetzer and Gert König: Alwin Diemer (1920 to 1986) . In: Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie / Journal for General Philosophy of Science 18 (1987) pp. 1–21 and 355–359
  • Bibliography of the writings of Alwin Diemer . In: Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie / Journal for General Philosophy of Science 18 / 1–2, pp. 355–394 ( jstor ); Supplements to this, ibid. Vol. 20/2 (1989), pp. 391-394 ( jstor ).
  • Rafael Capurro : A. Diemers information hermeneutics. In R. Capurro: Hermeneutik der Fachinformation, Karl Alber, Freiburg i. Br. / Munich 1986. ISBN 3-495-47593-1 . Pp. 56-61

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Thomas Schwabach: On the development and assessment problems ... , Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen 2006, pp. 17–22.