August Ludwig von Rochau

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August Ludwig von Rochau (born August 20, 1810 in Wolfenbüttel , † October 15, 1873 in Heidelberg ) was a German publicist and politician .


August Ludwig von Rochau was born in Wolfenbüttel in 1810 and studied law , history and political science in Jena and Göttingen. In 1833 he was involved as a fraternity member (1829: Burschenschaft Teutonia Göttingen , 1830: Jenaische Burschenschaft , 1831: Burschenschaft Germania Jena ) in the assault on the Frankfurt Hauptwache . After the failure of the company, he was arrested and lifelong prison convicted. Therefore, with the help of friends, he fled to France and worked there as a correspondent for liberal German newspapers.

He experienced the revolutionary year of 1848 as a publicist in Germany, was then expelled from Berlin and spent two years in Italy. In 1848 he was a member of the preliminary parliament . In 1853 he settled in Heidelberg and published his best-known work, the principles of Realpolitik .

From 1860 to 1866 he worked as an editor for the weekly of the German National Association , of which he was a co-founder. On February 25, 1870, he was elected to the Reichstag of the North German Confederation in a replacement election and in 1871 to the first Reichstag of the German Empire . As a member of parliament, he represented the constituency of the Duchy of Braunschweig 2 (Helmstedt - Wolfenbüttel). August Ludwig von Rochau died in Heidelberg in 1873 as a result of a stroke.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 5: R – S. Winter, Heidelberg 2002, ISBN 3-8253-1256-9 , pp. 85-87.
  2. ^ Kurt Selle : Opposition fraternities in the country of Braunschweig , Wolfenbüttel, 1999, p. 25, online: PDF
  3. Federal Archives: Members of the Pre-Parliament and the Fifties Committee (PDF file; 79 kB)
  4. Bernd Haunfelder , Klaus Erich Pollmann : Reichstag of the North German Confederation 1867-1870. Historical photographs and biographical handbook (= photo documents on the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Volume 2). Droste, Düsseldorf 1989, ISBN 3-7700-5151-3 , photo p. 271, short biography p. 455–456.
  5. ^ Fritz Specht, Paul Schwabe: The Reichstag elections from 1867 to 1903. Statistics of the Reichstag elections together with the programs of the parties and a list of the elected representatives. 2nd Edition. Carl Heymann Verlag, Berlin 1904, p. 279.


  • Natascha Doll: Law, Politics and 'Realpolitik' with August Ludwig von Rochau (1810–1873). A contribution to the history of science on the relationship between politics and law in the 19th century. (= Studies on European Legal History, Volume 189), Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M. 2005, ISBN 3-465-03427-9
  • Christian Jansen:  Rochau, August Ludwig von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 21, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-428-11202-4 , p. 685 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Dieter Lent: Rochau, August Ludwig von . In: Horst-Rüdiger Jarck and Günter Scheel (eds.): Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon. 19th and 20th centuries . Hahnsche Buchhandlung Verlag, Hanover 1996, p. 493f.
  • Friedrich von Weech:  Rochau, August Ludwig von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 28, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889, p. 725 f.

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