Bellin (Krakow am See)
Bellin is a district of the city of Krakow am See in the Rostock district in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. Until 2004 Bellin was an independent municipality to which the villages of Marienhof and Steinbeck also belonged.
The place is in the center of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania about ten kilometers south of the district town of Güstrow in the northwest of the Krakow city area. Bellin is mainly surrounded by arable land and meadows, which are followed by forest areas in the north-east and south-west. To the west of the village lies a wetland, largely overgrown with quarry forest, which has slopes at its edges and is drained by the Teuchelbach in the direction of Nebel . After a change in the direction of flow, the Teuchelbach runs straightened north of the village through a damp depression below 25 m above sea level. NHN lies. The development of the place extends for about two kilometers along the roads to Zehna in the west and Steinbeck in the east and is about 40 m above sea level. NHN. In the area there are several named elevations such as the Beuckbarg (85 m) in the east, the Vierberg (54.1 m) in the north and the Wallberg (45.1 m) in the northwest.
Bellin was first mentioned in a document in 1229. Shortly afterwards, the Lords of Bellin were named several times as Werlesche vassals . Around 1300 they own the Bellin estates and other estates in the surrounding areas. After a daughter of Bernd Bellin married, the estate passed to Gerd von Linstow in 1449 , his descendants remained owners until 1662, after which it passed to the Sala family until the end of the 18th century. This was followed by the Counts of Hardenberg (1782), Osten-Sacken (1803), Hessenstein (1839), Friedrich August Peters (1849), Wilhelm von Meding (1851–1862), those of Zülow (1862–1876), Otto Karl Friedr . Herm. Koch (since 1877), Friedrich Gotthard Ed. von Pentz (since 1880) and Rittmeister Gerh. Baron von Marschall (since 1900).
A moated castle was built by the Wendish Bellin family , which in 1662 passed to Angelus de Sala, the personal physician of Duke Gustav Adolf of Mecklenburg-Güstrow . In the 18th century a manor was built next to it. In 1853 the patronage of the church was handed over to the rulership by Wilhelm von Meding. The assignment of the property to the von Marschalls happened for financial reasons. The Hamburg businessman and entrepreneur Henry B. Sloman bought it in 1910 and had the neo-baroque palace built by Paul Korff in 1911/1912, which is still preserved today.
The municipality of Bellin, which has existed since 1965, with its districts Marienhof and Steinbeck was incorporated into Krakow am See on January 1, 2005. In 2004 the community had 275 inhabitants.
Marienhof , previously Marienthal, has been called that way since 1822. The estate belonged to the families von der Osten-Sacken (from 1806), von Behr (from 1850), the piano maker Heinrich Roloff (from 1873) and Bronsart von Schellendorff (from 1877). It was relocated in the 1930s. The Marienhof manor house was built around 1880, was owned by the municipality after 1945 and was converted into a hotel and event location after 1995.
The former municipality of Bellin had a coat of arms and a flag. The coat of arms was also used in the official seal.
coat of arms
Blazon : "In red a silver ram's head looking forward, accompanied by three (1: 2) slanted silver oak leaves."
Description: “The flag of the municipality is striped in red, white and red across the longitudinal axis of the flag cloth. The red stripes each take up a quarter, the white stripe takes up half the length of the flag cloth. In the middle of the white stripe is the municipal coat of arms, which takes up two thirds of the height of the flag. The length of the flag is related to the height like 5 to 3. "
The extensive manor complex consists of a three-part farmyard, the middle part of which, together with the courtyard , follows the basic baroque structure. The courtyard is bordered in the north by a gatehouse and in the south by the castle built in 1910 with its adjoining park.
In the park next to a pavilion there is a manor chapel, which probably dates from the 19th century, and a baptismal font from the first half of the 13th century. Also worth mentioning is the water tower that was built around 1912 and is now in an open field. Its appearance is reminiscent of a defensive tower .
The monumental village church Bellin is a late Romanesque-early Gothic stone church from the middle of the 13th century with richly painted interior.
District road 23 leads through Bellin from Zehna to Greater Ticino . Other connecting roads and paths lead to the surrounding villages of Steinbeck, Marienhof, Groß Breesen and Mühl Rosin . The former district of Marienhof once had a somewhat remote stop on the Güstrow – Meyenburg railway line, which is no longer used for passenger traffic .
Literature and Sources
- Friedrich Schlie : The art and history monuments of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. IV. Volume: The district court districts of Schwaan, Bützow, Sternberg, Güstrow, Krakow, Goldberg, Parchim, Lübz and Plau. Schwerin 1901, reprint 1993, ISBN 3-910179-08-8 , pp. 320-326.
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of the German art monuments, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Munich, Berlin 2016, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , pp. 61–62.
- MUB I. (1863) No. 369, 411.
- Friedrich Schlie: The church village Bellin . 1901, pp. 320-326.
- Krakow am See, districts Bellin, Marienhof, Steinbeck. ( Memento from February 12, 2005 in the Internet Archive )
- Friedrich Schlie: The church village Bellin. 1901, pp. 320-326.
- State Statistical Office MV - Area changes 2005 (PDF; 89 kB)
- Population development in the municipalities in 2004 - State Statistical Office MV (PDF file; 473 kB)
- Manor houses & manors / manor houses - M / Marienhof. Retrieved May 19, 2020 .
- Main statutes of the Bellin municipality ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 32 kB)
- Georg Dehio: Bellin, district Güstrow. 2016, pp. 61–62.
- Bellin water tower on zwillingsmuehlen.de