|Arrondissement||5th and 6th arrondissement|
|The End||Avenue de l'Observatoire|
|Emergence||1855, 1859 ( Déclaration d'utilité publique )|
|designation||Decree of February 26, 1867|
|Original names||Boulevard de Sébastopol rive gauche|
The Boulevard Saint-Michel ( bulvaʁ sɛ̃ miʃɛl ), colloquially Boul 'Mich' , forms the border between the 5th and 6th arrondissement of Paris . The road running in north-south direction is 1380 meters long and 30 meters wide.
The street is on the Rive Gauche , the part of the city south of the Seine . It begins south of the Pont Saint-Michel bridge at Place Saint-Michel and ends at Avenue de l'Observatoire . It affects the Quartier de la Sorbonne and Quartier du Val-de-Grâce of the 5th arrondissement ( Arrondissement du Panthéon ) as well as the Quartier de la Monnaie and the Quartier de l'Odéon of the 6th arrondissement ( Arrondissement du Luxembourg ).
In its southern sector of the Boulevard Saint-Michel met with the park Jardin du Luxembourg . It is tunnelled along its entire length by line B of the S-Bahn- like rapid transit network Réseau express régional d'Île-de-France (RER). At its ends are the Saint-Michel - Notre-Dame and Port-Royal stations , with the Luxembourg station in between between the junction of Rue Gay-Lussac and Rue Auguste Comte.
The Boulevard Saint-Michel, like the Pont Saint-Michel, the Place Saint-Michel and the Fontaine Saint-Michel , owes its name to the Saint Michel du Palais church on the Île de la Cité in the 1st arrondissement, which was destroyed in 1784 .
The original name was Boulevard de Sébastopol -Rive Gauche . The Boulevard Saint-Michel received its current name on February 26, 1867.
The first part of the street to Rue Cujas was completed on August 11, 1855 as part of the extensive redesign of Paris under Baron Haussmann . It was not until four years later, on July 30, 1859, that the work that gave it its current course was finished.
During the construction of the Boulevard Saint-Michel, numerous medieval streets and squares of the old Quartier de Saint-Séverin , which had their origins in the 12th century , were greatly changed:
- part of the Place du Pont-Saint-Michel
- the rue de la Harpe between the Boulevard Saint-Germain and the Place Edmond-Rostand
- the Rue d'Enfer between the Place Edmond-Rostand and the Rue de l'Abbé-de-l'Épée
- the rue de l'Est between the rue August-Comte and the Boulevard du Montparnasse
- the rue Serpente with the Collège de Tours
The following have completely disappeared in the course of the construction work:
- the Rue Mâcon (former names: Rue de la Grande-Boucherie and Rue de la Vieille-Boucherie ) with the old Parisian aristocratic residence of the Dukes of Mâcon from the 12th century
- the Rue Poupée (former names: Rue Lias , Rue Laas , Rue Popée and Rue Pompée )
- the Rue Percée , a relic of the old street, is today's Impasse Hautefeuille
- the Rue des Deux Portes Saint-André is now the route of the Boulevard Saint-Germain
- the Passage d'Harcourt
- the rue Neuve de Richelieu
When planning his new boulevards, Baron Haussmann often did not pay much attention to the old building fabric. Houses that were in the way of his new wide boulevards were often demolished without further ado.
The Boulevard Saint-Michel around 1860-1870 (photography by Charles Marville )
German soldiers in March 1943 during the occupation (corner of Boulevard Saint-Michel and Rue Soufflot)
Sights along the Boulevard Saint-Michel
Looking south from Place Saint-Michel , the left side of the street of Boulevard Saint-Michel forms the border of the 5th arrondissement with the Latin Quarter , while the right side of the street belongs to the 6th Parisian arrondissement with the Jardin du Luxembourg .
Roman thermal baths and Hôtel de Cluny
To the south of the intersection with Boulevard Saint-Germain are the old Gallo-Roman thermal baths from the 1st to 3rd centuries and the Hôtel de Cluny from the 15th century. In September 2000, a small, publicly accessible “medieval garden” ( Jardin médiéval ) was laid out in front of the ruins of the old Roman baths and the Hôtel de Cluny . The thermal baths and the Hôtel de Cluny can now be viewed in the Musée national du Moyen Âge (National Museum of the Middle Ages). The entrance to the museum is on Place Paul Painlevé .
After the intersection with the Rue des Écoles , the Sorbonne complex , the oldest Parisian university, begins on the left . After about 150 meters, the Place de la Sorbonne turns left, which offers a view of the church building of the university.
The next major intersection is at Place Edmond Rostand . Rue Soufflot begins its short climb to the Pantheon on the left . The tombs of some of the most prominent French people in the fields of politics, science and literature are located in France's national hall of fame .
Jardin du Luxembourg
To the right of Place Edmond Rostand is the Jardin du Luxembourg . In addition to its extensive green spaces with the Palais du Luxembourg , the former palace park also houses the seat of the French Senate.
École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris
Behind the entrance to the Jardin du Luxembourg , the building of the École Nationale Supérieure des mines de Paris (ENSMP) rises on the right . To the 200 French écoles Grandes scoring Mining College is one of the major French engineering schools and was already in 1783 a decree King Louis XVI. founded.
Notable buildings and places of remembrance
- The physicist Édouard Branly lived in house no.87 from 1928 until his death in 1940
- The composer César Franck (1822–1890) lived in house number 95 from 1865 until his death
- The writer Charles Leconte de Lisle from 1872 until his death in 1892 in house number 64
- The politician Louis Marin lived in house no.95 from 1916 until his death in 1960
- The actor Paul Mounet died in 1922 in house number 63
- The actor Claude Rich (1929–2017) lived in his youth on the Boulevard Saint-Michel
- The Bulgarian revolutionary Zahari Stoyanov died in house number 31 in 1889
- The journalist Jules Vallès died in 1885 in house number 77
The most important buildings on Boulevard Saint-Michel are:
- Hotel de Cluny
- Lycée Saint-Louis , No. 44
- Hôtel de Vendôme , headquarters of the École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris , nos. 60–62
- Foyer international des étudiantes, No. 93
- Egyptian Embassy in France , No. 111
- Well-known artists worked in house no.115 between 1824 and 1948:
Pierre Cartellier (1757–1831), sculptor
Louis Petitot (1794–1862), sculptor
Eugène Devéria (1805–1865), painter
Louis Boulanger (1806–1867), painter
Henri Regnault (1843–1871), painter
Charles Cordier (1827– 1905), sculptor
Alexandre Falguière (1831–1900), painter and sculptor
Antonin Mercié (1845–1916), painter and sculptor
Luc-Olivier Merson (1846–1920), painter
Étienne Buffet (1866–1948), painter
Then there was from 1957 to the 1980s, it housed the Association des étudiants musulmans north-africains (AEMNA) . The building from 1824, its two workshops, the painting on the fourth floor, the sculpture on the ground floor and the oriental decoration from 1865 were demolished in 2018 to accommodate the future Moroccan cultural center .
Genome boards for historical persons or events were attached to numerous buildings.
The Bulgarian revolutionary Zahari Stoyanov died in house number 31 in 1889
Pierre Bounin died at house number 62 during the liberation of Paris
The plaque at house number 79 commemorates the death in 1944 of Jean Bachelet, a member of the FFI
The philosopher and politician Louis Marin lived in house no.95 from 1916 until his death in 1960
The northern part of the Boulevard Saint-Michel bordering the Seine is now one of the most popular and therefore busiest shopping streets in Paris. There are mainly bookshops, clothing, shoe and comic shops, as well as many street cafes and cinemas. The Fontaine Saint-Michel on the Place Saint-Michel is a popular meeting place for young people from all over the world. The Jardin du Luxembourg , which begins about 700 meters further south, is a popular green space in the city center with numerous chairs and benches. Under the Place Saint-Michel and the branch where there Rue Danton is located Metro Station Saint-Michel .
- The term Latin Quarter does not designate a quarter in the strict sense of the structure of the Paris administrative structure
- Saint Michel du Palais, une église proche du Palais de la Cité, servit pour le baptême des princes de France at histoires-de-paris.fr, accessed on December 15, 2019
- "Le bel été 96 de Claude Rich" , in www.lavie.fr/ , September 12, 1996
- Florence Evin, “Paris accueillera le premier Center culturel marocain en 2018” , lemonde.fr , 19 February 2016