from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Location of the commune of Bourail in the {{{département}}}
province Southern province
Aire coutumière Ajië-Aro
Coordinates 21 ° 34 ′  S , 165 ° 30 ′  E Coordinates: 21 ° 34 ′  S , 165 ° 30 ′  E
height 0-1.091 m
surface 797.60 km 2
Residents 5,444 (August 26, 2014)
Population density 7 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 98870
INSEE code 98803

Church in Bourail

Bourail is a municipality in the Southern Province of New Caledonia and is therefore one of the French overseas territories in the Pacific . The municipality is located on the River Néra and has a land area of ​​797.6 km² and a fixed population of 4779 inhabitants. Bourail is 162 km from Nouméa , the capital of New Caledonia. Bourail is also the name of the main town of the commune. Other places are: Azareu, Bouirou, Gouaro, Nandaï, Néméara, Nessadiou, Ny, Oua-Oué, Potê.

The highest point is the Mont Adéo with 1091 m.

Landscape image

Bourail's landscape is partly characterized by coasts, but the municipality also has a very mountainous landscape. The beaches are z. Some of them have been changed significantly by humans to make them more attractive to tourists. For the most part, however, they are very wild.


A military base was established in 1868 on the plain where Bourail is today. In 1870 a sugar factory and a farm were also founded here, on which released prisoners were instructed in the basics of agriculture. The place Bourail was founded in 1886. A flood of the Néra in 1996 caused extensive damage.

Turtle Bay / Baie des Tortues
201 au 28 -07-2004 553.jpg


Bourail is densely populated with six people per square kilometer by the standards of New Caledonia . The population is quite young as more than half of the population are under 30 years old. However, the municipality suffers from a high wave of emigration. To stop this trend, new schools have been built, but there is only one university in Nouméa.

Population development in Bourail (2009 estimated)
year 1956 1963 1969 1976 1983 1989 1996 2004 2009
Residents 2212 2312 2433 3149 3410 4122 4364 4779 5003
Ethnic distribution
Kanaks Polynesians Europeans Other
34.8% 3.3% 55.6% 6.3%
Main street in Bourail


The main crops are maize (300 ha of arable land) and potatoes (200 ha of arable land). Cattle and pigs are kept as farm animals . In addition, honey bees are bred.


  • The city's most important attraction is the museum, which was founded in 1986 in a building erected in 1870 for the military. Before that, the building served as a cheese factory from 1938. In 1980 it was listed as a historic building. The museum mainly exhibits art and everyday objects from the Melanesians, but also some tools and furniture from the first French settlers. A section commemorates the presence of New Zealand soldiers during the Second World War. A special attraction is the guillotine , with which a total of 80 people were executed.
  • The town hall ( Mairie ) was built at the beginning of the 20th century. The police station ( gendarmerie ) and the post office are also housed in renovated historic buildings - both from the 19th century. A few houses from the 19th century are still preserved in the main street.
  • The church with a wooden vault inside was built in 1877.
  • Not far from the city there are popular beaches with rock formations, the most famous of which is the prominent and widely visible Bonhomme monolith made of quartz . Not far from there is the Baie des Tortues , where turtles can be seen. On some of the beaches, e.g. For example, at the Plage de Poé , many types of water sports are possible.

Web links

Commons : Bourail  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population development in Bourail 1956–2009  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  2. Pierre Grundmann: Nouvelle Calédonie , p. 120. Paris 2012
  3. Pierre Grundmann: Nouvelle Calédonie , p. 119. Paris 2012
  4. Pierre Grundmann: Nouvelle Calédonie , p. 121. Paris 2012