As Burschentag meetings are from 1818 Fraternities referred.
The first boys' day took place in Jena in 1818 . There was the establishment of a General German fraternity decided (see also: Urburschenschaft ) . The second boys' day took place from October 10th to 18th in Jena.
After the Karlovy Vary resolutions came into force , the boys' days took place in secret and in different places. In 1820 the conference venue was Dresden , the speaker was Robert Wesselhöft . In 1821 a boys' day took place in Streitberg and in 1822 one in the Odenwald, whose spokesman was Hermann Askan Demme .
The differences between the individual fraternities were discussed at the 1827 Boys' Day in Bamberg . These resulted in a split into Armenian and Germanic fraternities, with the result that separate boys' days were held from 1829 until the General German Fraternity ceased to exist after the Frankfurt Wachensturm in 1833 .
It was not until 1850 that a boys 'day took place again, based on the Wartburg festivals, now for the first time in Eisenach , which in the following decades regularly became the meeting place for the boys' days of the mostly short-lived, newly founded fraternity umbrella organizations ( General Burschenschaft (1850), Eisenacher Burschenbund (1864), Eisenacher Convention (1870), Eisenach Deputy Convent (1874)).
Even after the establishment of the General Deputy Convent (1881), which later became the Deutsche Burschenschaft (DB), Eisenach was a regular conference venue until the First World War . Between the world wars, up to the dissolution of the DB in 1935, the boys' days alternated between Eisenach and other cities in the German Reich and in Austria ; In 1924 it took place in what was then the Free City of Danzig .
After the re-establishment of the DB in 1950, most of the boys' days took place in Landau in the Palatinate , due to the proximity to Hambach Castle . Since the reunification , Eisenach has been a permanent conference venue again - with the exception of the Boys' Day in 1997, which was held in Jena. In addition, two extraordinary boys' days took place in Marburg (2001) and Stuttgart (2012). Until 2013 there was also a ceremony at the Wartburg . Around this time the DB lost numerous members after violent internal disputes about direction. In the course of the public debate about the direction of the DB, which has moved further to the right, the Wartburg Foundation has not allowed this ceremony since 2014 because it is "committed to constitutional democratic principles" and the celebration for the Wartburg is therefore "no longer representative and thus no longer acceptable ”.
Since it was founded in 1996, the Neue Deutsche Burschenschaft (NeueDB) has also organized a boys' day every year at different locations, for example in Marburg in 1997 . The German Burschenschaft in Austria (DBÖ) also organizes Burschentage / Burschenschaftertage . The Austrian Pennäler Ring (ÖPR) and its predecessor organizations have also been organizing boys' days since 1906.
At the Deutsche Burschenschaft (DB), the Burschentag (officially: Burschen- und Altherrentag of the German Burschenschaft ) is the highest decision-making body, which meets at least once a year. Every fraternity is obliged to send representatives from Aktivitas and Altherrenschaft to the Burschentag. In addition, the term Burschentag is used as a whole for the annual association meeting in Eisenach, which begins during the week after Whitsun , usually lasts five days and includes a torchlight procession and a memorial at the fraternity memorial , one or two days of negotiations and a festive commemorative drink and ends with a morning drink . Among other things, the new chairperson of the association is elected at the Burschentag.
- Maren Ballerstedt: From Bamberg to Frankfurter Burschentag - Political activation and differentiation of the fraternities between 1826/27 and 1831 , in: Helmut Asmus (ed.): Student fraternities and bourgeois upheaval. On the 175th anniversary of the Wartburg Festival , Berlin 1992, pp. 168–184.
- Georg Heer : The general German fraternity and their Burschentage 1827-1833 , in: Herman Haupt (Hrsg.): Sources and representations for the history of the fraternity and the German unity movement , Vol. 4, Heidelberg 1913, 2nd edition 1966, p. 246-353.
- Harald Lönnecker : "It is not without good reason that we always see a symbol in the place of the Burschentag ..." - The meeting places of the Burschentag from the beginnings in 1818 to the dissolution of the German Burschenschaft in 1935 , in: Burschenschaftliche Blätter 116/2 (2001), p 51-56.
- Harald Lönnecker: Burschentag , in: Friedhelm Golücke , Bernhard Grün, Klaus Gerstein, Peter Krause , Harald Lönnecker (eds.): GDS Archive for University and Student History , Vol. 8, Cologne 2006, pp. 193–194.
- Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon . Volume 3. 1895, pp. 779, 778.
- Allgemeine Zeitung . Supplement to the Allgemeine Zeitung. No. 213 of November 10, 1824, p. 874. Online (accessed July 5, 2016).
- Augspurgische Ordinari postal newspaper . No. 274 of November 15, 1824, p. 3.
- Friedrich Bülau : History of Germany from 1806-1830. Hamburg 1842, p. 461.
- Wigand's Conversations Lexicon. For all stands. Volume 2, Leipzig 1846, p. 893.
- General German People's Conversations Lexicon and Foreign Dictionary. First volume. Hamburg 1845, p. 752.
- General Academic Newspaper. VI. Year, No. 16 of June 17, 1866. Jena, p. 63. (The content and organization of the Burschentage of the Burschenbund is described here in particular.)
- Deutschlandfunk: Wartburg pulls the bridge up
- Association meeting of right-wing students: fraternity members get Wartburg ban , SPON Unispiegel, accessed on July 5, 2016