Christian Ferdinand Schulze

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Christian Ferdinand Schulze (also Ferdinand Schulze ; born January 17, 1774 in Leipzig , † December 2, 1850 in Gotha ) was a German classical philologist and historian .


Schulze was the son of a businessman . After losing his parents at an early age, his parents' friend Friedrich Wilhelm Döring took him in. His education began in 1784 at the school in Naumburg . However, when Döring moved from the rector's office in Naumburg to that in Gotha in 1786 , he went with him to the Gothaer Gymnasium illustrious . There he was taught by Friedrich Jacobs , Friedrich von Schlichtegroll and Johann Friedrich Salomon Kaltwasser , for example . From 1792 to 1796 he completed a degree in theology and philology at the University of Leipzig , at the end of which he was initially awarded a master's degree and was awarded a Dr. phil. received his doctorate . Then he passed the candidate examination in Dresden in 1796 and went back to Leipzig University. There he continued to devote himself to philosophy and theology and finally completed his habilitation as a private lecturer with the sample text Prolegomena ad Senecae librum de vita beata . In the following years he held philosophical, theological and moral lectures .

Schulze got a job as a teacher at the Pädagogium Halle on May 3, 1798 . There he found a supporter and role model in August Hermann Niemeyer . However, he stayed in Halle for only about two years and followed a call to the illustrious grammar school in Gotha, which he had attended himself and where his foster father Döring was still the principal. On March 25, 1800, he began there as the second collaborator and inspector of the Coenobium, but was given the title of professor at the very beginning of his work at the grammar school . Schulze turned down calls from elsewhere, for example from Frankfurt am Main , and stayed at the gymnasium in Gotha with increasingly better wages. There he rose slowly and last took over the first professorship for history in 1840, after Friedrich Kries left . In 1848 he went on full pay in retirement .

In addition to his writing and teaching activities, Schulze was also editor of the National-Zeitung der Deutschen from 1803 to 1814 and from 1828 to his death editor of the Gotha Historical Calendar .

Adolf Moritz Schulze was one of his sons.


Works (selection)

  • Prolegomena ad Senecae librum de vita beata. Leipzig 1797.
  • The struggle of democracy and aristocracy in Rome or the history of the Romans from the expulsion of Tarquin to the election of the first plebeian consul. Rink, Altenburg 1802.
  • The Main Teachings of Christianity: A Guide to Early Religious Education. Ettinger, Gotha 1803.
  • Historical picture room or memorabilia from modern history. A textbook and reading book for educated classes. 6 volumes, Perthes, Gotha 1815–1837.
    • About the use of history: an addendum to the historical picture room. Perthes, Gotha 1841.
  • From the popular assemblies of the Romans. Perthes, Gotha 1815.
  • History of the Gotha High School . Perthes, Gotha 1824.
  • Elisabeth, Duchess of Saxony and Landgravine of Thuringia: a contribution to the history of the Saxony-Coburg-Gothaische Lande. Perthes, Gotha 1832.
  • Life of the Duke of Saxe-Gotha and Altenburg Friedrich II .: a contribution to the history of Gotha at the turn of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Müller, Gotha 1851 (published by his son Adolf Moritz Schulze ).


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