Daniel Schiebeler

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Daniel Schiebeler (born March 25, 1741 in Hamburg ; † August 19, 1771 there ) was a German writer and Protestant hymn poet .


The son of a merchant attended the learned school of the Johanneum in Hamburg and was also taught by a private teacher who led him to read novels on a massive scale. Even as a youth he was able to speak English , French , Italian and Spanish .

In Göttingen (since 1763) and Leipzig (from 1765), he studied with no real interest law , in 1768 he received a doctorate in the fair city with the thesis "De modo poenarum". In the same year, Schiebeler found a job as a legal canon at the cathedral chapter in Hamburg. His life, however, was marked by increasing sickness, which those around him dismissed as hypochondria . At the age of just 30, he fell victim to consumption .



Schiebeler wrote numerous libretti that were set to music by well-known composers. At the age of eighteen he drafted the text of Basilio and Quiteria , which was based on the famous episode "The Wedding of Camacho" from Cervantes Don Quixote . He got the idea through his intensive study of the Spanish language and literature . In order to meet his high quality standards, he even worked with the original Spanish text of an edition published by Gregorio Mayans y Siscar in 1744 . He presented his concept to the renowned composer Georg Philipp Telemann , who was almost 80 years old at the time , who took a liking to it and agreed to compose the music. Schiebeler endeavored to create a dramatic design for his final libretto by dividing it into five scenes and constructing the third scene, almost literally taken over by Cervantes and depicting the fictitious struggle between wealth and love, as a ballet . Its finished version also contained precise stage directions. Telemann changed the libretto rigorously, however, so that the text was better suited for the music he had in mind. He removed the entire third scene and also corrected the text so that the meter better suited his score. The young and inexperienced Schubeler hadn't considered such details. Under the new title Don Quichotte at Comacho's wedding , the piece was premiered as an opera on November 5, 1761 in the Hamburg concert hall "Auf dem Kamp". In 1770, Schiebeler's Basilio and Quiteria was still used as a song poem for the theater.

For Johann Adam Hiller , Schiebeler formulated the two-act libretto for the romantic-comic opera Lisuart and Dariolette or The Question and the Answer , based on Charles-Simon Favart's La Fée Urgèle . The work was performed for the first time on November 25, 1766 in the Theater am Rannstädter Thore in Leipzig. Later a version with three acts was created, which was presented to the Leipzig audience on January 7, 1767 under the shortened title Lisuart and Dariolette . His one-act sequel Die Muse premiered on October 3rd of the same year together with Hiller's operetta Der Dorfbalbier . Hiller also created the tune for his Advent song He is coming, he is coming, the strong hero, full of divine power .

During his time at the Hamburg Cathedral Chapter, he wrote the dramatic poetry for the oratorio Die Israeliten in der Desert , which Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach set to music and was presented to the public on November 1, 1769 in the Hanseatic city.


In addition, his comic romances should be emphasized, which were published in 1767 in romances with melodies . The Singspiel deposit standing very close, these primarily as an intermediate of Bänkellied and ballads setting to display. As one of the first of his time he wrote travesties on ancient materials, for example Pandore , Proserpina , Ariadne and Theseus , Pyreneus and the Muses , The Flute Player Agamemnons and Leander and Hero . Especially with the latter, the changed title - the template was the famous Greek lovers Hero and Leander - shows the author's intention to ridicule the myth . This romance, which can be assigned to the Rococo , also shows the transition from comic romance to serious ballad. At the same time, Ludwig Hölty tried to pass this material on. Both were probably inspired by a farce-like romance written in Spanish by Luis de Góngora . Two years after Schiebeler's death, the volume Auserlesene Gedichte appeared with some of his poems.

You demand a sonnet from me;
You know how hard I find this to be.
Therefore, you loose Rosalinde,
Do you promise a kiss for it?
What about a kiss from you
That Myrtill is not subordinate to it?
I almost think I will overcome;
Look, two Quadrains are already here!
Suddenly it stops flowing!
Now I will have to despair!
But no, here is already a trio!
Now I'm shaking - how will I close?
Come on Rosalinde, let me kiss you! -
Here, beautiful one, is your sonnet.

Some of his works were also included in Protestant church hymn books. In the Altenburg hymn book from 1871, under song number 26, you can find his Advent song He comes, he comes, the strong hero .


Other works were Clemens to his son Theodorus (1764) and The Generosity of Scipio (1767).


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