The Dar Pomorza around 1978
The ship was launched on October 12, 1909 as Prinzess Eitel Friedrich , named after Sophie Charlotte von Oldenburg , the wife of Prince Eitel Friedrich von Prussia at Blohm & Voss in Hamburg and was built in 1910 as the second new building of the German Training Ship Association as a sailing training ship for the basic nautical training put into service. Home port was Oldenburg .
After the First World War , the ship was first brought to Great Britain and then to France as a reparation payment in 1920 . Renamed Colbert , it should be available to the nautical school in Saint-Nazaire , which, however, did not use it. It then became the property of the Baron de Foreste to replace a yacht lost in the war. However, in view of the high costs of converting and maintaining a sailing yacht , he offered the ship for sale in 1929.
The Committee of National Fleet to Pomorze (Pomorski Komitet Floty Narodowej) bought the ship to replace the Bark Lwów for the amount of 7,000 pounds sterling . This money came from a public collection in the Pomeranian Voivodeship . 1929/30 relocated to Nakskov ( Denmark ) as "Pomorze" . The government of Poland had the ship overhauled there and equipped with an auxiliary drive. On June 30, 1930, the ship in Gdynia was given its new name Dar Pomorza ("Gift of Pomerania") in order to be a permanent reminder of who made the commissioning of the ship possible. On July 13, 1930, the ship was handed over to the State Maritime School in Gdynia (Gdynia) , not without the ship and its flag being consecrated.
In 1934/35 the Dar Pomorza undertook a world tour over 352 days and 39,000 nautical miles via the Panama Canal . In 1936, on the occasion of the 15th anniversary of the founding of the seaport of Gdynia , the Second Polish Republic had two commemorative coins of two and five zloty minted with an image of Dar Pomorza . In 1936/37 there was a special trip to circumnavigate Cape Horn . During a trip to the Baltic Sea , the ship left the port of Libau on August 24, 1939 for Gdynia. Because of the German invasion of Poland , the ship's command moved the Dar Pomorza to Stockholm in neutral Sweden , where the ship remained for the duration of the Second World War . Only part of the regular crew remained on board. The rest of the regular crew and the 149 students went to Great Britain to join the resistance against the Third Reich . After the end of the war, the Dar Pomorza returned to her Polish home port of Gdynia on October 25, 1945. In 1946 the ship undertook its first training voyage after the war. In the following years the ship undertook numerous training trips as a training ship of the Higher Naval School for officers "Heroes of the Westerplatte ". In Operation Sail 1972 , the Dar Pomorza took first place, in Operation Sail 1974 in third place.
Due to obsolescence, the ship, which had returned from her last voyage to Kotka in Finland on September 28, 1981, was decommissioned on July 4, 1982 and festively replaced by the new Dar Młodzieży .
During her time with the Polish Merchant Fleet, the Dar Pomorza carried out 102 voyages totaling around half a million nautical miles; A total of 13,384 students from the shipping school were trained.
Since November 16, 1982, the ship can be viewed as a museum ship under the administration of the Polish Maritime Museum in Gdansk . After its overhaul, the Dar Pomorza opened its doors to visitors on May 28, 1983 in the presidential pool on the south pier in Gdynia. In October 2009 the ship celebrated her 100th birthday, and her “second baptism” was carried out by Barbara Szczurek (wife of the mayor of Gdynia) as godmother.
- History of the ship (website of the Polish Maritime Museum). Retrieved February 12, 2018 .
- Gerhard Eckhardt: The sailing ships of the German training ship association. A documentation , Bremen (Hauschild) 1981, ISBN 3-920699-37-8 .
- Henryk Kabat: Dar Pomorza. Wielka przygoda mlodosci, Warszawa (Ksiazka i Wiedza) 1985 [text Polish-English].
- Carl Busley : History of the sailing ships , Berlin (Julius Springer Verlag), 1920, pp. 209-234, Reprint (Reprint-Verlag Leipzig) ISBN 978-3826202384 .
- Wojciech Antoszkiewicz, Mariusz Jablonski, Bogdan Kwiatkowski u. a .: Gdynia: vademecum turysty. Gdynia Turystyczna, Gdynia 2009, ISBN 978-83-929211-0-3 , p. 14.
- Günter Schön, Gerhard Schön: World coin catalog 20th & 21st centuries: 1900–2011. Battenberg Verlag, Regenstauf 2012, p. 1866.
- "Gdynia Współczesna", in: Historia Gdyni. Retrieved September 27, 2011.