The Statsraad Lehmkuhl is a steel barque that was built in 1914 as a sailing training ship Grand Duke Friedrich August for the " German Training Ship Association " (founded in 1900) at the shipyard of Joh. C. Tecklenborg in Geestemünde . It was named after the Oldenburg Grand Duke Friedrich August II .
The ship was put into service on the eve of the First World War and soon showed good to very good sailing characteristics in strong winds. Due to the war, only a few trips could be made. The barque came to England in 1919 as a reparation payment . In 1923 it was acquired by the Norges Rederforbund (Norway's Shipowners Association) for 425,000 crowns on the initiative of its later namesake Kristofer Didrik Lehmkuhl and transferred to Bergen . The name Statsraad Lehmkuhl was given in recognition of its excellent state services and the commitment to buying the ship.
After being equipped for a journey of several months, the ship went to the Bergens Skolskib Stiftelsen ("Bergener Schulschiffstiftung"), which operated it as a training ship until 1966. During the Second World War , after being confiscated by German troops, it was briefly called Westwärts and was used as a depot ship.
In 1946 it was used again after being returned to Norway and overhauled. Twenty years later, in 1966, the ship had despite financial assistance from the state launched (rising maintenance costs, declining cadet number). Since it was threatened with sales abroad, the shipowner Hilmar Reksten managed to get the sailing ship for Norway in 1967. He operated the training ship between 1968 and 1972 on his own account. The Statsraad Lehmkuhl was shut down again in the port of Bergen due to a cut in state support .
The Stiftelsen Seilskipet Statsraad Lehmkuhl (Foundation sailing ship Statsraad Lehmkuhl) was founded, which took over the ship in 1978 and operates it to this day. The ship is supported by chartering to various interested organizations and later by self-arranged trips. Among other things, the German Navy chartered the ship for the first time in September 2000 with Norwegian regular crew in order to be able to carry out the basic seamanship training of the 120 officer candidates , while their own sailing training ship, the Gorch Fock , was in the Elsflether shipyard for a general overhaul. During the winter of 1997/1998, extensive restoration work was carried out at the Laksevåg shipyard in Bergen, including the most modern and necessary ship safety measures, while maintaining the original appearance.
When chartered as a training ship for the Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongeleg Norsk Marine, KNM), it sails under their flag as KNM Statsraad Lehmkuhl . Home port is the Norwegian port city of Bergen .
At sailing meetings
The ship, which is over 100 years old, took part in various international sailing meetings with success (1st place Oslo - Ostend (Belgium) 1960, Newcastle upon Tyne -Bergen 1993, Larvik (Norway) - Esbjerg ( Jutland , Denmark) 1993, Aberdeen- Trondheim 1997) and won the "Bosman Sailors' Trophy 2004".
Some placements in regattas :
- 1960 - 1st place Oslo - Ostend
- 1964 - 6th place Lisbon - Bermuda
- 1966 - 3rd place Falmouth (Cornwall) - Skagen
- 1970 - 2nd place Plymouth - Tenerife
- 1993 - 1st place Newcastle upon Tyne - Bergen
- 1993 - 1st place Larvik - Esbjerg
- 1997 - 1st place Aberdeen - Trondheim
- 1997 - 3rd place Stavanger - Gothenburg
- 2004 - 4th place Stavanger - Cuxhaven
- 2007 - 1st place Aarhus - Kotka
- 2013 - 1st place Aarhus - Helsinki
- 2016 - 1st place Antwerp - Lisbon
- 2016 - 1st place Lisbon - Cadiz
- Construction : steel hull as smooth decker with large back and poop (training ship superstructure )
- Rigg : Bark . With handle double Mars , trad. Slab sails , royal sails ; Lower mast m. Mars / Bram spars , Besanmast with spar , 1 gaff
- Mast result : foremast , wholesale and mizzen (German standard naming)
- Number of decks : 2 continuous steel decks, partial decks (steel / wood) as poop and back; top decks planked with teak
- Launched : January 14, 1914
- Shipyard number (construction number): 263
- Shipyard : Joh. C. Tecklenborg A. - G., Bremerhaven
- Shipping company : German School Ship Association
- other shipping companies: Bergens Skolskib Stiftelsen (1923); Hilmar Reksten (1968); Stiftelsen Seilskipet Statsraad Lehmkuhl (1978)
- other names: Statsraad Lehmkuhl (1923); Westward (1943); Statsraad Lehmkuhl (1945)
- Home port : Oldenburg (Oldenburg) (1914); Bergen (1923)
- Figurehead : none; instead: Krulle ( volute )
- Length over all (Lüa): 98 m
- Length of fuselage : 85.2 m ( Galion - stern )
- Length on deck : 81 m
- Length in the KWL : 73.5 m
- Length between the perpendiculars (LzL): 72 m
- Width: 12.60 m
- Draft : 5.20 m
- Measurement : 1,701 GRT (gross register tons)
- Displacement : 1,516 t
- Sail area : 2,026 m²; (22 sails: 10 yard, 6 stay, 4 headsails, 2 besane)
- Mast height: 53 m (flag button - keel ); 48 m (flag button - water line)
- Auxiliary drive : diesel engine of 1,125 hp (11 kn)
- current captain : Marcus A. Seidl
- Crew : 24 men and up to 180 trainees
- Top speed : 11 knots with the engine / 17 knots under sail
- In the opening credits of the British television series The Onedin Line (1971-1980) the Statsraad Lehmkuhl to the theme music by Aram Chatschaturjan can be seen (in seasons 1 to 5).
- In 1917 the feature film Two Blue Boys was produced on the initiative of Grand Duke Friedrich August , directed by Alwin Neuss . The producer was Erich Pommer . It is an advertising and propaganda film. The film shows nautical exercises that were filmed on board the Grand Duke Friedrich August .
- Dar Pomorza (ex Prince Eitel Friedrich )
- Duchesse Anne (ex Grand Duchess Elisabeth )
- Grand Duke Friedrich August
- Harold A. Underhill: Sail Training and Cadet Ships . Brown, Son and Ferguson, Nautical Publishers, Glasgow 1956.
- Gerhard Eckhardt: The sailing ships of the German training ship association. A documentation . Hauschild, Bremen 1981, ISBN 3-920699-37-8 .