|Region :||Central Transdanubia|
|Small area until December 31, 2012 :||Devecser|
|Coordinates :||47 ° 6 ' N , 17 ° 26' E|
|Area :||64.11 km²|
|Residents :||4,551 (Jan 1, 2011)|
|Population density :||71 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+36) 88|
|Postal code :||8460|
|Structure and administration (status: 2014)|
|Community type :||city|
|Mayor :||Gábor Ferenczi (Jobbik)|
|Postal address :||Petőfi tér 1
|(Source: A Magyar Köztársaság helységnévkönyve 2011. január 1st at Központi statisztikai hivatal )|
Devecser [ ˈdɛvɛtʃɛr ] (German rarely Dewetscher ) is a town in Veszprém County in Hungary .
Devecser is located in Transdanubia , approx. 35 km north of Lake Balaton northwest of the Bakony Mountains . In the northwest of the city is the characteristically shaped volcanic mountain Somló , a well-known Hungarian wine-growing region.
In the Middle Ages there were at least five small villages near today's town of Devecser: Devecser, Kisdevecser, Szék, Meggyes, and Patony. They were owned by families from the noble ancestors of Pécz in the 12th to 13th centuries. The area was given by King (Kun) László IV. With a document dated July 22, 1274 to Devecseri Eymich's son, Devecseri Márton, and named as a family name and village name (Devecser). Between 1470 and 1490 a castle was built, enlarged and rebuilt by Devecseri Csóron Márton. In 1488 Devecser was a center of the whole area. On June 4, 1508, a fight broke out between Devecseri Csóron András and church people coming from the Archdiocese of Esztergom, after which Bakócz Tamás ruled over the area for 13 years, whose people from Esztergom were beaten up. In 1532 Devecseri Csóron András reported that the Turks were repulsed seven times by Werbőczy Imre when they came against Sümeg and Devecser.
After the Turks, the Devecser castle was strengthened and enlarged. In 1584 Devecseri Csóron András died and with him the Devecser family died out in the male line. His daughter and son-in-law Nádasdy Kálmán inherited the property. In 1625, Count Esterházy I. Miklós took control of the area. But he thought of the female branch of the Devecser family, and in 1626 he gave them the Somló Castle. Devecser Castle is also called Esterházy Palace.
From September 5, 1882 to January 20, 1884, the then assistant teacher Géza Gárdonyi , a well-known Hungarian writer, stayed in Devecser. There he wrote his first known works. The Devecser school is named after him in memory of him.
On October 4, 2010, Devecser was also flooded as part of an approximately 40 square kilometer area of around 700,000 cubic meters of red mud that had leaked after the Kolontár dam breach. At least eight people were killed and more than 100 injured.
On August 5, 2012, a demonstration by right-wing extremist groups with around 700 participants took place in the village, which was directed against the Roma minority . There were threats against Roma as well as isolated attacks on their houses. Because the police did not intervene, the European Court of Human Rights sentenced Hungary in 2017 to pay damages of 7,500 euros each to two plaintiffs.
- Schloss Esterhazy in the city center
- Roman Catholic Church Páduai Szent Antal , built 1759–1762 (Baroque)
Devecser is a transport hub. Main street 8 ( Szentgotthárd - Székesfehérvár ) and Győr - Pápa - Tapolca street intersect here . A smaller road leads to Ajka . Devecser also owns a train station through which the electrified Celldömölk - Budapest line runs.
People with a relationship to the city
- Géza Gárdonyi (1863–1922), Hungarian writer, worked from September 5, 1882 to January 20, 1884 as an assistant teacher in Devecser, where he wrote his first known works. The Devecser school is named after him in memory of him.
- Zénó Vendler (1921–2004), Hungarian-North American philosopher of language, linguist and university professor.
- Lajos Tar (* 1957), Hungarian painter, sculptor, composer and guitar virtuoso
- ^ "Red flood in Hungary", diepresse.com
- ↑ Barbora Černušáková: The Roma people's Hungarian hell. In: Politico , January 25, 2017, accessed on February 29, 2020.
- ↑ ECHR, Case of Király and Dömötör v. Hungary (Application no. 10851/13). Judgment of January 17, 2017, accessed February 29, 2020.