Blumberg office

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The office of the DVP BlumbergDr. Richard Sorge “, located in Freudenberg northeast of Berlin, was a secret unit of the barracked units of the Ministry of the Interior (MdI) in the GDR . She was responsible for the technical maintenance of the command post and its defense, to which the Minister of the Interior and his staff would have withdrawn in the event of a defense (Object 7001). For the bunker was VEB Spezialbaukombinat Schwedt responsible part of the construction workers made the military unit.


The Blumberg office was not located in Blumberg directly on the northeastern outskirts of Berlin, as the name suggests, but from around 1985 about three kilometers north of trunk road 158 at the north-west exit of Freudenberg . Until then, the entire office was located in the barracks north of the village of Eichenbrandt, on Gamengrund.

An object located near Blumberg between Ahrensfelde and Lindenberg had the same object structure as all bunker structures (front: guard battalion barracks, behind: protective structures), but was an object of the "Feliks Dzierzynski" guard regiment of the Ministry for State Security (MfS). Today the Federal Police Department Blumberg of the Federal Police with the Federal Police Flying Squadron East and the service dog training facility of the Federal Police Directorate Berlin is located on this site .

The MdI property in the village of Blumberg, Central Orchestra of the MdI, served the DVP Blumberg office “Dr. Richard Sorge “as a camouflage object .

The Blumberg office occupied the following objects in detail:

Objects of the department
designation determination place circle Defensive task coordinate
AO = "training object" Barracks of the security unit in heather jug Strausberg Starting point 52 ° 38 '53.4 "  N , 13 ° 51' 21.3"  E
SO = "training object" (object 7001) Protective structures with radio reception point at Freudenberg Bad Freienwalde Ministerial Leadership 52 ° 42 ′ 32.5 "  N , 13 ° 48 ′ 59.7"  E
AG = "training site" Radio transmitter at cloths Eberswalde remote radio station 52 ° 46 ′ 14.6 "  N , 13 ° 47 ′ 24.8"  E
Blumberg two office rooms in Blumberg Bernau cover


The "Office of the DVP Blumberg" was divided into

  • a governing body,
  • the political organ,
  • the staff,
  • the utility services,
  • the area deputy head (staff commander of the bunker structure),
  • the communications engineering representative,
  • the fuse unit (SE) and
  • the officers' reconnaissance group.

Besides, there was

  • a party secretary ( subordinate to the district leadership of the SED of the MdI) and
  • an FDJ secretary (subordinate to the district leadership of the FDJ of the MdI) and
  • the working group of defense officers of the MfS (5 officers, directly subordinate to HA VII of the MfS ).
Strength StAN I
job and equipment
certificate permanent readiness for action
job and equipment
certificate Full operational readiness
unit Officer Clock. Wm. total Officer Clock. Wm. total
DSt. Blumberg 129 199 285 613 173 327 566 1066
Source: Mobilization planning / GVS b 893–0014 / 89
Legend: Offz. = Officer, Ufhr. = Unterführer, Wm. = Sergeant (see VP ranks )

Management body

It consisted of that

  • Head of the service
  • his deputies:
    • Deputy Head and Chief of Staff,
    • Deputy Head of Political Work,
    • Deputy Head
    • Deputy Head of Communications Technology and
    • Deputy Head of Supply
  • as well as their subordinate specialist officers and
  • internal security officers (including criminalist from service unit IX, MdI HA / K Berlin)
  • the control officer (finance)
  • the head of management / training
  • the finance officer

Political organ

  • Deputy Head of Political Work
  • Deputy of the Deputy for pole. job
Strength StAN I StAN II
unit Officer Clock. Wm. total Officer Clock. Wm. total
Political organ 2 1 - 3 3 1 - 4th


  • Deputy of the head u. chief of staff
  • Deputy Chief of Staff operational (military staff of the DSt.)
  • Head of Security (issuing / withdrawing ID cards for objects)
  • Head of organization (mobilization preparation and (mil.) Defense planning)
Strength StAN I StAN II
unit Officer Clock. Wm. total Officer Clock. Wm. total
Rod 13 14th - 27 18th 37 44 99

Utility services

  • Deputy Head of Supply
  • Organization / Operation Officer (Deputy)
  • Head of Automotive / Ammunition (including five Ikarus buses)
  • Troop doctor (two med.points with sankra)
  • Officer accommodation (with contractors, operation of waterworks and boiler houses)
  • Officer use of quarters (general manager, including two sales points)
  • Clothing / Equipment Officer (warehouse)
Strength StAN I StAN II
unit Officer Clock. Wm. total Officer Clock. Wm. total
Utility services 17th 39 8th 64 19th 83 10 112

Subordinate units

  • Deputy head (crew of the protective structures plus approx. 300 people from the ministerial leadership group)
  • Deputy Head of Communications Technology (ensuring radio and wire communications) (transfer to Deputy Minister for News)
  • Officer reconnaissance group (police reconnaissance of the accommodation area, Kripo K1)
  • Security Unit (SE) (Construction and Guard Battalion)
Strength StAN I StAN II
unit Officer Clock. Wm. total Officer Clock. Wm. total
Deputy Head 35 47 - 82 45 80 - 125
Deputy Head Technology 8th 25th - 33 - - - -
Officers reconnaissance group 5 - - 5 10 - - 10
Fuse unit 38 57 253 348 66 121 515 702

Deputy Head

  • Deputy Head (Commander Protective Structures)
  • Deputy for political work of the StL
  • Head of technology (maintenance and repair service for protective structures)
  • Head of own work (coordination of all construction work for the protective structures)
  • Head of Planning (Chief of Staff with staff)
  • Intelligence Officer (Head of Intelligence Center Protective Structure)
  • Head of duty (duty system protective structures)
  • Head of IT (personal computer of the latest production / EC-1834)
  • Supply Officer

Communications engineering

  • Deputy d. Ltr. Communications engineering
  • Head of Object Message Center (ensuring communication links)
  • Head of the radio communications center (remote FuNZ at Tuchen-Klobicke)
  • Head of VS office (for all three objects ("training" (AO), "training object" (SO) and FuNZ))

Fuse unit

  • Backup unit: "Constant readiness for use"
    • commander
    • Staff (management body) (structured like VPB)
    • 1st company (three rifle platoons)
    • 2nd company (three rifle platoons)
    • 3rd company (SPW platoon (PSH), pioneer platoon, flak platoon)
    • 4th company (transport train, two half-trains stokers, two half-trains cooks)
  • "Defense state" security unit
    • commander
    • Staff (management body) (structured like VPB)
    • 1. (Rifle) Kp. (Defense of the command post / SO)
    • 2. (Rifle) Kp. (Defense of the command post / SO)
    • 3. (Rifle) group of reservists (defense of the contact point (AO) for BDVP bosses)
    • 4. (Rifle) group of reservists (defense of the radio transmission center)
    • 5th Kp. SPW PSH from 3rd Kp., SPW-Zug (armored escort group)
    • (6. Kp.) Flak-Bttr. from Flak-Zug / 3. (Air defense at the command post / SO)
    • 7. Staff Kp. from 4th Kp., without pioneer train (security, pioneer train / staff office)


Prehistory 1972–1983

Its construction was started by four VP members at the end of 1972 in Berlin-Bohnsdorf in a three-room apartment. Its purpose was originally the preparation and management of the construction of an underground command post near Werneuchen ( object 025 ) for the Interior Minister of the GDR Army General Friedrich Dickel . After that, this unit should be disbanded.

Head of department was Colonel d. VP Hans Wahner, former Wehrmacht officer who handled the operational (military) tasks. At the beginning of the 1960s he was the commander of the Mot. Brigade (B) formed from the Basdorf readiness and in this capacity, according to his own admission, the direct military head of the construction of the wall . Furthermore, the head master of the VP Manfred Mittelberger (now deceased) performed the tasks of the supply services. Captain, most recently Major d. VP, Friedemann prepared the communications security. A little later, Captain Delow joined them, lastly Lieutenant Colonel d. VP. He was responsible for the construction preparation and implementation.

This department was subordinate to the first deputy head of the MdI until the end of the GDR and the takeover by the Federal Border Guard or individual parts by the civil protection / BMI in 1990. The superior was therefore first Lieutenant General Friedhelm Rausch until his appointment as President the VP Berlin and as his successor Lieutenant General Egon Grüning .

After further employees were assigned, this office relocated to the locality of Blumberg near Berlin to the VP object of the local music corps of the MdI.

Around 1977, conscripts with construction trades from the People's Police Readiness (VPB) were assigned. The construction of military units, a technical unit and a communications unit as well as rear security units began near the village of Gielsdorf. All relatives were moved to these barracks and the property in the village of Blumberg served as a cover address.

At the end of the 1970s, this development resulted in the formation of a "security unit" (three companies). This was dissolved at the end of 1983 and its companies reported directly to the head of the department. In November 1985, the security unit was newly formed and now based even more closely on the structure of a VP readiness (four companies, including two rifle companies and one mixed company, in which the SPW platoon was cadre as a future company).

The bunker construction from 1983 to the present

Bunker 7001, entrance gate of TO 02
Bunker 7001, telegraph room in TO 02
Bunker 7001, telephone system in TO 02

The construction of a three-story underground command post was canceled around the beginning of 1983 near Werneuchen , in the immediate vicinity of the Soviet strategic military airfield, and started again about 10 km east on the outskirts of Freudenberg. The NVA building regiment, which had previously been housed in three-storey metal lightweight buildings in this property and had built the underground command posts of the NVA in the Strausberg area together with the VEB Spezialbau Schwedt (7000 buildings), was dissolved. In place of the disbanded regiment, construction workers from the agency's companies were now building.

However, the poor economic situation in the GDR made it necessary to erect only three more modest one-story buildings (TO = partial object) instead of the originally planned multi-storey building of protection class A and a later specification of a two-storey bunker of protection class B, two of which ( TO 01 and 02) only had protection class D. Only one of the three bunkers (TO 03) fulfilled at least protection class C. This bunker is the largest of the three bunkers, around 88 meters long and 14 meters wide and was built completely underground. At its end there was formerly the so-called “situation center” with map walls and a film projector. A small recording studio with a line connection to radio in the GDR was also located in TO 03. The TO 01 and TO 02 bunkers, which are only 50 meters long, each end in a protected garage 25 meters long and 15 meters wide. They were built over with two barracks within the so-called "parking zone", in whose basements a lock leads into the bunker. There is an emergency exit next to the barracks. All three bunkers are interconnected by tunnels, the longest of which, at 260 meters, connects TO 03 with the basement of the staff service building (TO 04).

The bunker was built between 1983 and 1987 and is said to have cost 58 million GDR marks. The three bunkers were intended to provide sheltered accommodation for 200 people and were completely hermetically sealed to enable them to survive for ten hours.

In 2005, ZDF made a contribution to the program Abenteuer Wissen in the bunkers near Freudenberg (Object 7001), which was broadcast on November 9, 2005. The ZDF camera team was led by two bunker researchers from the Berlin Bunker Network and the Berliner Unterwelten Association .

The bunkers are accessible and can be visited with a guide.

See also


  • Thomas Fischer: Police soldiers. Barracks service - street fighting - nuclear bunker . A documentary diary on the barracked units of the Ministry of the Interior of the GDR 1989/1990. 3. Edition. Helios-Verlag, Aachen 2010, ISBN 3-938208-39-2 .

Web links

Commons : Bunker 7001  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Paul Bergner: Order "Filigree" . On the trail of interesting bunkers. 5th edition. FB-Verlag, 2003, ISBN 3-9810920-3-1 , 3.2. Annexes of the MdI, S. 101-106 .
  2. ^ Stefan Best: Secret bunker systems of the GDR . 4.1 Control bunker of the MdI. 2nd Edition. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-613-02332-6 , p. 83 ff .
  3. About the BBN e. V. - Berlin bunker network. BBN, accessed October 4, 2011 .
  4. ^ Thomas Schuhbauer: Shooting in the Freudenberg bunker . ( Memento from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) With the bunker explorers into the underworld. ZDF ; Retrieved October 4, 2011.