City of Tuttlingen
|Height :||709 m|
|Area :||6.74 km²|
|Residents :||391 (December 31, 2009)|
|Population density :||58 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||June 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||78532|
|Area code :||07464|
Eßlingen within the city of Tuttlingen
Eßlingen is located in the Krähenbach valley and has an area of 674 hectares. The Flachhans forms with the highest point in the Tuttlingen area.
We first met Eßlingen in 1225 as Ezze Linga and in 1275 as Ezzelingen in old documents. The place name is probably derived from a certain Ezzilo, who settled here with his family members and with unfree people in the course of the early Middle Ages. Eßlingen and Möhringen on the Danube were connected with each other over the centuries. Together with Ippingen , Eßlingen formed the Möhringen lordship, which became part of the Fürstenberg family in 1520 .
Eßlingen fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 . It initially belonged to the Möhringen District Office and after its dissolution in 1844 to Donaueschingen . Until the administrative reform in the 1970s, Eßlingen and Möhringen belonged to the Donaueschingen district .
On June 1, 1972, the independent municipality of Eßlingen joined the city of Tuttlingen as the first district. Since Eßlingen has no border with Tuttlingen, the peculiarity of an unconnected municipality area arose for half a year.
The population of Esslingen is currently 373 (as of December 31, 2019).
Coat of arms and banner
|Blazon : “ In silver (white) with a blue cloud border, a cut black star. "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms designed by the Baden State Archives in 1898 refers to the former rulers of the community. The cloud border comes from the coat of arms of the princes of Fürstenberg . The star comes from the coat of arms of Hans Amstad zu Randegg, who initially ruled the area.|
"The banner is blue-yellow striped lengthways with the coat of arms in the middle."
Culture and sights
With the Pfarrschöpfle, the rectory, the parish barn and the St. Jakobus Church, Eßlingen has a harmonious four star in the center of the village.
- St. James Church ( connected to the Way of St. James since 2008 )
- Parish barn
- Old school (kindergarten)
- Gasthaus Adler (closed)
- Fools guild house
Catholic parish church of St. James
The Catholic parish church of St. Jakobus in Eßlingen was built in 1589 (see keystone in the choir vault) on the site of a probably smaller predecessor church, of which no documents are available yet. When the heating shaft was excavated in the western nave, numerous skeletal remains were unearthed, from which one can conclude that the extended church building extended to the former cemetery area.
Eßlingen is on a side pilgrimage route to the north-west axis to Santiago de Compostela . It cannot be ruled out that there was a small hostel on the site of today's rectory.
The right of patronage over the church had in 16./17. Century held the counts of Fürstenberg . The coat of arms of the von Hornstein family (cow's head with tongue hanging out) in the western keystone can probably be seen in connection with a foundation. It is the coat of arms of the Imperial Counts of Sandizell (noble family) from Bavaria.
Inquiries with the von Hornstein family in Binningen revealed that this family is extinct. One of those von Sandizell lived from 1785 to 1855 and was married to one of Hornstein. It can be assumed that the Sandizell-Hornstein family made a large donation during the construction of the current church and that these were closely related to the Fürstenberg family.
The construction of the current sacristy enclosing walls was very likely a bell tower structure that was only removed as part of the extensive renovation work in the second half of the 19th century or earlier due to dilapidation, except for the current dimensions of the sacristy room with cross vaults. A very old bell kept in the parish barn, which is too big and heavy for a small roof turret, confirms this assumption.
During the plaster consolidation work on the north wall of the choir in the area of the lower half of the St. Andrew and St. James representation, a sandstone vaulted window was found under the plaster from 1589. This window, which was bricked up in 1589, presumably served to illuminate the tower area in the area of the current sacristy room.
It can be concluded from this that during the construction of the new church in 1589, the old tower of the previous church, which was proportionally set back, was integrated. The significantly older age of this structure also led to an earlier dilapidation. The east window opening in the sacristy in its current dimensions was probably only enlarged in the 18th century. During the plaster repairs in this area it could be observed that the window opening is not original, but was broken out later.
The northern choir wall is the most interesting wall in terms of architectural history. In addition to architectural evidence, it is also richly painted with fresco secco paintings from the end of the 16th century and an additional decorative painting from the end of the 17th / beginning of the 18th century. Presumably depictions of saints with banners. The fragment of a banner in the western corner of the choir arch - the lower half of the representation of St. Wendelind - became visible.
Contrary to what has been handed down to us, the nave was not extended to the west during the renovation in the second half of the 19th century. Only the west gable was renewed in the style of the time in order to statically secure the new roof bell tower and the gallery, which was extended to the east .
The canteens of the side altars clearly show the width of the missing side altars from the 16th century. On the left side altar, behind the wooden anti-scholarship cladding from around 1774, there was a centrally arranged, square marble imitation. The side altar superstructures were made in 1712. This is evidenced by a painted year on the back of the left side altar.
The baptismal font in the early Baroque interior was on the extended southern end wall of the right side altar. The installation niche is still available at this point. The lower part of this font from the 16th century was reused in the renewed font from 1774.
Economy and Infrastructure
Esslingen does not have a rail connection, but is connected to Tuttlingen and Schwenningen by bus routes . The closest rail connections are Tuttlingen station and the ring train stops in Wurmlingen and Möhringen . In 1986 a bypass ( Bundesstrasse 523 ) was built as a feeder to the A 81 .
1985/86 conversion of the parish barn into a community center as part of the village development program.
- Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the Swabian Alb Association local group Eßlingen from 1st to 3rd July 2005
- Festschrift for the 25th anniversary of the association of fools Eßlinger Hannesle from October 12, 2018
- Eßlingen on the website of the city of Tuttlingen
- facts and figures ; Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 535 .
- Coat of arms of Esslingen
- Flags of the Tuttlingen districts
- Historical and architectural findings taken from the work report of Mr. Friedemann Warmuth, restorer