Oak (heraldry)

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Oak in the talking coat of arms of Eichwalde

The oak is a popular common figure because of its strong symbolism in heraldry .

It stands for strength, persistence and for struggle, including victory. In the Germanic world of faith it always played a special role as a sacred tree. What is shown by the oak in the coat of arms often suggests the personal characteristics of the bearer of the coat of arms .

All parts of the oak are strongly stylized in the coat of arms . The tree, the leaves and the fruits called acorns are shown.

The tree is always shown with a spreading crown on a strong tree trunk in the coat of arms. Two trees from a trunk are a heraldic peculiarity. This common figure, known as the double oak , became a symbol of the togetherness of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein in the course of the conflict between Danes and Germans over the status of Schleswig-Holstein under international law in the middle of the 19th century .

Leaves and fruits are often shown individually or in threes in the coat of arms. Branches, trunks, stumps with leaves are used as leafy described . The oak is preferred in the colors green and gold, but also in silver. The oak is also widespread in religious orders. Many orders and decorations are surrounded by an oak wreath or decorated with oak leaves . The oak even gives its name to an order of knights : Order of the Oak . The oak is also suitable for a talking coat of arms . The “acorn on the branch” appears as a mint master's mark in the Saxon mints of Bautzen (1668) and Dresden (1640–1678).


See also

Web links

Commons : Oaks in Heraldry  - Collection of Images
Commons : Oak branches in heraldry  - collection of images