Eisenbach (Lower Franconia)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eisenbach coat of arms
Coordinates: 49 ° 50 ′ 3 ″  N , 9 ° 6 ′ 48 ″  E
Height : 126 m
Residents : 2517  (2017)
Incorporation : May 1, 1978
Postal code : 63785
Area code : 06022

Eisenbach is a district of Obernburg am Main with 2517 inhabitants.


Eisenbach in the map of the Spessart by Paul Pfinzing from 1594 (north is on the right)

The parish village of Eisenbach is located on the lower course of the Mömling in the north-western Odenwald . Eisenbach borders in the west on the district of Rai-Breitenbach in the Hessian city ​​of Breuberg . In the north to the municipality of Mömlingen and in the south and east to the city of Obernburg, whose district is Eisenbach.

Eisenbach is geographically bounded in the north and south by two mountain ranges. The "Hungerberg" in the south-east is today characterized by extensive orchards. The "Stutzberg" located in the southwest is wooded and is used for forestry. In the north is the nationally known Mirabelle growing area "Hardt".

The Lauterhof and Neustädterhof wastelands belong to Eisenbach .


Eisenbach is believed to have been founded in Carolingian times. The first secured documentary mention dates back to the year 1268. At that time Eisenbach was still part of the imperial abbey of Fulda . After it had been temporarily in the possession of the Archbishopric of Mainz from 1278, it finally came to the future Electorate of Mainz in 1308 . However, the village jurisdiction lay with the respective lords of Breuberg . The ownership and sovereignty rights were additionally complicated, since the collegiate monastery St. Peter and Alexander zu Aschaffenburg owned two farms in Eisenbach from 1274.

After the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss the village came to the Principality of Aschaffenburg in 1803 . In 1810 the rulership changed again, because the principality was absorbed into the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt . In 1814, Eisenbach finally became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria .

In 1862 the district office of Obernburg was formed, on whose administrative area Eisenbach was located. In 1939 the designation district was introduced throughout the German Reich and Eisenbach was now one of the 35 municipalities in the district of Obernburg am Main (vehicle registration number OBB ). With the dissolution of the district of Obernburg, Eisenbach came to the newly formed district of Miltenberg in 1972 (license plate MIL ). The previously independent municipality of Eisenbach was incorporated into the city of Obernburg on May 1, 1978 as part of the regional reform in Bavaria .


Knecht flour mill

Eisenbach is traditionally small-scale and agricultural. However, the name Eisenbach already indicates that mining was also carried out in the place. In fact, there are several iron ore and basalt veins in the mountain on the right of the Mömling between Eisenbach and Mömlingen , which made mining possible. The local chapel, built in the 11th century, was dedicated to the patron saint of miners, Saint Barbara . This is a testimony to the fact that mining began in Eisenbach early on. However, the exploitation of the ore deposits became unprofitable at the beginning of the 20th century and finally stopped in 1924. Eisenbach remained dominated by agriculture, which is illustrated by the arrangement of the orchards in the southeast and the "Hardt" mirabelle plum cultivation area, which was established in the 1930s .

The silos and the building of the grain mill Knecht, which was built in 1854, are characteristic for the entrance to Eisenbach and exemplary for the agricultural character . The mill is water-powered and, as the first milling company in Germany, decided in 1954 to produce according to Demeter guidelines. It is therefore the first organic mill in Germany.

Structurally, Eisenbach and Obernburg grew together in the 1970s and 1980s through the industrial area of ​​the city of Obernburg and the expansion of the residential area over the "Mömlingtalring".

Culture and sights


The Eisenbacher Heimatmuseum is located on the upper floor of the former new town hall of the district. Photos, certificates, documents and devices from all areas of life are exhibited in it. The aim is to keep Eisenbach's history alive. The historical employment opportunities in Eisenbach - agriculture, small craft businesses and mining - are discussed.


The Barbarakapelle, which is part of the Catholic parish church of St. John the Baptist, is particularly worth seeing . The Barbara Chapel was built in the 11th century and is consecrated to Saint Barbara , the patron saint of miners. A first church tower and a first extension expanded the existing chapel in 1401 and created the first complete church in Eisenbach. This was also consecrated to John the Baptist . After the confusion of the Thirty Years' War , however, the building had become dilapidated and finally, at the instigation of the Ordinariate in Mainz, the nave was demolished, so that only the church tower and the Barbara chapel remained. After the demolition, the new nave was finally built in the baroque style at the beginning of the 18th century. With the growth of the parish, several additions were necessary, the last of which was carried out in 1936/37.

Regular events

  • The Mirabelle Festival is celebrated annually in Eisenbach on the third weekend in July.
  • The Eisenbacher Curb is celebrated on the first Sunday from Michaelis (September 29th) .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ The parish of Eisenbach. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  2. ^ BayernAtlas. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  3. Naturefriends House Eisenbach. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  4. ^ The parish of Eisenbach. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  5. ^ The parish of Eisenbach. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 751 .
    1. Enter the standard author: Museum - museen-im-odenwald.de. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  7. The Barbara Chapel. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  8. ^ BayernAtlas. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  9. Grain mill Knecht. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
    1. Enter the standard author: Museum - museen-im-odenwald.de. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  10. The Barbara Chapel. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .
  11. Our parish church of St. John the Baptist in Eisenbach. Retrieved November 10, 2018 .

Web links