Ellen's third song
Often referred to as Schubert's Ave Maria , the piece is based on Walter Scott's poem The Lady of the Lake . The German translation was done by Adam Storck . Storck's version tells of the girl Ellen Douglas, the Lady of the Lake ("Princess of the Lake"). She hides in a cave with her father to avoid the king's revenge on Roderick Dhu, a clan chief who has been exiled and given her shelter. In desperation, she directs a prayer to the Virgin Mary and asks her for help. It is not heard from Roderick, who is up on the mountain preparing his clan for war.
The opening words and the chorus “Ave Maria” lead, in addition to the Ave Maria by Bach / Gounod, to the frequent use of the song in church services (for example at weddings and funerals). Often the Latin text of the Ave Maria is sung to Schubert's melody instead of the romantic original text.
Position within the cycle
In 1825 Schubert set a selection of seven songs from Scott's The Lady of the Lake to music . They were published in 1826 as his op. 52. The songs are not uniform in their line-up: Ellen's three chants are piano songs for a female voice, the songs of Normans and Count Douglas were intended for the baritone Johann Michael Vogl . The two remaining chants are written for a male and a female ensemble.
- Ellen's chant ID 837 “Rest warriors, war is over” / “Soldier rest! the warfare o'er "
- Ellens Gesang II D 838 “Hunter, rest from the hunt” / “Huntsman, rest! thy chase is done "
- Bootgesang D 835 "Triumph, er nah" / "Hail to the chief" , male quartet (TTBB)
- Coronach (funeral song of women and girls) D 836 "He is divorced" / "He is gone to the mountain" , choral song (SSA)
- Normans Gesang D 846 "The night will soon fall"
- Ellen's Song III (Hymn to the Virgin) D 839 “Ave Maria! Virgin mild! ”/ “ Ave Maria! maiden mild! “ , song for female voice
- Song of the captured hunter D 843 "Mein Roß so müd" / "My hawk is tired"
Schubert set the songs to music on the German transcriptions of the texts. With the exception of No. 5, however, the songs were apparently also intended to be published with the original English texts. Adam Storck's free transmission had to be translated and set up according to the music, which was associated with considerable difficulties.
Text of Ellen's third song
Scott's Hymn to the Virgin
Ave Maria! maiden mild!
On July 25 (28?) 1825, Schubert wrote to father and stepmother from Steyr :
Peter Härtling comments on this passage in his Schubert novel as follows:
"With which he inconspicuously but precisely gives the father an answer to innumerable disputes, mostly ending in shouting, about true faith and true piety."
Use in modern media
In the film Free Will there is a longer scene in a church in which Bernadette Büllmann sings Ellen's third song .
In the literary film adaptation Christine / L'Amante pura (F / I 1958; based on Arthur Schnitzler's Liebelei ; music: Georges Auric) this song can be heard with orchestral accompaniment (orchestra, singer: unknown). Christine ( Romy Schneider ), a Schubert lover like her father (cello player at the Theater in der Josefstadt ), falls unhappily in love with an uneducated, uncomprehending dragoons ( Alain Delon ): Her fiancé does not even recognize the composer, who is always present as a bust in her young girl's room. Christine sings her prayer during her entrance exam at the KK Hof-Operntheater in Vienna : full of sentimentality, as it were in a gloomy foreboding of the difficult fate of her long-suffering father. This performance marks the climax of Christine's young life, just before her tragic end.
- Rudolf Hans Bartsch : Mushrooms . Staackmann, Leipzig 1912 (EA), .
- Heinrich Berté : The Dreimäderlhaus . Operetta in three acts. Text based on Rudolf Hans Bartsch by Alfred Maria Willner and Heinz Reichert. Premiere: January 15, 1916 Vienna, Raimund Theater .
- Johann Ludwig Deinhardstein : Seals for art speakers. [sn], Vienna-Trieste 1815; Microfiche output (16 microfiches; together with the other works of the author and editor). Saur, Munich 1990-94, ISBN 3-598-50536-1 .
- Otto Erich Deutsch (Ed.): Schubert. The documents of his life. NGA VIII, 5th VEB German publishing house for music and Bärenreiter, Leipzig / Kassel 1964, ISBN 978-3-7651-0302-5 , .
- Peter Härtling: The Wanderer. Luchterhand, Darmstadt 1988, ISBN 3-630-86674-3 .
- Peter Härtling: Schubert. Twelve moments of musicaux and a novel. Luchterhand, Hamburg 1992, ISBN 3-630-86791-X .
- Friederike Jary-Janecka: Franz Schubert at the theater and in film. Mueller-Speiser, Anif / Salzburg 2000, ISBN 3-85145-066-3 (only German-language stage works and Austrian films).
- Wilhelm Müller: Poems. In two parts (with introduction and notes, edited by Friedrich Max Müller , with an extensive biography of Gustav Schwab written in 1827 ). Brockhaus, Leipzig 1868 (EA), ; currently: Funk, Dessau 2006, ISBN 3-939197-04-1 .
- Walter Scott: The Lady of the Lake. Narration. Edinburgh 1810 (EA).
- Ellen's Third Chant : Sheet Music and Audio Files in the International Music Score Library Project
- Accompaniment to sing along on impresario
- Films with Ellen's third chant as
- Arrangement :
- Original version :
References and comments
- Sir Walter Scott: The Lady of the Lake in Project Gutenberg ( currently not usually available for users from Germany )
According to Ingeb.org .
- The words of “Ellen's third song” in the English language Wikipedia
- The Lady of the Lake in Project Gutenberg ( currently not usually available for users from Germany )
- German , Doc. 299 (see literature )
Härtling sees himself in close proximity to Schubert:
The title of one of his autobiographical novels is Der Wanderer (see literature ). The poem Des Fremdlings Abendlied ( memento from April 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (title based on Schubert's original text: Der Unglückliche ; not to be confused with D 713 ) by Georg Philipp Schmidt (author based on Schubert's original text: Werner; about Zacharias Werner meant?) was set to music by Schubert in 1816 as Der Wanderer (D 493). Schubert's original text, Deinhardstein's poems , is printed and commented on in Chapter 15 of Härtling's Schubert novel (see literature ). The end of said autobiography prints, the “ edited and introduced by Gustav Schwab ” (Härtling: Wanderer, end of chapter 9) following first edition, Wilhelm Müller's cycle of poems Die Winterreise (see literature ).
- Härtling: Schubert, Chapter 28 (see literature )
- Arthur Schnitzler: Liebelei. Play in three acts in the Gutenberg-DE project
- "Violin player at the Josefstädter Theater": Arthur Schnitzler: Liebelei. Play in three acts in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Already with Schnitzler: " Fritz (still seated): 'Who is the gentleman there on the stove?' - Christine (instructive): 'That's Schubert.' "Arthur Schnitzler: Liebelei. Second act in the Gutenberg-DE project